DUE ON FINALS DAY – DECEMBER 3, 2013, BEFORE THE EXAM.
“The Macroeconomist as Scientist and Engineer”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20 (4), Fall 2006, 29–46”
Start your paper by providing short summary and answer the following questions!
According to Mankiw, what potential contributions can macroeconomists make?
How does Mankiw distinguish between a macroeconomist fulfilling the role of scientist versus that of engineer? What is a macroeconomic scientist? What is a macroeconomic engineer
According to Mankiw, was the Keynesian revolution a scientific/engineering success?
What were the major developments in macroeconomics discussed in the article?
What are the main elements of the new neoclassical synthesis and which school of thought (early Keynesian, New Keynesian, New Classical) do they most reflect?
What were the key elements of the three waves of New-Keynesian research?
PART II: ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT CONTENT Your paper should offer thoughtful analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the various arguments, concluding with your judgment about which argument is the more persuasive.
The expectation is to see thoughtful analysis backed up by the facts of your research. To provide clarity and to avoid confusion, it is strongly recommended that you not use the personal pronoun “I” or the word “opinion” in the paper. Avoid including in your paper sentences such as, “It’s my personal feeling that …” Argue from facts and logical argument.
Take the time to spell check and have at least two reliable friends or classmates proofread your paper. One or more spelling errors in your paper will result in affecting your grade.
Font: Use Times New Roman, black ink, 12 pt. No other fonts, colors, or sizes are acceptable (with the exception of web addresses, which may be printed in blue). The paper must be at least three full pages long.
The essay must be typed, double-spaced, with 1” margins, on 8 ½” x 11” white paper. All citations must follow the format recommended by Kate Turabian or The Chicago Manual of Style. Additional Checklist:
Did you skip a line between paragraphs? Don’t.
Are any of your paragraphs longer than one page? They shouldn’t be.
Each paragraph should be treated as one cohesive whole. It should begin with a topic sentence and make a strong argument with well-placed details and sufficient evidence to support your thesis. When you shift to a new idea or topic, provide a smooth transition to the next paragraph.
Some Basic Do’s and Don’ts: Avoid references to undefined people and numbers, such as:
“Many people believe that war is a necessarily evil.”
Instead, be specific: “According to a Gallup poll, 80 percent of Americans believe that war is a necessary evil.”
Avoid “I,” “you,” and “we,” language:
“I believe that …”
“World War II should show you that pacifism is not realistic.”
“We all know that Ronald Reagan was the greatest president.”
Everything in your paper should be expressed and argued in standard English, and grammatically correct prose. Take a few minutes to review basic grammar before writing. Remind yourself of the definitions of a sentence and a paragraph.
Write clearly. Avoid jargon of all types. Use words that are in the dictionary and have stood the test of time.
Write with dignity. This is not to say that your writing need be stiff and lifeless. It is to say that you should avoid slang. “Given x and y, the outlook for the near future is z.” Avoid forms of the verb “to be” (is, are, were, etc.). Instead, use vigorous verbs that show action.
Write with confidence. If you are to argue a point in a paper, think through your argument, and then make your case. Avoid using the first person (e.g. I believe that...) and avoid using “seem” (e.g. Harlan seems to be saying ...). Never use the verb “feel” and avoid the term “values.” Such expressions make your writing far less forceful and convincing. Instead, prefer verbs showing action, such as argue, persuade, convince, etc. (Instead of “Harlan felt that ...” write “Harlan argued that...”).
HEADER, CITATIONS, AND BIBLIOGRAPHY Header(see last page):
Papers must be typed, double-spaced, pages numbered in the bottom center, and should be held together with a staple. No plastic/cardboard binding or cover of any kind is to be used. Do not use a cover page. Your first page should consist of the following: In the upper right hand corner type your name, Econ 202 – 03 and the date. The header (title/your name/etc.) is one of the few times when your paper should be single-spaced. Do not create a lot of space between the information in the right hand corner of the page and the title (see example on page 8). No computer-generated graphics, flags, pictures, or other decorations of any kind should appear anywhere in your paper.
If you cite any article, book or journal please follow the following structure. How many you use for background research to gain a firm understanding of the issue and end up not citing is up to you.
Newspapers and news magazines like Time, Newsweek, U.S. News are good places to start. Make yourself familiar with better search tools available through APU’s research website such as Academic Search Premiere, JSTOR, and EBSCOhost, and especially Lexis-Nexis, which can help you tailor your research. If you have any questions, the library reference staff is an invaluable resource for advice in using these tools.
To learn arguments for or against specific policies, use opinion magazines from Left and Right and their website search tools. On the Right try Townhall, The Weekly Standard, National Review, Human Events, Commentary. On the Left try The New Republic, American Prospect, The Nation, The Progressive, Tikkun, The Forum.
**Please note that Wikipedia, Wikimedia, or wiki anything are not considered a reputable source. You will also want to avoid Internet blogs. They are not considered a reputable academic source either.**
It is best to use footnotes whenever you use words, information, or ideas from another author. If you quote an author directly, use quotation marks in addition to a footnote. Papers should follow standard footnote form as set forth in Kate L. Turabian’s Students’ Guide for Writing College Papers or The Chicago Manual of Style. For additional information and samples, consult one of the many Internet sites on the subject, easily located by doing a search for “Turabian,” or go here: http://www.press.uchicago.edu/books/turabian/turabian_citationguide.html
Important: Many of these websites will show sample footnotes (marked N for Note) alongside sample bibliographic entries (marked B for Bibliography). Make sure you follow the style for Notes.
Use footnotes whenever you quote or refer to a specific point in the speech. MS Word and similar programs include an “insert reference” command that makes the whole process simple. Remember that the proper order of punctuation, when footnoting a quote at the end of a sentence, is as follows: period, quotation mark, footnote #. Example:
As Abraham Lincoln said in his address at Gettysburg, this nation was “conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.”3 Note that the footnote number is always placed at the end of the sentence, not simply at the end of a phrase in the middle of a sentence.
The first time in your paper that you quote or refer to a newspaper, magazine, or article, you should have a footnote that looks like this:
1Jesse Jackson, “Why Americans Need Tax Reform,” Atlantic Monthly 287, no. 3 (January 12, 2001), 34.
Note that the first line of the footnote is indented about half an inch with the number. This you should do not with the Tab key, but by placing your cursor anywhere in the footnote, and dragging the top triangle on the ruler at the top of the screen. Typically MS Word will format this automatically.
For citations to the same source immediately following and on the same page, use Ibid., an
abbreviated form of the Latin word ibidem, meaning “the same” (that is, the same as the one immediately before).
2 Ibid., 45.
For citations to the same source on the same page, use Ibid. with no page number. On subsequent pages, your first reference to a source you’ve cited before is a shortened form:
4 Jackson, 43.
For citations to the same source, immediately following, use Ibid. as above.
Citing an internet source:
Any internet source should have a clearly identifiable title. Many will have a clear author as well. If the article or source you are citing has an author and title, provide that information first, just as you would for a printed source. Provide the web address, followed by the date you accessed the article on the internet.
5 Phil Rosenthal, “The ANWR Debate.” Chicago Sun-Times, 23, Section 2 (May 1999), 31. http://www.newsbank.com (accessed January 1, 2010).
6 “Algeria.” World Factbook. 1999. Internet on-line. Available from Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs, http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html (accessed January 1, 2010).
Footnotes should be single-spaced at the bottom of the page, though you can add a little space by working with Format, Paragraph, Line Spacing, Before and After. They must be in Times New Roman font, 10 pt.
Citing an online database:
The library has a number of online databases and search engines you may use, such as JSTOR, Proquest, EBSCOhost, Academic Search Premier. When you utilize these databases for articles, provide the following information in your footnote, including the date you accessed the material:
Peter Grier, Chaddock, Gail Russell, and Abraham McLaughlin, “A Constitution strained but intact,” Christian Science Monitor 93, no. 13 (December 12, 2000), 1.
Available at Proquest (accessed January 1, 2010).
Use quotations sparingly, preferably just three or four times in your paper. When you quote fewer than five lines (as it would appear in your paper), use quotation marks; if more than five lines, make a block quote by indenting the quote an inch on each side, single space, justify, and do not use quotation marks.
Avoid stand alone quotes:
“There is no way to end the welfare state.”
Instead, use a lead-in: Mead argues that “there is no way to end the welfare state.”
Include at the end of your paper a bibliography, listing alphabetically by author’s last name, all sources you consulted in researching the paper. Do not number the entries. Proper Turabian format for the bibliography requires you to only indent the second, third, fourth, etc. lines, not the first line. Bibliography sources should be single spaced.
Gascoigne, Bamber. “The History of Sparta.” HistoryWorld, 2001. Available at www.historyworld.net/wrldhisPlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ac44 (accessed January 1, 2010).
Schlessinger, Arthur M. Jr. The Imperial Presidency. New York: Houghton
Mifflin Company, 2004.
Yoo, John. The Powers of War and Peace: The Constitution and Foreign Affairs
after 9/11. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2006.
When you have sources that have no author, they need to be put in alphabetical order after the sources that do have authors.
PLAGIARISM Plagiarism is defined as using the words or ideas of another person without indicating their source, thus pretending that they are your own. Plagiarism is still plagiarism whether it is intentional or not. Any form of plagiarism will result in an automatic zero for the paper.
The good news is that plagiarism is easy to avoid by using quotation marks when using the exact words of another, and citing the source of authors whose ideas you use. When in doubt, cite the source. You will not incur a penalty for citing an idea or information that may not need it.
HELPFUL TIPS FOR A SUCCESSFUL PAPER
Get started early. A last minute paper is prone to costly, but easily preventable mistakes.
Follow the research paper prompt. Make sure you have addressed each element that is required.
Read your paper out loud. Spell check it beyond running the spell check in MS Word. Have at least two people read your final paper (preferably those who are in the class and are familiar with the grading rubric). Make use of the writing center at the library.
Please note that points will be deducted for having an incomplete paper. An incomplete paper is one that is not at least 3 full pages double spaced. For each page that is missing, your paper will be reduced by a full letter grade.