Writing Essays for the ap world History Exam



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Writing Essays for the AP World History Exam

  • Document Based Question
  • DBQ Topics 2002-2014:
  • 2002- Compare Muslim and Christian attitudes toward merchants
  • over time.
  • 2003- analyze the cause and consequences of 19th century indentured
  • servitude
  • 2004- Analyze the responses to the spread of Buddhism in China
  • 2005- Analyze 20th Century issues Muslim leaders in South Asia
  • and Northern Africa in defining their nationalism
  • 2006- Analyze the social and economic effects of the Global flow
  • of silver from mid sixteenth through the early eighteenth C.
  • 2007- Analyze Rome and Han attitudes toward technology
  • 2008- Analyze factors which shaped the modern olympics movement
  • 1892-2002
  • 2009- Analyze African actions and reactions to European imperialism
  • in response to the Berlin Conference ( scramble for Africa)
  • 2010- Analyze similarities and differences with regard to mechanism
  • of textile industries in Japan and India 1880’2-1930’s
  • 2011- Analyze the causes and consequences of the Green Revolution 1
  • 1945- Present
  • 2012- Analyze the relationship between politics and cricket in South Asia
  • from 1880-2005
  • 2013- Analyze connections between regional issues and European struggles for global
  • power in the mid-eighteenth century.
  • 2014- evaluate the role of the CCP and Chinese peasants
  • 2015- Analyze responses to influenza in the early 20th century.

Document Based Question

  • Know the rubric
  • Quickly tackle the documents to look for categories to form your thesis
  • Draft your thesis and note your groups
  • Draft your issue sentences (list the possible documents that relate to this issue)
  • Find your evidence (from the documents)
  • Make a quick list of the documents or devise a manner to determine when you have used all of the documents
  • Tackle your documents again for POV (a 3rd time)
  • Finish your outline, THEN write your essay

Rubric

  • You can score 9 points on the DBQ.
  • You can score 7 points on the Core.
  • In you earn all 7 points on the core, you might be able to earn 2 bonus points.
  • Don’t worry about the expanded core as it will be there if you follow the steps to writing the DBQ

Thesis

  • If you don’t have a thesis or you have a really bad one it could cost you THREE points.

EVERY DOCUMENT must be mentioned at least ONE time in your essay.

  • EVERY DOCUMENT must be mentioned at least ONE time in your essay.
  • You cannot “double-dip” for document points (besides mentioning them). You must use documents more than once for it to count more than once.
  • Understanding means you interpret it correctly (discuss/analyze it).
  • You then use the document as evidence.
  • To get points for grouping, you only need to put it in a group.

Specific question:

  • Start with thesis…
  • If it includes dates, they are important – You must make your points inside the time frame. You can mention events outside the time frame but these will not get points.
  • Should include the dates in the thesis statement
  • Factors: Identify the time period or region or even the issue and you might have some clues.
  • Start with systems (Social, Political, Economic, Cultural, Educational, and even Technology, Intellectual or Religious issues) then narrow down the issues within this system.
  • READ THE DOCS AND PULL OUT COMMON THEMES, CONCEPTS AND WRITE THEM AROUND EACH DOCUMENT

Attack the documents and look for issues and factors and common themes. That will shape your thesis. Fine tune the issues and factors by creating narrow categories

  • Factors, factors?
  • PEACE or nationalism???

Another

  • Factors…factors…
  • Nationalism or the economy!! Notice you might be able to use document in several categories

Continue identifying factors & issues

  • Oh… this is also about making money – economics – earnings, profits, etc…2 documents make a group.

Thesis

  • Think of your thesis in three parts…
  • Answer the question that is asked in one sentences (this is your argument and what you assert).
  • Indicate the grouping and categories that you will use to address the question. You will have more groups than just 3 – more later.
  • Define your categories as to what you will address in each group (especially if it is a very broad category) by narrowing the category using words like type (of profits) methods (of earnings)
  • Leave space around thesis so that as you write you can place new phrases or alter the thesis based on what you proved

Thesis

  • The initial goal of the modern Olympics planned in 1892 was to promote world peace, but from 1892 to 2002 issues such as corporate profit, the rise of nationalism and feminism, as well as cold war issues that required the demonstration of political and military power influenced the individual and overall goals of late 19th and 20th century Olympics.
  • One sentence and preferably at the end of the 1st paragraph.

Improve this to get points

This also need tweaking

These are historical INFORMATIVE essays and the only thing that matters is if you use evidence to support your argument.

  • These are historical INFORMATIVE essays and the only thing that matters is if you use evidence to support your argument.
  • You must make an assertion then prove your assertion

Application

  • The initial goal of the modern Olympics planned in 1892 was to promote world peace, but from 1892 to 2002 issues such as corporate profit, the rise of nationalism and feminism, as well as cold war issues that required the demonstration of political and military power influenced the individual and overall goals of late 19th and 20th century Olympics.
  • Group 2 concept Sentence
  • Conclusion and if you have not done additional document do it NOW!!
  • Group 3 concept Sentence
  • Evidence from Docs and when possible POV
  • Evidence from Docs and when possible POV

Application

  • The initial goal of the modern Olympics planned in 1892 was to promote world peace, but from 1892 to 2002 issues such as corporate profit, the rise of nationalism and feminism, as well as cold war issues that required the demonstration of political and military power influenced the individual and overall goals of late 19th and 20th century Olympics.
  • One of the factors that shaped the Olympics was the rise of nationalism.
  • Nationalism created a new role of women and the Olympics created an environment where this role could be promoted
  • Evidence from Docs and when possible POV
  • Conclusion and if you have not done additional document do it NOW!!
  • Nationalism sometimes dictated the demonstration of political and military power.
  • Evidence from Docs and when possible POV
  • Evidence from Docs and when possible POV

Point of View must be analysis and not just a statement

  • WHO/WHAT says it…
  • WHAT does he/she say (this could be used as evidence to support your thesis)
  • WHY does he/she say it (this is the POV and this is where you get POV points.

Examples

Point of View

  • This is a POV.

No point for this because incorrect

  • This is incorrect. The Cold War did not end in 1980.

You don’t have to do POV for every document

  • Attempt to do POVs for EVERY document…Yes, every document.
  • Do enough correctly and you get into the expanded core!!!!

Example of Point of View

  • Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany expressed great support for the ECC. Brandt stressed the importance of the ECC and how it might lead to lasting peace in Europe. According to Brandt, the ECC would be as significant to Europe as the Marshall Plan was; however, since Brandt made these comments at Harvard University, he might have chosen the American Marshall Plan to highlight so that he could better connect with the American audience (doc. 9).

Another example

Hints for POV

  • Consider the following about each person
    • Title, position, or job (economic motives, political motives, etc.)
    • Male/female
    • Country or religion of the person (in favor of country or historically doesn’t like people from a different country; supports or dislikes a religious group)
    • Date the statement was made (around a war)
  • Consider the type of document and why it was created…
    • Political speech, diary entry, newspaper article )what type of paper)
    • Maps, graphs, charts – who created it and why???
    • Pictures, paintings – who paid for it?

Additional document: Allows for another voice to be heard

  • The additional document…
  • Something that might change the outcome of your argument
  • This is simple, if you do it right…you are really saying whose voice is NOT heard and what their voice would add to the discussion.
    • Women
    • Poor
    • Those who “lost”
    • Workers
    • Ethnic Groups
    • Look for obvious omissions

Where can I put the additional document?

  • Officially, anywhere, but just like POV, about ½ of the “additional documents” are wrong, so I say include one per group – REMEMBER TO SAY WHY – ANALYSIS

Another one

  • Relate the factors to the Olympics

Another prompt

  • So any additional document would have to apply to attitudes toward technology…

Does this count?

Why does only one of these count?

Notice what counts here

Another example

Expanded Core

  • Forget about it…
  • You are going to provide POV for each document and at least 3 additional documents (one per group) – your Expanded Core is met!!!

Notice that they usually give the rubric..



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