CIVIL SERVICE EXAM 2009 23.10. 2009 G. S.(Mains) Paper I 1. Critically analyze any two of the following statements with reference to the context in which they were made (in about 150 words each) 15×2=30
a) “Many Englishmen honesty consider themselves the trustees for India and yet to what a condition they have reduced our country”.
b) “The Foreign power will be withdrawn but for me real freedom will come only when we free ourselves of the dominance of western education , western culture and western way of living which have been ingrained in us”.
c) “Satan cannot enter till he finds a flaw ……. A great ocean separate us educated few from the millions in ourcountry”.
2. Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each) 2×10=20
a) King Nongbah b) Maski c) Govind Guru d) ‘ Brahmadeya ’ e) ‘ Egmore Faction’
f) ‘ Haileybury College g) Ijara System h) Taji Mideren i) Gurudwara Reform Movement
j) ‘ Marumakkathayam’
3. Answer any four of the following questions (in about 150words each) 15×4=60
a) Assess the significance of coastal regions in the economic development of India.
b) Discuss the wetlands and their role in the ecological conservation in India.
c) Elaborate the steps taken by the Government for regionally differentiated approach to increase crop production and diversification in the country.
d) Bring out the Significance of the various activities of the Indian Metrological Department.
e) Examine the status of urbanization among the states in India and bring out spatial inequalities.
4. Write about the following (not exceeding 30 words each) 3×10=30
a) ‘ Bhuvan Website ‘b) National Waterways c) Ultra Mega Power Projects d) NNRMS
e) BSUP Scheme f) Gagan Project g) Fruit Production in India h) Section 377 of IPC
i) ‘ Wherebouts clause of WADA” j) Barren Island
5. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 100 words each) 10×2=20
a) Analyse India’s achievements in the sports sectors during 2008-2009.
b) List the salient features of the important folk dances of either Central India or Northern Eastern India.
c) What are the important similarities and difference between the Hindustani and the Carnatic Styles of Classic music?
6. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each) 15×2=30
a) What are your views on the features and impact of Domestic Violence Act, 2005?
b) Are the traditional determinants of voting behavior in India changing? Examine in the context of last General Elections.
c) Examine corruption as a serious development challenge in Indian Polity.
7. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each) 15×2=30
a) Mushrooming of Higher Educational Institutions was a matter of grave concern for Yashpal Committte. With
reference to the relevant portion of that report give your views how to harmonise private investment and quality of
b) In the changing context of governance in the country, what should be the role of the UPSC?
c) In the Context of recent incidents, suggest measures on how security of passengers and property can be improved
over Indian railways.
8. Answer any one of the following questions (in about 250 words each) 30
a) Comment on the salient features of the Integrated Energy Policy recently approved by the government and its
implication on the energy security needs of the country.
b) How far has impact of the global meltdown been reflected in the Economic Survey 2008-09? Identify some of the core areas given priority to neutralize the adverse effects of the global downturn.
9. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each) 15×2=30
a) Trace the significance steps in the evolution of Television in the country.
b) The Last National Family Health Survey (NFHS) displayed a very dismal picture of nutrition as regards
several indicators for average Indians. Highlights the salient aspects of this problem.
c) ‘ As we live in a plural society we need the greatest freedom to expresss our opinions even if others find it
offensive’ – Do you agree ? Discuss with reference to some recent incidents in the Indian context.
10. Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each) 2×10=20
a) Desert National Park b) Significance of 26th November in the Country’s Polity
b) Your view on the recent ‘ Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009’
c) Wakhan Corridor
d) Nuclear Submarine ‘ Arihant’
e) National Security Advisory Board (NSAB)
3. Comment on any two of the following in about 100 words 2×10=20
a) India – USA as strategic partners b) Ethnic conflict in South Asia c) ‘ NEPAD’ and its objectives
4. Write on any two of the following in about 50 words each. 2×5=10
a) Indo-Bhutan trade relations b) Sino Myanmar relations c) Geopolitics and Geostrategy
5. Comment critically on any one of the following statements in not more than 200 words: 20
a) “ Foreign investment is far from being critical to India’s economic growth”
b) “ The Lesson of current global financial crisis is that India should halt and may be even reverse financial liberalization”.
6. Answer any one of the following in about 200 words : 20
a). “ In the WTO negotiations over the years of the DOHA Rounds , India appears to be diluting its stand on agriculture
issues to pursue perceived gains in services”. Critically examine this statements.
b). Discuss the Indo – US Knowledge initiative in Agriculture.
7. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each) 15×2=30
a) Evaluate the prospects for greater economic cooperation between India & China.
b) Does India need the world Bank ?
c) Critically assesses the recent Free Trade Agreement entered into by India with ASEAN.
8. Answer any three of the following questions (in about 150 words each) 3 ×15=45
a) What do you understand by ‘Biosignatures’? Discuss briefly.
b) Write about Green Florescence Protein ( GFP ) and its application.
c) Define ‘ Bioinformatics’ . How does it work ? What is the major branches and applications ?
d) What is the ‘ Hubble Space Telescope’ ? How many Service Mission (SMs) have been conducted for it ?
9. Explain any four of the following (100 words each) 4 ×10=40
a) DNA Finger Printing and its utility.
b) What is ‘Nanotech’. Give a brief account of its basic concepts, material used and applications.
c) What is ‘ Graphene’? Mention at least three of its applications.
d) Define ‘ optical frequency comb’ . Suggest at least three applications.
e) Why is Tele-medicine important for country like India?
10. Write brief notes on any five of the following ( in about 30 words each): 5 ×13=15
a) Artificial Sun b) ‘ Vegetable Gold’
c) PFCs and ‘ liquid breathing’ d) The ‘ P- 8 A Poseidon’
e) Biometric ATMs f) Extra Vehicle Activity ( EVA)
11. a). The total areas of cultivation of high, medium and low sugar content, sugarcanes in four regions of a state are given below :
Content North South East West
High 100 100 200 50
Medium 300 300 400 250
Low 800 400 1000 700
Total 1200 800 1600 1000
Draw suitable diagram that facilitates the comparison of areas of cultivation of different sugar content varieties among the four regions 6
b). The following table gives the production of soda ash ( in tons) by three companies ( A , B and C ) over seven years period :
Company 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
A 20 25 28 31 34 36 41
B 15 18 23 35 40 46 50
C 45 43 40 37 30 26 20
Draw a suitable diagram so as to compare the performance of these companies. 6
c). The following date relate to the sales and net profit ( in Rupees Crores) of a company : 4
Years 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99
Sales 100 250 300 290 680
Net Profits 2.5 4.5 6 8.5 12
i). In which year the percentage of growth in sales, relative to the previous year is higher?
ii). In which year the percentage of growth in net profit , relative to the previous year , is higher?
iii). Let the probability be defined as the ratio of Net Profit to sales. In which Year the profitability is higher ?
d). The Total sales ( in ‘000 rupees ) of a particular item in shop ,on 10 consecutive days , is reported by a clerk as follows : 5
35.00 29.60 38.00 30.00 40.00
41.00 42.00 45.00 3.60 3.80
Later it was found that reports of the 4th and 8th days were 10.00 more than the true values and that in the last two days the clerk put a decimal wrongly one place to the left ( for example , 3.60 was really 36.0 ). Calculate the true mean value of sale
12.a). In a factory , 1500 women are working . Eight hundred of them come from rural areas and 450 of the married women are skill labourers. The number of skilled , rural and married labourers is 300. of the 400 unmarried and skilled women labourers , 250 are from urban areas. The number of married , semi skill women labouers from urban areas is 200. One hundred married rural women are semi skilled labourers.
Tabulate the above information. 4
b). The mean score of a class in an examination is 70. If the mean score of boys is 60 and that of girls is 75, obtain the
percentage of girls in the class. 4
c). In a city 20% people read newspaper A , 25% people read B and 10% read both A and B . What is the percentage of people who read at least one of the two newspapers ? 2
d). In order to study the effect of inoculation on TB , It was found that the number of inoculated and unaffected from TB is 28. and not inoculated and affected from TB is 13. If inoculation was performed over 40 persons out of 60 persons, complete the table and obtain the missing numbers. 2
e). The percentage of literates six villages of an area are noted as follows : 2
52 , 46 , 21 , 30 , 17 , 24
Can compute the percentage of literates in the entire area from this information ? If yes , compute the percentage. If no , state what additional information you would need for computation.
UPSC-IAS : ESSAY – 2009 ( 24 Oct ) Write an Essay on any one of the following topics:
1.Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death?
2.Are we a ‘Soft ’ state ?
3.“The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society”.
4.“ Good Fences make good neighbors”
5.‘ Globlisation’ vs. ‘ Nationalism’
2008 General Studies (Main) Paper I 1.Answer any two of the following (in about 150 words each):15 x 2 =30
a) “The emergence of new social classes in British India was the direct consequence of the establishment of new social economy, new state system, administrative machinery and Western education”. Discuss
b) “British vision of India had no single coherent set of ideas. On the contrary, the ideas were shot through with contradictions and inconsistencies”. Discuss
c) “Non-Cooperation Movement gave new direction and energy to the National Movement”. Explain.
2.Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each): 2 x 15 =30
6. Write about the following (answer to each question in about 20 words): 5 x 2 = 10
a) Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) b) NAMA
c) Non-tariff trade barriers d) Current Account Balance
e) Free Trade Area
7. Write on any one of the following (answer in about 150 words): 15
a) South-South Cooperation b) Universal Declaration of Human Rights
8. Briefly write about the following (answer to each question should be in about 20 words): 5 x 2 = 10
a) Look East Policy and North-East India b) India at the Beijing Olympics
c) India’s role in Afganisthan Today d) IPCC Report on Global Warming
e) Indo-EU Economic Ties
9. Briefly write about the following (answer to each question should be in about 20 words): 5 x 2 = 10
a) G.C.C. b) G-77
c) I.C.R.C. d) MERCOSUR
10.Answer any one of the following (in about 250 words): 30
a) In what way ‘Medical Biotechnology’ and ‘Bioengineering’ are useful for technological development on India?
b) What do you know about Indian National Satellite Systems? Describe its important features.
11.Explain any three of the following (in about 150 words each): 3 x 15 = 45
a) Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) b) Spintronics
c) Wifi d) Components of Robots
12.Write brief notes on all the five (in about 20 words each) below: 5 x 2 = 10
a) Copyright and Trade-mark b) TIFAC
c) Aspartame d) Gene doping
13. (a) The principal exports of India for the financial year 2001-2002 are given in the following table:
Export (Rs. Crores)
Agriculture and allied products
Ores and minerals
Fuels and lubricants
Represent the above data by a suitable diagram and comment on the export performance of the country. 6
(b) Prior to constructing a dam on a river the engineers performed a series of tests to measure the water flow at the proposed location of the dam. The results of the testing were used to construct the following frequency distribution.
Water flow (Thousands of gallons per minute)
Construct an appropriate diagram to estimate what proportion of the flow occurs at less than 1300 thousands of gallons per minute. Give the estimate. 6
14. (a) A company files its sales vouchers according to their sales value so that they fall in four strata. Two hundred vouchers are received on a business day. The information is listed in the following table:
Number of vouchers
Mean value (Rs)
Rs.800 but under Rs.1000
Rs.400 but under Rs.800
Less than Rs.400
Calculate the mean value and the total value of the vouchers received by the company on the day in question. Use the histogram to estimate the modal value of the vouchers. 6
b) A trip to a destination is made in the following way:
900 kms by train at an average speed of 60 kms/hr
3000 kms by plane at an average speed of 500kms/hr
400 kms by boat at an average speed of 25 kms/hr
15 kms by taxi at an average speed of 45 kms/hr
What is the average speed for the entire journey? 6
15. (a) A hotel owner has nine refreshment stalls located at various points in a large compound. He wants to make one of the stalls as a supply place such that amount of travel between the stalls and the source of supply is minimized. He has to visit all stalls almost equal number of times with a view to supplying the refreshment stuff everyday. The distances of stalls from the first stall are 250, 500, 650, 800, 850, 910, 940 and 1000 yards respectively. Which stall should he choose to use as the supply place? Give reason in favor of your answer. 2
b) In a statistical investigation of 1003 families of a city, it was found that 63 families had neither a radio nor a TV, 794 families had a radio and 187 had a TV. How many families of the city selected in the sample had both? 2
c) The mean monthly income of a person is Rs.18190/- and his mean monthly expenditure comes out to be Rs.17930/- What is his average monthly saving? 2
2007 General Studies (Main) Paper I Q.1 Answer any one of the following questions (in about 250 words): 30
(a) What was the character of socio-religious reforms in the 19th Century and how did
they contribute to the national awakening in India?
(b) The crisis of the colonial order during 1919 and 1939 was directly linked to the constitutional reforms, disillusionment and militant anti-colonial struggles. Elucidate.
Q.2 Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each) 15×2 = 30
(a) What are the salient features of the Government of India Acts of 1858 and 1909?
(b) Do you think Mahatma Gandhi's support to Khilafat Movement had diluted his secular credentials? Give your argument based on the assessment of events.
(c) Evaluate the contribution of revolutionary terrorism represented by Bhagat Singh to the cause of India's struggle for independence.
Q.3 Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each): 2×15 = 30
(a) Age of Sangam Literature (b) Bhakti
(c) Ashtadhyayi of Panini (d) Charvekas
(e) Ajivikas (f) Gandhara Art
(g) Mlechchhs (h) Lingayats
(i) Megasthenes (j) R. C. Dutt
(k) Nagarjunakonda (l) Pastoralism
(m) Rudramadevi (n) Sati
Q.4 Answer any two of the following questions (in about 125 words each): 10×2= 20
(a) Explain how the Himalayan and the Tibetan highlands play an important role in
the development of the South-West monsoon.
(b) Technological changes have brought in a major shift in the use of roads as transport corridors in India. How far do you agree with this view?
(c) Explain the nature and causes of growing slum problems in the metropolitan
cities of India.
Q.5 Write notes on the following (in about 20 words each): 2×5 = 10
(a) Special Economic Zone (SEZ)
(d) Indira Point
(e) Causes of Chambal Ravines
Q.6 Answer any one of the following questions (in about 250 words) : 30
(a) What is a Constitution? What are the main sources of the Indian Constitution?
(b) Bring out the differences between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive
Principles of State Policy. Discuss some of the measures taken by the Union and
State Governments for the implementation of the Directive Principles of State Policy.
Q.7 Answer any one of the following questions (in about 250 words) : 30
(a) What is Regionalism? In which way regionalism has affected the Indian polity?
(b) What are the main determinants of voting behaviour in India?
Q.8.Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words) : 15×2 = 30
(a) What are the exceptions when the President of India is not bound by the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers?
(b) What is pro tem Speaker?
(c) Under what circumstances, Parliament may legislate on State subjects?
Q.9 Answer the following questions (in about 20 words each) : 2×5 = 10
(a) What is criminalization of politics?
(b) How is the President of India elected?
(c) What is casting vote?
(d) What is the difference between Council of Ministers and Cabinet?
(e) What is the importance of Right to Constitutional Remedies?
Q.10 Answer any one of the following questions (in about 250 words) : 30
Q.5 Answer any two of the following (answer to each question should be in about 150
words) 15×2 = 30
(a) What is the meaning and aim of Social Forestry? What are the main weaknesses noticed in Social Forestry Programme?
(b) Bring out the main objectives of Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana. The scheme is being implemented by which agency?
(c) Explain Mega Food Park Scheme of Government of India.
Q.6 Write about the following (answer to each question should be in about 20 words)
2×15 = 30
(a) Explain the term Merit Goods
(b) What is Cheap Money?
(c) What is Countervailing Duty?
(d) What is Hot Money?
(e) Explain the Concept Trickle Down Theory
(f) What is Stagflation?
(g) What is Engel's Law?
(h) Meaning of CCIL
(i) What is Administered Price?
(j) What is Venture Capital?
(k) Explain the tern Balance on Current Account
(l) What is Consolidated Fund?
(m) What is Budget Deficit?
(n) Explain the term Most Favoured Nations
(o) Meaning of Capital-Output Ratio
Q.7 Write about any two of the following (in about 250 words each): 15×2 = 30
(a) Impact of globalization on state system and its institutions
(b) SAARC Summit 2007
(c) The UN conference on Environment and Development (The Earth Summit)
Q.8 Write about the following (in about 20 words each) : 2×5 = 10
(a) G-8 Summit 2007
(b) Hyde Act of 2006
(c) Global Governance
(d) Operation Silence
(e) SAARC Human Rights Report 2006
Q.9 Write about the following by expending and explaining the objectives (in about
20 words each) : 2×5 = 10
(a) ICT4D (b) BEMs
(c) IAEA (d) BIMSTEC
Q.10 Answer any one of the following in about 250 words : 30
(a) Explain the phenomenon of ozone depletion, its causes and effects. What efforts are needed to reduce it?
(b) What do you understand by the term 'biodiversity'? Examine the causes and consequences of degeneration of biodiversity.
Q.11 Answer any two of the following (answer for each question should be in about 150 words): 15×2 = 30
(a) What are the alternative fuels available for the transport sector? Discuss their characteristics, advantages and disadvantages in their utilization.
(b) Explain the objectives and the current achievements of human genome project.
(c) Discuss the missile technology initiatives undertaken by India.
Q.12 Answer al the five (in about 20 words each) 2×5 = 10
(a)What is firewall?
(b)What is malware?
(c) What do the following stand for?
(i) MPEG (ii) ISP (iii) HTML (iv) ASCII
(d) What is Root kit?
(e) What is computer architecture?
Q.13(a) In the year 2000 out of a total 1750 workers of a factory 1200 workers were members of a union. The number of women employed was 200 of which 175 did not belong to the union. In 2005, the number of union workers increased to 1510 of which 1290 were men. On the other hand the number of non union workers fell down to 208 of which 180 were men. 8
(i) Put the above information in a proper table with title.
(ii) Calculate the increase in the percentage of the female workers belonging to the union in that five year period.
(b) The marks obtained by 20 students in a subject are given:
32, 62, 72, 46, 52, 74, 53, 42, 58, 61, 59,
46, 36, 76, 58, 77, 62, 48, 36, 39.
Form a frequency distribution table with class interval 10. Also draw the histogram.
Q.14 (a) For the following distribution of statistics test grades, construct a frequency polygon and answer the following : 8
(i) How many test grades are greater than 87?
(ii) What percentage of test grades are greater than 83?
(iii) What percentage of test grades are lower that 72?
(iv)What percentage of lest grades are between 72 and 79 (inclusive)?
73, 92, 57, 89, 70, 95, 75, 80, 47, 48,
64, 86, 79, 72, 71, 77, 93, 55, 75, 50,
53, 75, 85, 50, 82, 45, 40, 82, 60, 55,
60, 89, 79, 65, 54, 93, 60, 83, 59.
(b) Construct an appropriate diagram to show the following data of a University: 8
Course No. of students
Home Science 80
Total 920 Q.15 (a) What do you understand by 2
(b) The mean wage of 100 labourers working in a factory running two shifts of 60
and 40 workers respectively is Rs. 38. The mean wage of 60 labourers working in the morning shift is Rs. 40. Find the mean wage of 40 labourers working in the evening shift. 2
(c) The mean age of group of 5 boys is 16 years. Another boy joins the group and
then the mean age of the group becomes 18 years. How old is newcomer? 2
(d) Arithmetic means of two completely different sets of values may be same. When extreme values are taken into consideration, the arithmetic mean is largely affected. Is it merit or demerit of arithmetic mean and give reasons for your statement.
2006 General Studies (Main) Paper I
1. Answer anyone of the following (in about 250 words) : 30
(a) Regardless of distance in time, there were lots of similarities between Lord Curzon and Jawahar Lal Nehru. Discuss.
(b) How did the Government of India Act, 1935 mark a point of no return in the history of constitutional development in India?
2. Answer any two of the following (in about 150 words each): 2x15=30
(a) What was the attitude of Indian Industrialist towards the Indian National Congress in the pre-independent era?
(b) Critically assess Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru's views on Indian Nationalism.
(c) Characterize the main features of Indian Renaissance.
3. Write about the following (not exceeding 20 words each): 15x2=30
a) Kallhana b) Panini
c) Yakshagana d) Natyasastra
e) Tabaqat-I-Nasiri f) Madhura Vijayam
g) Pandurang Mahatmya h) Prithviraj Raso
i) "The Insider" j) Ali Sardar Jafri
k) Aruna Roy. l) Dr J.C. Daniel
m) Balwant Gargi n) Dr. Jayant Narlikar
o) Shashi Tharoor
4. Answer any two of the following (in about 125 words each) : 2xlO=20
a) Bring out the prospects of development of alternative energy sources of India.
b) Blue Revolution has definite advantages in India but it is not free from environmental impacts. Discuss.
c) Why do the rivers of west coast not form a delta?
5. Write notes on the following (in about 20 words each) : 5x2=10
a) Mixed economy b) Winter rains in India
c) New Moore Island d) National Water Grid
e) Hussain Sagar
6. Answer anyone of the following questions (in about 250 words) : 30
a) What is right to life and personal liberty? How have the courts expanded its meaning in recent years?
b) On what grounds can a member be disqualified from either House of Parliament?
7. Answer any one of the following questions (in about 250 words) : 30
a) What is the 'strategic partnership' between India and United States of America? What are its implications for both the partners?
b) Discuss economic backwardness as a major challenge of Indian democracy. Can democracy and development go together smoothly?
8. Answer any two of the following questions (in about 150 words each): 2x15=30.
a) How would you differentiate between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and of an Ordinary Legislative Bill?
b) How does the Inter-State Council establish co-ordination between States?
c) Is the High- Courts' power to issue 'writs' wider than that of the Supreme Court of India?
9. Answer the following questions (in about 20 words each) : 5x2=10