Specialized Roles in Policing Multiple Choice

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Specialized Roles in Policing
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. CODIS is an electronic national database of

a. bullet manufacturers. b. handgun licenses. c. DNA profiles. d. tire treads. e. forensic scientists.

____ 2. Photographic identification

a. should be used only before lineup identification. b. is used if a fair lineup cannot be conducted. c. should use a minimum of twelve photographs. d. should be used only after lineup identification. e. is used only when the suspect is in custody.

____ 3. The primary mission of any tactical team is

a. enlighten and motivate. b. shoot first and ask questions later. c. search and destroy. d. divide and conquer. e. contain and neutralize.

____ 4. A crime included in the category of "suppressible crimes" is

a. car theft. b. robbery. c. assault. d. all of the preceding. e. none of the preceding.

____ 5. The crime scene should be

a. photographed. b. sketched. c. measured. d. a and c only. e. a, b and c.

____ 6. Rapid response to calls is most effective for ____ crimes.

a. insuppressible b. biometric c. corroborative d. discovery e. involvement

____ 7. Most informants cooperate with law enforcement

a. because they've turned over a new leaf and are recommitted to a law-abiding lifestyle. b. because they fear becoming a victim of another criminal. c. to receive a reduced sentence for a pending criminal matter. d. to exact revenge on another criminal. e. for the monetary rewards.

____ 8. The first contact with the criminal justice system for youths in legal trouble is usually

a. the police. b. an attorney with the local prosecutor's office. c. a probation officer. d. a juvenile court judge. e. a social worker.

____ 9. A primary characteristic of an effective investigator is

a. the ability to assume fictitious identities. b. cunning. c. interviewing skill. d. perception. e. objectivity.

____ 10. Whether a juvenile is actually taken into custody usually depends on a number of factors, the most important of which is

a. the seriousness of the offense. b. the youth's parents' political affiliations. c. whether the youth is employed. d. the capacity of the local juvenile detention facility. e. the officer's current caseload.

____ 11. The activities of intelligence officers

a. may include undercover assignments. b. may include internal affairs investigations of officers within the department. c. are typically kept secret from the rest of the department. d. all of the preceding. e. none of the preceding.

____ 12. Spiral grooves cut into the barrel of a gun during its manufacture are called

a. ballistics. b. forensic flarings. c. riflings. d. biometrics. e. digitizations.

____ 13. Primary responsibilities of the investigator include all except

a. interviewing witnesses and interrogating suspects. b. obtaining and identifying evidence. c. determining who is guilty of the crime. d. securing the crime scene. e. photographing and sketching the crime scene.

____ 14. Which of the following does not affect perception of an incident?

a. the viewer's accuracy of observation b. the viewer's interpretation of what is seen c. the viewer's attention to the incident d. the investigator's empathy toward the viewer e. all of the preceding

____ 15. Of the following, the most positive form of identification is obtained through

a. fingerprints. b. fibers. c. hair. d. all of the preceding provide equally positive identification. e. none of the preceding provide positive identification.

____ 16. The SRO is a special type of ____ officer.

a. internal affairs b. reserve c. tactical forces d. juvenile e. vice

____ 17. Although several breeds are known to make excellent K-9s, the ____ has consistently proven to be the most versatile law enforcement dog.

a. Doberman pincer b. German shepherd c. Bloodhound d. Black Labrador e. Rottweiler

____ 18. Ballistics deals with

a. identification of the weapon from which a bullet was fired. b. the motion of a bullet. c. identification of the owner of a firearm. d. all of the preceding. e. none of the preceding.

____ 19. The first organized K-9 unit in the United States began in 1907 in

a. Philadelphia. b. Boston. c. San Francisco. d. Chicago. e. New York City.

____ 20. Which of the following is not an area typically handled by vice officers?

a. narcotics violations b. prostitution c. officer corruption d. pornography e. illegal gambling

____ 21. Field identification is based on

a. scientific evidence. b. a totality of circumstances. c. the suspect's past record. d. police intuition. e. all of the preceding.

____ 22. The study of evidence is called

a. ballistics. b. biometrics. c. forensic science. d. rifling. e. kinesics.

____ 23. The critical element in field identification is

a. photographs. b. Miranda warning. c. time. d. scientific evidence. e. the presence of the suspect's legal counsel.

____ 24. A witness may be

a. a complainant. b. a victim. c. an informant. d. any of the preceding. e. none of the preceding.

____ 25. Latent prints are those

a. that remain hidden from investigators. b. inked on a card during booking. c. created by the natural oils on one's hands and left at a crime scene. d. too smudged to be of any evidentiary value. e. that are digitized and sent to AFIS.

____ 26. Reserve officers

a. have the authority to write citations. b. are overwhelmingly accepted by full-time sworn officers. c. do not wear uniforms. d. all of the preceding. e. none of the preceding.


Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. A suspect's refusal to participate in a lineup may be used against him or her in court.
____ 2. Palmprints have significantly fewer individual identifying features, called minutiae, than fingerprints.
____ 3. The Missing Children Act requires the FBI to investigate cases of missing children.
____ 4. Digital photography can be used to enhance obscured fingerprints, to record crime scenes and to take mug shots.
____ 5. The preliminary investigation is usually conducted by patrol officers.
____ 6. In the United States, there are more police K-9 units today than ever before.
____ 7. In most jurisdictions, child neglect includes failing to feed and clothe a child.
____ 8. In many ways, the characteristics and activities that define effective community policing officers are the exact opposite of those that make effective SWAT team members.
____ 9. Investigators determine whether suspects are guilty.
____ 10. Arrests are usually attributed to fast police response to reported serious crimes because about 75 percent of all serious crimes are involvement crimes.
____ 11. A suspect does not have the right to have counsel present during field identification.
____ 12. Officers assigned to internal affairs are usually very popular and highly revered among their peers.
____ 13. Police dogs are generally cross-trained extensively so they may perform effectively in all capacities, including search, attack and capture, drug detection, bomb detection and crime deterrence.
____ 14. No two individuals, except identical twins, have the same DNA structure.
____ 15. The first officer on the scene must protect it from any change, regardless of whether the officer is an investigator.
____ 16. Because juveniles commit a disproportionate number of local crimes, all officers are juvenile officers much of the time.
____ 17. Successful investigation relies on cooperative, coordinated efforts of both the patrol and the investigative functions.
____ 18. It is usually preferred that physical evidence be obtained to corroborate eyewitness testimony.
____ 19. In some areas of the country, prostitution is not illegal.
____ 20. The Missing Children Act gives parents, legal guardians or next of kin legal access to the information in the FBI NCIC's Missing Person File.
____ 21. Investigators interrogate witnesses with information regarding a crime.
____ 22. The digital camera has made photography much less efficient and more expensive.
____ 23. Undercover officers wear uniforms and drive marked cars.
____ 24. During a lineup, witnesses are allowed only to see the people in the lineup, not to hear them speak or see them walk or move.
____ 25. A criminal profile can be made in the absence of any physical descriptors.
____ 26. A witness is anyone, including a suspect, who has helpful information about a specific incident.
____ 27. Investigators are usually responsible for the follow-up investigation.
____ 28. Field identification is used when a suspect matches the description given by a witness and is apprehended close to the crime scene.

Complete each statement.
1. One way to identify a suspect may be the M.O., or ____________________.
2. The make of a firearm is usually determined by the ____________________ in the barrel.
3. The individual who reports an offense is called a/an ____________________.
4. When a person grasps an item with reasonable pressure, the sweat or grease produced in the pores under the ridges at the ends of the fingers oozes out and leaves a ____________________ ____________________ on the item.
5. Any area that contains evidence of criminal activity is considered a crime scene and must be secured to eliminate ____________________ of the scene.
6. The ____________________ is documentation of who has had possession of the evidence from the time it was discovered and taken into custody until the present time.
7. Like officers on the streets, officers in schools are now using ____________________ ____________________(CPTED) to identify, prevent and solve crimes problems.
8. ____________________ work involves long-term, ongoing investigations into such criminal activity as illegal sale of guns, payoffs to police officers or politicians, major drug cases and activities of organized crime.
9. The first SWAT team appeared in ____________________ to combat to the riots of the 1960s.
10. ____________________ uses the material from which chromosomes are made to positively identify individuals.
11. The results of the ____________________ ____________________ are written in an incident report containing the basic facts related to the crime, the crime scene and any suspects.
12. Investigators ____________________ suspects, those who they believe to be connected with a crime.
Each item may be matched only once. Select the best match.








discovery crimes




field identification


involvement crimes


lineup identification


mug shot identification


preliminary investigation


reserve officers


solvability factors


suppressible crimes

____ 1. details affecting the probability of successfully concluding the case such as whether there are witnesses and/or physical evidence

____ 2. auxiliary police
____ 3. crimes detected while a suspect is still at the scene
____ 4. identification allowing witnesses to observe several individuals, one of whom is the suspect, to see if the witnesses can identify the suspect
____ 5. to support or confirm eyewitness testimony
____ 6. actions performed immediately upon receiving a call to respond to the scene of a crime
____ 7. proof that a crime has been committed as well as proof that a particular person committed the crime
____ 8. at-the-scene identification, made within a short time after a crime has been committed
____ 9. crimes detected only after their commission and after the suspect has left the crime scene
____ 10. the introduction of something foreign into the crime scene, or the moving of items at the scene
____ 11. this type of identification is profitable only if the suspect has a record
____ 12. when heated, fumes are generated that adhere to fingerprints
____ 13. crimes where officers are allowed a reasonable opportunity to deter or apprehend offenders
1. List the primary characteristic of an effective investigator and explain the primary responsibilities of the investigator.
2. Describe the steps and prioritization of efforts for first responders arriving at a crime scene.
3. List and give a brief description of the types of law enforcement agencies that are considered "nontraditional."
4. Discuss in detail the various ways in which computers are being used in investigation.
5. Compare and contrast the perspectives and philosophies of the Community-Oriented Policing (COP) Model and SWAT teams. How are they similar? How do they differ?

Specialized Roles in Policing

Answer Section
1. REF: 222
2. REF: 225
3. REF: 235
4. REF: 216
5. REF: 219
6. REF: 217
7. REF: 224
8. REF: 231
9. REF: 217
10. REF: 231
11. REF: 228
12. REF: 223
13. REF: 218
14. REF: 217
15. REF: 221
16. REF: 231
17. REF: 237
18. REF: 223
19. REF: 237
20. REF: 232
21. REF: 225
22. REF: 216
23. REF: 225
24. REF: 223
25. REF: 221
26. REF: 239
1. REF: 225
2. REF: 221
3. REF: 231
4. REF: 219
5. REF: 217
6. REF: 237
7. REF: 231
8. REF: 236
9. REF: 217
10. REF: 217
11. REF: 225
12. REF: 230
13. REF: 237
14. REF: 222
15. REF: 219
16. REF: 231
17. REF: 218
18. REF: 224
19. REF: 234
20. REF: 231
21. REF: 223
22. REF: 219
23. REF: 228
24. REF: 225
25. REF: 227
26. REF: 223
27. REF: 218
28. REF: 225
1. REF: 225
2. REF: 223
3. REF: 223
4. REF: 221
5. REF: 219
6. REF: 223
7. REF: 232
8. REF: 228
9. REF: 235
10. REF: 222
11. REF: 218
12. REF: 224
1. REF: 218
2. REF: 239
3. REF: 217
4. REF: 225
5. REF: 224
6. REF: 217
7. REF: 220
8. REF: 225
9. REF: 217
10. REF: 219
11. REF: 225
12. REF: 221
13. REF: 216

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