The family in Norwegian society Norwegian Life and Society Margunn Bjørnholt Autumn 2013

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The family in Norwegian society

Norwegian Life and Society

Margunn Bjørnholt Autumn 2013

References/concepts/selected readings

Social democratic welfare state, one of the three main types of welfare states, in which modern developed capitalist nations cluster:

* Liberal

* Corporatist- Statist

* Social Democratic

Reference: Esping-Andersen, G. 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Cambridge: Polity Press & Princeton: Princeton University Press

Woman friendly welfare state /state feminism


Hernes, Helga. 1987. Welfare State and Women Power. Essays in State Feminism. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget


- the extent to which an individual can uphold a socially accceptable standard of living independently of family relationships; the concept was coined by Ruth Lister, later taken up by a.o. Esping-Andersen

Reference: Lister, Ruth (1990). “Women, economic dependency and citizenship”, Journal of Social Policy 19(4), pp. 281–298

Warm-modern model of care


Hochschild, A. 1995. ’The Culture of Politics: Traditional, Postmodern, Cold-modern, and Warm-modern Ideals of Care’ Social Politics 2 (3): 331-346

Working mothers and the welfare state

Leira, Arnlaug. 1992. Welfare States and Working Mothers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Equal parenting/parental leave, lone mothers

Ellingsæter, Anne Lise and Leira, Arnlaug (eds.) 2006. Politicising parenthood in Scandinavia. Gender relations in welfare states. Bristol: Policy Press

Weak male breadwinner regime


Lewis, J. .1992. ’Gender and the Development of Welfare Regimes’

Journal of European Social Policy vol. 2 no. 3 159-173

Modified male breadwinner model/Partnership model of marriage/Intra-Nordic co-operation


Melby, Kari, Anu Pylkkänen, Bente Rosenbeck and Christina Carlsson

Wetterberg. 2006. The Nordic Model of Marriage’. Women's History Review 15 (4) 651-661.

Equal partners, part-time workers&involved fathers


  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2012). From Work-Sharing Couples to Equal Parents. Changing Perspectives of Men and Gender Equality. In Maria Jansdotter Samuelsson, Clary Krekula, Magnus Åberg (eds), Gender and Change. Power, Politics and Everyday Practices (pp. 53–72). Karlstad: Karlstad University Press. ISBN 978-86637-05-7.

  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2011). How Men Became the Local Agents of Change towards Gender Equality (PDF). Journal of Gender Studies, 20(1), 3–18. doi:10.1080/09589236.2010.514210.

  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2010). Like Father, Like Son? The Transmission of Values, Family Practices and Work-Family Adaptations to Sons of Work-Sharing Men (PDF). Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research and Practice about Men as Fathers, 8(3), 276–299.

  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2010). Part-Time Work and the Career and Life Choices of the Men from the Work-Sharing Couples Study (PDF). Equality, Diversity and Inclusion29(6), 573–592.

  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2010). Den norske likedelingsmodellen – fra samfunnskritikk til hegemonisk styringsmodell (PDF) [The Norwegian model of gender equality – from social critique to hegemonic state steering]. Sosiologi i dag, 40(1–2), 35–56.

  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2009). Fathers and sons – gender socialization and intergenerational transmission revisited (PDF). NORMA – Nordic Journal for Masculinity Studies, 4(1), 83–102.

  • Bjørnholt, Margunn (2009). Norwegian Work-Sharing Couples Project 30 years later. Revisiting an experimental research project for gender equality in the family (PDF). Equal Opportunities International, 28(4), 304–323.

Class-based models of parenting


Stefansen, K. & Farstad, G.R. 2010 Classed parental practices in a modern welfare state: Caring for the under threes in Norway. Critical Social Policy, 30(1):120-141

Paternal quota

Reference: Cools, Sara, Fiva, Jon H and Mads Kirkebøen. 2010. The effects of paternity leave on parents and children. ESOP working papers 15 dec 2010

Critical perspectives/limits of gender equality

Melby, Kari. Anne Birte Ravn and Cristina Carlson Wettterberg 2009 Gender equality and welfare politics in Scandinavia. The limits of poltical ambition? Bristol: Polity Press

Magnsson, E., Rönnbløom, M. And H.Silius 2008 Critical studies of gender equalities. Nordic dislocations, dilemmas and contradictions. Göteborg: Makadam
Globalization, changing patterns in the organization of care and family work

Isaksen, Lise Widding (ed.) 2010. Global care work : gender and migration in Nordic societies. Nordic Academic Press

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