New is always better, that was the conception adopted by Modernist pioneers. This paper will discuss Modernism’s rejection of conventional arts and design methods and the influence of Modernism on architecture in modern day. The discussion will focus on comparing Modernist works with works of previous movements to display the benefits and characteristics of Modernism. In doing so, the reasons why and how Modernism was created and what Modernism rejected will be explained to better discuss Modernism impact on architecture.
Modernism’s development is the product of cultivated, multicultural and multidisciplinary efforts. It was created by the Western society in arts, design and literature and spread worldwide driven by the urge for modernity along with the need for cheaper housing that was a consequence of world war one (WWI). One can understand from Taylor (1987), that Modernism’s roots in literature and arts are traced back to around 1850, and is characterised by a deliberate rejection of the styles of the gothic dark church-like designs, ancient revival of the Renaissance, the artistic Revivalism of the Victorian period and even the graphics roots of Art Nouveau. A demonstration for such statement is displayed by Edouard Manet’s work, a bar at the folies-bergere, 1882 (Figure 1).