Ap human geography

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Period: ___________________

Chapter 1 Study Guide

True/False: Place a T for true and an F for false. Correct any false statements.

1) Distribution refers to the arrangement of observable phenomena across Earth.
2) The frequency of a phenomenon in a given study area is known as density.
3) Parallels converge at the North and South Poles.
4) The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians is called latitude.
5) For each 15° change in longitude, time changes by one hour.
6) A high degree of dispersion within an area indicates high density.
7) A new piece of land created by draining the area is called a polder.
8) Geographers reject environmental determinism for possibilism.
9) The communication revolution that promotes globalization of culture also permits preservation of cultural diversity.
10) Globalization of the economy has led to more specialization at the local level.
11) Every map projection distorts the surface of Earth in some way.
12) Regions are found only where physical and economic characteristics are strongly related.
13) Density measures the amount of something per unit of area on Earth's surface.
14) The spread of a new fashion first in large cities, and later to smaller towns is an example of expansion diffusion.
15) The idea that the physical environment limits human actions but that people have the ability to adjust to that environment is called possibilism.
SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question on your paper.

16) List the four ways to indicate location.

a. _______________________ c.__________________________________
b._________________________ d. ____________________________
17) Oxford, Ohio, is located five miles east of the Indiana state line and thirty-five miles northwest of Cincinnati. This is an example of which of the four ways of indicating location?
18) The frequency of a phenomenon over a given study area is defined as ________.
19) Assume that the scale of a map is 1:24,000. This means that one INCH on the ________ represents ________ FEET on the ________.

20) Written scale and Representative fraction are two ways to express map scale. What is the third way to indicate scale?

21) If someone said that people living in the desert are lazy because of the intense heat, this would be an example of what geographic approach?
If someone said that human occupation is limited in the desert because of intense heat, but that humans have adapted to living in the desert through the use of air conditioning, this would be an example of what geographic approach?
22) What are the three kinds of regions that geographers identify?


d. The signal area of radio station WOXY is an example of which of these three kinds of regions? ________
23) Geographers draw two types of lines (or arc) on maps to indicate location. The lines (or arcs) drawn between the North and South Poles are known as ________.
The circles drawn parallel to the equator are known as ________.
24) Which two of the following four boxes has the highest density of dots?

a. A, B

b. B, C

c. C, D

d. A, D
Which two have the highest concentration of dots?

a. A, C

b. B, D

c. A, B

d. C, D

ESSAY. Choose any 2 to answer on a separate sheet of paper if there is not enough room on this one. Be able to answer all of them, though.

25) If there were no maps, could geography exist as a discipline? Why or why not?

26) Discuss the concept of a region in geography.
27) Place dots indicating the place where you live, the place where you work or go to school, and one other place you visit frequently. Draw lines that indicate the routes you take to move between these three places. Use this map to illustrate the important concepts of spatial analysis.

28) What are the main differences between the environmental determinist and possibilist approaches?

29) What are the important properties of distribution?

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