When writers explain a process, they can organize their information by cause and effect, compare and contrast, and main idea and supporting details. A cause is the reason why something happens. An effect is what happens as the result of a cause.
Directions: Fill in the two cause-and-effect chains to show why leaves turn color and why they fall.
An author’s purpose is the reason why he or she writes. An author may write to explain a process, to describe a scene, to reflect on an idea, or to do all three. An author may use scientific terms to explain a process or poetic diction and imagery to describe or reflect.
Directions: In the chart, write the author’s purpose for four paragraphs of the essay. Write details that support the purpose. One has already been done for you.
9.Evaluate Interpretations One critic has said that Ackerman’s nonfiction is “a creative blend of journalism, science, and poetry; it is her poetic vision that makes her nonfiction so successful.” Circle a word or phrase in parentheses, and then complete the sentence.