Social Class Pyramid of Latin America Under Spanish Rule
Latin American Social Class System
Peninsulares Spanish official sent to govern Latin American colonies. They controlled government completely. Creoles American born Spanish gentry, They owned most of the land but were treated like second class citizens, and were denied political rights. Mestizos Spanish/Native America- denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage. Mulattoes Spanish/African- denied basic political, economic, and social rights due to their mixed heritage. Native Americans & Slaves Lowest social class. They had no rights and were often treated poorly and used as a labor source by the plantation owning Creoles.
What did the drastic reduction in the Native population lead the Spanish to do?
As a result of the introduction of massive amounts of silver and gold into Europe, inflation skyrocketed. Because some people had a lot of money, but most people had very little money, those with money overspent and drove prices up.
Success in the colonies made Britain, France, and the Netherlands jealous competition over colonies