This unit will provide the student with an understanding of the anatomy, range of motion, manual muscle tests and special tests, as well as prevention and treatment of the ankle joint.
Adam Freeman Students with Disabilities:
For students with disabilities, the instructor should refer to the student's IEP to be sure that the accommodations specified are being provided appropriately. Instructors should also familiarize themselves with the provisions of Behavior Intervention Plans that may be part of a student's IEP. Frequent consultation with a student's special education instructor will be beneficial in providing appropriate differentiation. Many students (both with and without disabilities) who struggle with reading may benefit from the use of text reading software or other technological aids to provide access to printed materials. Many of these are available at little or no cost on the internet.
GPS Focus Standards:
HS-PPM-12: Students will analyze the anatomy, muscular structure, vascular structure, ROM, MMT and special tests, as well as prevention and treatment of the ankle joint.
a. Identify and locate the bones associated with the ankle joint on either a human skeleton or subject.
b. Identify and locate the muscle origins and insertions of the foot and ankle joint on either a human skeleton or subject.
c. Demonstrate muscle actions associated with the foot and ankle joint.
d. Identify the primary blood vessels and nerves that innervate the foot and ankle joint.
e. Administer PROM and AROM tests special to the foot and ankle joint.
f. Administer MMT specific to the foot and ankle joint.
g. Identify specific types of injuries that occur to the foot and ankle.
h. Define the proper evaluation procedures and special tests specific to injuries associated with the foot and ankle.
i. Identify and demonstrate proper preventative techniques to the foot and ankle joint.
j. Utilize proper treatment techniques specific to the foot and ankle joint.
k. Participate in mock examinations and practical simulations.
GPS Academic Standards:
SAP1:Students will analyze anatomical structures in relationship to their physiological functions.
a. Apply correct terminology when explaining the orientation of body parts and regions.
b. Investigate the interdependence of the various body systems to each other and to the body as a whole.
SAP2:Students will analyze the interdependence of the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems as these relate to the protection, support and movement of the human body.
a. Relate the structure of the integumentary system to its functional role in protecting the body and maintaining homeostasis.
b. Explain how the skeletal structures provide support and protection for tissues, and function together with the muscular system to make movements possible.
Accurate knowledge of ankle anatomy, assessment and treatment is valuable to maintaining a high quality of life. Students will use this knowledge as they mature as it pertains to their own physical abilities as well as the functional anatomy of those around them.
•What might be some structural problems that might affect the performance of the ankle joint?
Which muscle groups are the most important when rehabilitating an ankle injury?
Why are inversion sprains more common than eversion sprains?
What are the motions performed at the ankle joint and which muscles are responsible for them?
What is the importance of the peroneal muscle group in the rehabilitative process of the ankle?
What are the main bones that make up the ankle joint?
Compare and contrast some common foot and ankle injuries.
What are the common vascular structures of the ankle?
Which nerves innervate the muscles of the ankle?
What is the difference between a Passive Range of Motion(PROM) and Active Range of Motion (AROM)?
What is the purpose of performing a manual muscle test of the ankle?
What is a typical mechanism of injury for the ankle?
What are some common special tests that would be used to evaluate an ankle injury?
What are some common areas that you should palpate when examining the ankle joint?
Knowledge from this Unit:
•Recall and locate the bones associated with the ankle joint on either a human skeleton or subject.
• Identify and locate the muscle origins and insertions of the ankle joint on either a human skeleton or subject.
Provide specific types of injuries that occur to the ankle.
Skills from this Unit:
Students will be able to:
Demonstrate muscle actions associated with the ankle joint.
Administer Passive Range of Motion (PROM) and Active Range of Motion (AROM) tests special to the ankle joint.
Administer MMT specific to the ankle joint.
Demonstrate special test of the ankle joint.
Assessment Method Type:
Objective assessment - multiple-choice, true- false, etc.