M. sc. – I semester (geography)



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2014-2015

M.SC. – I SEMESTER (GEOGRAPHY)

( 25 CREDITS )



Course Code


Title

Credits


GPY 2101

Development of Geographical Ideas and Research Methodology

03

GPY 2102

Geomorphological Concepts and Processes

03

GPY 2103

Population Geography

03

GPY 2104

Agricultural Geography

03

GPY 2105

Industrial Geography

03

GPY 2106

Social Geography

03

GPY 2107

Political Geography

03

GPY 2108

Techniques in Geomorphology

03

GPY 2109

Techniques of Industrial and Agricultural Data Analysis

03

GPY 2110

Geomorphology Survey Technique (1)

02

GPY 2111

Seminar

02


2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I
GPY : 2101 (03 Credits)
DEVELOPMENT OF GEOGRAPHICAL IDEAS AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

UNIT-I: (02 Credits)


  • Pre-scientific ideas in ancient and medieval periods: contributions of Greek, Roman and Arab geographers-Geography in Ancient India.

  • The pre-classical period: The age of exploration; impact of discoveries, contributions of Bernard Varenius, Philippe Buache, Anton Friedrich Busching and Immanuel Kant

  • Classical period: Humboldt and Ritter; Influences of Darwin on Geography – The crisis of identity and rise of dualism between Physical and Human Geography – Peschel & Gerland.

  • Re-establishment of Geography as an integrated science: contributions of Ratzel, Richthofen, Hettner, Blache, Mackinder, Kropotkin, and Carl Sauer. Environmental Determinism - Semple and Huntington


UNIT-II: (01 Credit)


  • Meaning of research; Philosophical frame for geographical research.

  • Approaches to geographical study and research: Landscape, Ecological (man-environment), Regional (Areal differentiation), Locational (Spatial), Geometric.

  • A general idea of models, laws, hypothesis, theories and systems in Geography. Paradigm and paradigm shift.



BOOKS RECOMMENDED

  1. Dautherty, R: Science in Geography Data Collection (2)

  2. Board, Christopher (Ed) (1969): Progress in Geography Volume 1-8. Edward, Oxford.

  3. Chorley, R.J. & Haggett, P. Eds. (1965): Frontiers in Geographical Teaching. Methuen, London.

  4. Chorley, R.J. & Haggett P.Eds. (1967): Models in Geography, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London.

  5. Davis, P.: Science in Geography (3) Data description and presentation.

  6. Harvey, David (1969): Explanation in Geography, Edward Arnold.

  7. Kothari, C.R. (1993): Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques, Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi.

  8. Mc Callagh: Science in Geography (4) Data use and Interpretation

  9. Mishra, R.P. : Handbook of Research Methodology in Human Geography.

  10. Chorley, R.J. & Haggett, P. Eds. (1965): Frontiers in Geographical Teaching. Methuen, London.

  11. Dickinson (1969): Makers of Modern Geography. Lyall Book Depot, Ludhiana.

  12. Dikshit, R.D. (1994): The Art & Science of Geography. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.

  13. Dikshit, R.D. (1997): Geographical Thought: A Contextual History of India. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.

  14. Hartshorne, R. (1961): Nature of Geography. AAAG, Pennsylvania.

  15. Hartshorne, R. (1968): Perceptive on the Nature of Geography. John Murray, London.

  16. James, P.E.(1981): All Possible world, John Wiley & Sons, New York.

  17. Minshull, R. (1972): The Changing Nature of Geography, Huchenson, London.

2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I
GPY : 2102 (03 Credits)
GEOMORPHOLOGICAL CONCEPTS AND PROCESSES


UNIT-I: ( 1 ½ Credit)
Definition, Nature, Scope & Significance.

Methods & approaches to study geomorphology.

Major Historical landmarks & recent trends in the development of geomorphology & geomorphological concepts.

The status of geomorphology in India


UNIT-II: ( 1 ½ Credit)

Evolution of Hill slope, Elements of slope, Slope Decline & Slope Replacement Model Weathering & Mass wasting.

Geomorphic process: i) Evaluation & classification of Landforms ii) Fluvial Eolian glacial, Marine & Karst

Climate, geomorphic processes & landforms

Morphogenetic regions

Cycle of erosion: concept of W.M.Davis, Walther Penck & L.C.King




BOOKS RECOMMENDED
Chorley, Richard (1971): Introduction to Fluvial Processes, Methuen, London.

Cook, R.U. and J.C. Doorn Kamp, (1974): Geomorphology in Environmental Management, Oxford University Press.

Cotton, C.A. (1960): Geomorphology: An Introduction to the Study of Landforms, Whitcombe & Tombs Ltd., Australia,

Derbyshire, Edward Ed. (1976): Geomorphology and Climate, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Englen, O.D. Von (1949): Geomorphology, The Macmillan Co., New York.

Fairbridge, Rhodes, W. : The Encyclopedia of Geomorphology, Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Inc. Pennsylvania.

Kale, S.Vishwas & Gupta Avijit (2001): Introduction to Geomorphology, Orient, Longman Ltd., Calcutta

Pitty, Alistair F. (1971): Introduction to Geomorphology, Methuen & Co. Ltd.

Rice, J.R. (1977) : Fundamentals of Geomorphology, Longman, London, New York.

Thornbury, William D. (1976): Principles of Geomorphology, John Wiley & Sons.

Thornes, J.B. & Brunsdam, D. (1977): Geomorphology and Time, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London.

Wooldrige S.W. and Morgan S.R. (1988): An Outline of Geomorphology, Longmans, London.




2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER – I

GPY : 2103 (03 Credits)

POPULATION GEOGRAPHY



UNIT-I: (01 Credit)

  • 1. a) Population geography: Nature and scope

  • b) Relationship with demography and other social sciences.

  • 2. Population Data: Sources and methods of collection

  1. Need of population data

  2. Major sources: Population data, vital registration scheme, Population register and sample surveys, maps and other secondary sources.

  3. History of census.

  4. Processing of data: tabulation, evaluation and analysis.

  5. Errors and methods of evaluating errors: i) Errors: coverage errors, content error, non-response error and sampling error ii) Methods of evaluating errors: enumeration, comparative study of successive censuses, internal consistency within a single census, matching with independent records and post enumeration check.


UNIT-II: (02 Credits)

3. Population Distribution and density:



  1. Factors controlling population distribution and density.

  2. World distribution patterns.

  3. Types of densities

4. a) Population structure and composition: age, sex, rural-urban, language, literacy, occupation, ethnic structure and religion- significance, determinants and contemporary pattern in India.

b) Concept of Dependency ratio.


BOOKS RECOMMENDED


  1. Agarwal S.N. (1978): India’s Population Problems, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd., New Delhi

  2. Ahmad Aijazuddin, Noin Damiel and Sharma H.N. (1997): Demographic Transition: The Third World Scenario, Rawat Publications, Jaipur.

  3. Bhende A.A. & Kanitkar T. (1998): Principles of Population Studies, Himalays Pub. House, Mumbai

  4. Bogue D.J. (1969): Principles of Demography, John Wiley, New York.

  5. Bose A. (1991): Demographic diversity of India: 1991 census state and district level data – A reference book, B.R.Publishing corporation, Delhi.

  6. Bose A. (Ed.) (1970): Studies in Demography, George Allen & Ulwin Ltd.

  7. Census of India, Series-I India, Part II special Report and Tables based on 5% sample data.

  8. Chandana R.C. & Sidhu M.S. (1980): Introduction to Population Geography, Kalyani Pub. New Delhi.

9) Chandana R.C. & Sidhu M.S. (1996): Geography of Population: Concepts Determinants and Patterns, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.

10) Clarke J.I. (1973): Population Geography, Pergamon Press, Oxford



  1. Demko G.J., Rose H.N. & Schnell G.A. (Ed.) (1970): Population Geography, A Reader. McGraw Hill Co.

  2. Garnier J.B. (1978): Geography of Population, Longman.

  3. Hans Raj (1999): Fundamentals of Demography with special reference to India Surjeet Publications, Delhi.

  4. Kayastha S/L/ (1999): Geography of Population, Veena Publishing House, New Delhi.

  5. Thompson W.S. and Lemis D.T. (1978): Population Problems, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co. Ltd., New Delhi.

  6. Trewartha G.T. (1969): Geography of Population: World Patterns, John Wiley & Sons.

  7. World Bank Report (1985): Population Change and Economic Development.

  8. Majumdar, P.K. (2013): India’s Demography – Changing Demographic Scenario in India, Rawat, Jaipur.

2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2104 (OPTIONAL) (03 Credits)

AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY
UNIT-I: (02 Credits)


  • Nature, scope and significance of agricultural geography.

  • Origin and dispersal of agriculture views of Carl Saur and Vavilov. Approaches to the study of agricultural geography- commodity, systematic and regional approach.

  • Determinants of agriculture: Environmental, Institutional and Technological factors.


UNIT-II: (01 Credit)


  • Von Thunen’s theory of agricultural location, its recent modifications. Applicability to Indian conditions.

  • Agricultural typologies and their characteristics with special reference to India. A critical review of Whittlesey's agricultural classification.


BOOKS RECOMMENDED


  1. Alexander, J.M. (1963): Economic Geography, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs N.J. (Latest Editions)

  2. Bhalla G.S. and Alagh Y.K. (!979): Performance of Indian Agriculture, Sterling Pub., New Delhi

  3. Clark, C. & Haswell M. (1966): The Economcs of Subsistence Agriculture, Macmillan, London.

  4. Dumont, Rene (1970): Types or Rural Economy: Studies in World Agriculture. Methuen, London.

  5. Gobind, Nalini (1986): Regional perspectives on Agricultural Development. Concept, Delhi

  6. Gregory, H.F. (1970): Geography of Agriculture: Themes in Research. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

  7. Morgan, W.B. & Munton, R.J.C.(1971): Agricultural Geography, Methuen, London.

  8. Sauer, Carl (1952): Agricultural Origins and Dispersals, Americian Geographical Society, New York.

  9. Sharma B.L. (1991): Applied Agricultural Geography, Rawat Publishers, Jaipur.

  10. Singh, J. & Dhillon S.S (1982): Agricultural Geography, Tata McGraw, New Delhi.

  11. Singh J. (1974): Agricultural Atlas of India – A Geographical Analysis. Vishal, Kurukshetra.

  12. Singh J & Sandhu S. (1990): Dynamics of Agricultural Changes, Oxford & IBH Ltd., New Delhi.

  13. Stamp L.D. (1954): The Land of Britain: Its Use ^ Misuse, Longman, London.

  14. Symons L. (1967): Agricultural Geography, G.Bells & Sons, London

  15. Tarrant, John, R. (1974): Agricultural Geography, Hallstead Press, New York.

  16. Von Royen, William (1954): Atlas of the Worls’s Resources, Vol-1 – The Agricultural Resources of the World, Prentice Hall, New York.

  17. Wheater, K.E.L., A.M. & P.G. (1970): Studies in Agricultural Geography, Blard Educational, London.

  18. Saxena, H.M. (2013): Economic Geography, Rawat, Jaipur.



2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2105 (OPTIONAL) (03 Credits)

INDUSTRIAL GEOGRAPHY

UNIT – I: ( 1 ½ Credit)


  • Nature, scope & significance of industrial geography.

  • Industrial location – meaning and types.

  • Approaches to the study of industrial location – neo – classical, behavioural, structural

  • Natural resources- raw materials and fuels

  • Factors of production – land, labour, capital, enterprise

  • Demand, market, transport, pricing policies and linkages; industrial complexes.

  • Input combinations and cost structures

  • Theories of industrial location-Weber, Hoover, Polander, Losch, Rawstron


UNIT – II: ( 1 ½ Credit) THE FACTORS IN INDUSTRIAL CHANGE


  • The changing world economy

  • Evolution of manufacturing systems

  • Globalisation- its meaning, features & impact on economic growth and industrial location patterns; changes in products and processes.

  • Technology – silicon landscape

  • Changing organisation of business and industries

  • Political context of industrial location

  • Social organisation and restructuring of industries

  • Location trends in the following manufacturing industries: Iron & steel, textiles, chemicals, automobiles, oil refining, engineering.



BOOKS RECOMMENDED

  1. Bale. J (1983): The Location of Manufacturing Industry, Olive and Boyd, Edinburg.

  2. Chapman, Keith & Walker, David: Industrial Location 2nd Edition.

  3. Conkling E.C. & Yeats, M. (!976): Man’s Economic Environment, McGraw Hill Co.

  4. Conkling, B. and Ray M. (1976): The Geography of Economic Systems, McGraw Hill Co.

  5. Hamilton, F.E.I. (Ed.) (1978): Contemporary Industrialisation, Longman.

  6. Healy, M.J. and Libery, B.W. (1990): Location and change- Perspectives on Economic Geography, Oxford Uni. Press.

  7. Industrial Development Review Series (1990): India- New Dimensions of Industrial Growth, Basil Blackwel.

  8. Isard, W. (1969): Methods of Regional Analysis, MIT, Massachusetts.

  9. Izzard, W. (1972): Location and Space Economy MTI, Massachusetts.

  10. Jarret, H.R. (1969):A Geography of Manufacturing, MacDonald & Evans.

  11. Kiley, Ray & Marflect, Phil (Ed.) (1998): Globalisation and the Third World, Routledge.

  12. Lloyd, P.E. and Dicken, P. (1972): Location in Space, Harper and Row.


2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2106 (OPTIONAL) (03 Credits)

SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY


UNIT – I: ( 1 ½ Credit)
Social Geography : Nature, Scope and significance. Approaches & concepts. Relationship with social sciences. Nature and problems of social geographic data with reference to India.
UNIT – II: ( 1 ½ Credit)
Social Evolution in India. The peopling of India (racial and archaeological evidences), The pre-historic and historic perspective with special reference to the Janapadas of ancient India and the regional structure under the Moghals and the British.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED

  1. Ahmad, A. (1999): Social Geography, Rawat, Jaipur.

  2. Basam, A.L. (Ed.) (1975): A Cultural History of India, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  3. Census of India, 1974 : Economic and Socio Cultural Dimensions of Regionalisation, Census Centenary Monograph No. 7, New Delhi.

  4. Childe, Vere Golden 1976 : What Happened in History, Penguin, Middlesex.

  5. Hamentt, C. (Ed.) (1996): Social Geography, Arnold, London.

  6. Guha, B.S. (1945): Racial Elements in India’s Population, Oxford, Calcutta.

  7. Hutton, J.H. (1961): Caste in India-its Nature Function and Origin, Oxford Uni. Press, Oxford.

  8. Jackson, Peter and Susen J.Smith (1984): Exploring Social Geography, George Allen and Unwin, London.

  9. Jones, Emrys (1975): Readings in Social Geography, Oxford University Press, London.

  10. Jones, E. and Eyles, J. (1979): An Introduction to Social Geography, Oxford Uni. Press, London.

  11. Pacione, M. (1987): Social Geography-Progress and Prospects, Croom Helm, London.

  12. Pannikar K.M. (1969): Geographical Factors in India’s History, Bharatiya Vidya Mandir, Delhi

  13. Subba Rao (1958): The Personality of India, M.S.University of Baroda, Baroda.

  14. Singh K.S. (1985): Tribal Society in India- An Anthropo-geographical Perspective. Manohar, Delhi.

  15. Singh, Yogendra (1982): Modernisation of Indian Tradition. Thompson Press, Delhi

  16. Sopher, D.E. (1980): An Exploration of India- Geographical Perspectives on Society & Culture. Cornell University Press, New York.

  17. Srinivas, R. (Ed.) (1977): Social Change in Modern India, Orient Longman, Delhi.


2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2107 (OPTIONAL) (03 Credits)

POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY: MODELS & ISSUES



UNIT – I: (2 Credit)

  • Definition Nature and scope, Relation of Political Geography to Human Geography, Regional Geography, Political Science and Geopolitics.

  • Origin and Development of political geography.

  • Geopolitical modes in Political Geography: Ratzel, Mohan, Mackinder, Haushefer, Spykman, Sewersky, Cohen

  • Indian post world war geopolitical view.


UNIT – II: (1 Credit)

  • Approaches to study Political Geography: A) Functional/Fundamental Approach (Hartshrone)

B) Unified Field Theory (S.B.Jones) C) Political System model by Cohen & Rosenthal.

  • Functions and Methods of Electoral Geography- Areal Association Model, Behavioral Model,



BOOKS RECOMMENDED

Alexander L.M. (1963): World Political Patterns. Rand Mcnally, Chicago.

Bergaman (1975): Modern Political Geography.

Bucholts, Paul (1966): The Political Geography. The Ronald Press Co., New York.

Colby C.C. : The Geographical Aspects of International relations.

Das, S.T. (1986): Geo-Strategies, Kitab Mahal, Allahabad.

De Blij, H.J. (1967): Systematic Political Geography. John Wiley, New York.

Dikshit R.D. (1982): Political Geography – A Contemporary Perspective. Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.

East, W.G. & Moodie, A.E. (Eds) (1956): The Changing World: Studies in Political Geography, Yonker-on-Hudson, New York.

Fisher, Charles A. (Ed.) (1968): Essays in Political Geography. Methuen & Co. Ltd.

Glassner, M & De Blij H.J. (1980): Systematic Political Geography. John Wiley, New York.

Jackson, W.A.D. (Ed.) (1971): Politics and Geographic Relationship, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Janaki V.A. (1977): Some aspects of the Political Geography of India, M.S.University of Baroda, Baroda

Kasperson, R.E. & Minghi, J.V. (1969): The Structure of Political Geography. Aldine Pub. Co., Chicago

Muir, Richard (1975): Modern Political Geography. MacMillan, London.

Pearcy G.E. et al (1948): World Political Geography. Thomas Y. Corwell Co. Ltd., New York.

Pounds, N.J.G., (1972): Political Geography. Methuen & Co., London.

Prescott, J.R.V. (1972): The Field of Political Geography, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London.

Prescott, J.R.V. (1975): The Political Geography of the Ocean. David & Charles Ltd., London.

Prescott, J.R.V. (1978): Geography of Frontiers & Boundaries. Hutchinson & Co. Ltd., London.

Short, John R. (1982): An Introduction to Political Geography, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London.

Singh, Rajendra K. (1974): Politics of Indian Ocean. Thompson Press India Ltd., Delhi.

Sukhwal, B.L. (1985): Modern Political Geography in India, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2108 (03 Credits)

TECHNIQUES IN GEOMORPHOLOGY



Profiles: (01 Credit)

Serial Profiles, Superimposed Projected Composite, Projected, Longitudinal and Transverse Profile, Delimitation of Drainage Basin, Preparation of Basin Map & Basin Contour Map. River morphometry , Stream ordering, Calculation of various components.



Gradient and Slope: (01 Credit)

Calculation of gradient and slope, Methods of Average slope determination, Wentworth Methods of slope analysis, Hypsometric curve, Altimetric frequency curve, etc.



Geological Maps: (01 Credit)

Calculation of dips, Drawing of strike lines, Bedding plain, Completion of out crops, Fold, Faults Outlier & Inlier, Drawing of geological section for different structure.



BOOKS RECOMMENDED;

  1. Monkhouse, F.J. & Wilkinson, H.R. (1975): Maps & Diagrams, Methuen, London

  2. Robinson, A.H. (1966): Elements of Cartography, Willey International

  3. Singh R.L. & Singh Rana P.B. (1991): Elements of Practical Geography, Kalyani Publisher, New Delhi.

  4. Rhodes, Fair Bridge & Daubten, W. (Ed.) (1968): The Encyclopedia of Geomorphology, Hutchison, Pennsylvania

2014-2015

M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2109 (03 Credits)

TECHNIQUES OF INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICUTURAL DATA ANALYSIS



Techniques of Industrial Analysis: (01 Credit)

  • Indices of Regional specialisation and diversification- Location quotient, Lorenz curve, Ginni’s coefficient and Gibb’s Martin Index.

  • Shift & share analyses.

  • Measures of level of industrialization – Calculation and Mapping.



Techniques of Agricultural data Analysis: (02 Credits)

  • Models of agricultural land use.

  • Ergograph.

  • Methods of Agricultural Productivity- Kendall’s & Bhatia’s Methods.

  • Measurements of Density – Agricultural, Economic.

  • Land use efficiency/Cropping intensity.

  • Crop combination region.

  • Measurement of agricultural performance

N.B. (Mapping multiple and continuous variables with the help of suitable statistical diagrams and cartograms will be done wherever applicable)

BOOKS RECOMMENDED:

  1. Gregory, S. (1980): Statistical Method and Geographer, Longman, London

  2. Khan, Najma (1998): Quantitative Methods in Geographical Research, Concept, New Delhi

  3. Mandal, R.B. (1982): Statistics for Geographers and Social Scientists, Concept, New Delhi

  4. Monkhouse, F.J. & Wilkinson, H.R. (1975): Maps and Diagrams, Methuen, London.

  5. Norcliffe, G.B. (1977): Inferential Statistics for Geographers, Hutchison, London

  6. Smith, David (1977): Patterns in Human Geography, Penguin

  7. Taylor, P.J. (1977): Quantitative Methods in Geography, Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.


M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2110 (02 Credits)

GEOMORPHOLOGY SURVEY TECHNIQUE (1)


M.SC. SEMESTER - I

GPY : 2111 (02 Credits)

SEMINAR



2014-2015

M.SC. – II SEMESTER (GEOGRAPHY)

(25 CREDITS)



Course Code



Title


Credits


GPY 2201

Geographical Thought and Research Methodology

03

GPY 2202

Regional and Applied Geomorphology

03

GPY 2203

Dynamics of Population Growth

03

GPY 2204

Agricultural Regionalization

03

GPY 2205

Industrial Development and Policies

03

GPY 2206

Social Geography (with Special Reference to India)

03

GPY 2207

Political Geography: Approaches and Issues

03

GPY 2208

Techniques of Demographic Data Analysis

03

GPY 2209

Basics of Remote Sensing and Its Applications

03

GPY 2210

Geomorphology Survey Technique (2)

02

GPY 2211

Seminar

02


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