New Seats Turn in Notebooks Test Bellwork Introduction to Unit 3

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  • Agenda
  • New Seats
  • Turn in Notebooks
  • Test
  • Bellwork
  • Introduction to Unit 3
  • Marketing Assignment

Essay Question

  • In what ways were the American Revolution and French Revolution similar? In what ways were they different?
  • 7 main points = A
  • 6 main points = B
  • 5 main points = C
  • 4 main points = D
  • 3 main points = F
  • Don’t forget intro and conclusion.

When you’re done, go to your Unit 1 notebook, find the first blank page (after Unit 1) and make the Unit 3 Table of Contents.

  • 10.3 Students analyze the effects of the Industrial Revolution in England, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.
  • Bellwork: Rank in order of what you think was the most important inventions (1 the most-5 the least) and why?:
  • Phone
  • Light bulb
  • Train
  • Assembly Line
  • Vaccines
  • Industry- organized economic activity connected with the production, manufacture, or construction of a particular product or range of products.
  • Industrialization- to introduce industry into (an area) on a large scale.
  • Revolution- a dramatic change in ideas or practice.
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Industrial Revolution
  • The Industrial Revolution refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the middle 1700s. Before the Industrial Revolution, people wove textiles by hand. Then, machines began to do this and other jobs. Soon the Industrial Revolution spread from England to Continental Europe and North America.
  • Inventions of the Industrial Revolution- Marketing Assignment
  • Overview:
  • Each group was given a different invention that was created during the Industrial Revolution. See the information on the reverse side to learn about your group’s invention and inventor.
  • Assignment:
  • You work for an marketing firm. It is your job to creating a pitch and an advertisement for your invention. REMEMBER-The purpose of an advertisement is to convince people that they need this product.
  • Requirements:
  • On your advertisement you need to include a logo and a catchy slogan.
  • Presenting:
  • You will pitch your product to the class. Start by providing the historical information about your product, year it was invented, inventor, and the significance. Then convincingly tell the class why they cannot live without this product, provide 3 examples. And Finally you will present your advertisement. Why is your advertisement convincing? Explain the reasoning behind your slogan and logo.
  • Participation:
  • Everyone must speak during the presentation and everyone must contribute to the advertisement.
  • Logo
  • Slogan
  • Example Ad

Date: 1769

  • Date: 1769
  • Inventor: James Watt
  • Significance: Provided an efficient source of industrial power
  • Extra Info: James Watt's improvements in 1769 and 1784 to the steam engine converted a machine of limited use, to one of efficiency and many applications. It was the foremost energy source in the emerging Industrial Revolution, and greatly multiplied its productive capacity. Watt was a creative genius who radically transformed the world from an agricultural society into an industrial one. Through Watt’s invention of the first practical steam engine, our modern world eventually moved from a 90% rural basis to a 90% urban basis.
  • Improved Steam Engine

Date: 1793

  • Date: 1793
  • Inventor: Eli Whitney
  • Significance: Sped cotton production by separating fibers from the seeds
  • Extra Info: Eli Whitney having newly graduated from Yale University headed to Georgia to make his fortune. By April, 1793 Whitney had invented the cotton gin. After the invention of the cotton gin, the yield of raw cotton doubled each decade after 1800. Demand was fueled by other inventions of the Industrial Revolution, such as the machines to spin and weave it and the steamboat to transport it. By midcentury America was growing three-quarters of the world's supply of cotton, most of it shipped to England or New England where it was manufactured into cloth.
  • Cotton Gin

Date: 1836

  • Date: 1836
  • Inventor: Samuel Morse
  • Significance: Could send messages in a short amount of time.
  • Extra Info: While a professor of arts and design at New York University in 1835, Samuel Morse proved that signals could be transmitted by wire. He used pulses of current to deflect an electromagnet, which moved a marker to produce written codes on a strip of paper - the invention of Morse Code. Until 1877, all rapid long-distance communication depended upon the telegraph. That year, a rival technology developed that would again change the face of communication -- the telephone.
  • Telegraph

Date: 1851

  • Date: 1851
  • Inventor: Isaac Singer
  • Significance: Speed up clothing manufacturing
  • Extra Info: Isaac M. Singer was an inventor with many patents who invented the first home sewing machine.In 1850 Singer was working in a Boston, Massachusetts, machine shop when he was asked to analyze a Blodgett & Lerow sewing machine that had been brought in for repair. Singer developed a new design based on that machine, patented it in 1851, and cofounded (with Edward Clark) the I. M. Singer Company to market it.By 1860 the Singer Manufacturing Company had become the world's largest maker of sewing machines, and by 1863 Singer had received twenty patents for the machines.
  • Improved Sewing Machine

Date: 1850s

  • Date: 1850s
  • Inventor: Henry Bessemer
  • Significance: Quickly and cheaply made steel out of iron
  • Extra Info: Inventors realized that they needed strong metals to build complicated machinery. Steel was the best choice, but it took some time to get it right. At the beginning of the 18th Century - about 1700, Abraham Darby discovered that coal could be partially burned to create coke, which would create the steady, hot flame required to work with iron and steel. In the 1740s, Henry Cort discovered "puddling" as a way of making stronger pig iron. He also was able to produce sheets of iron. It wasn't until a hundred years later that Henry Bessemer figured out a way to mix cold air to remove the impurities that weakened steel. His Bessemer converter was able to produce stronger steel that could be used in a wider variety of ways.
  • Bessemer Process
  • Blast of high-pressure air oxidizes impurities in molten iron and converts it to steel

Date: 1876

  • Date: 1876
  • Inventor: Alexander Graham Bell
  • Significance: Instant communication
  • Extra Info: Probably no means of communication has revolutionized the daily lives of ordinary people more than the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell, American inventor and teacher of the deaf, most famous for his invention of the telephone. Since the age of 18, Bell had been working on the idea of transmitting speech. In 1874, while working on a multiple telegraph, he developed the basic ideas for the telephone. His experiments with his assistant Thomas Watson finally proved successful on March 10, 1876, when the first complete sentence was transmitted: "Watson, come here; I want you.”
  • Telephone

Date: 1879

  • Date: 1879
  • Inventor: Thomas Edison
  • Significance: Made possible long-lasting indoor electric light
  • Extra Info: The modern world is an electrified world. The light bulb, in particular, profoundly changed human existence by illuminating the night and making it hospitable to a wide range of human activity. The electric light, one of the everyday conveniences that most affects our lives, was invented in 1879 by Thomas Alva Edison. He put together what he knew about electricity with what he knew about gas lights and invented a whole of electrical system.
  • Light Bulb

Date: 1860s

  • Date: 1860s
  • Inventor: Louis Pasteur
  • Significance: Increased the shelf life of milk and other products and created the first vaccines
  • Extra Info: If one were to choose among the greatest benefactors of humanity, Louis Pasteur would certainly rank at the top. He solved the mysteries of rabies, anthrax, chicken cholera, and silkworm diseases, and contributed to the development of the first vaccines. He debunked the widely accepted myth of spontaneous generation, thereby setting the stage for modern biology and biochemistry. The process of pasteurization was named after Louis Pasteur who discovered that spoilage organisms could be inactivated in wine by applying heat at temperatures below its boiling point. The process was later applied to milk and remains the most important operation in the processing of milk.
  • Pasteurization & Vaccinations

Date: 1904

  • Airplane
  • Date: 1904
  • Inventor:
  • Oliver and Wilbur Wright
  • Significance:
  • Air Travel was made possible
  • Extra Info: Orville and Wilbur Wright, American inventors and aviation pioneers, achieved the first powered, sustained, and controlled flight of an airplane on the morning of December 17, 1904. In the two years afterward, they developed their flying machine into the world's first practical fixed-wing aircraft, along with many other aviation milestones

Date: 1902

  • Model T and the Assembly Line
  • Date: 1902
  • Inventor: Henry Ford
  • Significance: Made an automobile that was affordable to the average person due to his efficient assembly line.
  • Extra Info: Henry Ford realized he'd need a more efficient way to mass produce cars in order to lower the price. He looked at other industries and found four principles that would further their goal: interchangeable parts, continuous flow, division of labor, and reducing wasted effort. Ford put these principles into play gradually over five years, fine-tuning and testing as he went along. In 1913, they came together in the first moving assembly line ever used for large-scale manufacturing. Ford produced cars at a record-breaking rate.

Date: 1701

  • Date: 1701
  • Inventor: Jethro Tull
  • Significance: Improved and more efficient farming.
  • Extra Info: Jethro Tull was one of the first of scientific farmers. He saw that the usual way of sowing seed by scattering it across the ground was wasteful. Many seeds failed to take root. He solved this problem with an invention called the seed drill. It allowed farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths. A larger share of the seeds took root, boosting crop yields. He designed his drill with a rotating cylinder. Grooves were cut into the cylinder to allow seed to pass from the hopper above to a funnel below. They were then directed into a channel dug by a plough at the front of the machine, then immediately covered by a harrow attached to the rear. This limited the wastage of seeding and made the crop easier to weed.

Date: 1825

  • Date: 1825
  • Inventor: George Stephenson
  • Significance: Railroads spurred industrial growth by giving manufacturers a cheap way to transport materials and finished product.
  • Extra Info: 1814, Stephenson constructed his first locomotive, 'Blucher', for hauling coal at Killingworth Colliery near Newcastle. In 1821, Stephenson was appointed engineer for the construction of the Stockton and Darlington railway. It opened in 1825 and was the first public railway. The following year Stephenson was made engineer for the Liverpool to Manchester Railway. In October 1829, the railway's owners staged a competition to find the best kind of locomotive to pull heavy loads over long distances. Stephenson's locomotive 'Rocket' was the winner, achieving a record speed of 36 miles per hour. The opening of the Stockton to Darlington railway and the success of 'Rocket' stimulated the laying of railway lines and the construction of locomotives all over the country.

Date: 1877

  • Date: 1877
  • Inventor: Thomas Edison
  • Significance: A technology that made the modern music business possible. came into existence in the New Jersey laboratory where Thomas Edison created the first device to both record sound and play it back.
  • Extra Info: Edison discovered the secret to recording sound. Before there were CD players, there was the phonograph. August 12, 1877 is the date popularly given for Thomas Edison's completion of the model for the first phonograph. Edison was trying to improve the telegraph transmitter when he noticed that the movement of the paper tape through the machine produced a noise resembling spoken words when played at a high speed. Experimenting with a stylus (hard-pointed instrument like a large needle) on a tinfoil cylinder, Edison spoke into the machine.


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