Informational Text Understanding Comparison and Contrast When you compare



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  • When you compare, you look at two or more things and see how they are the same; when you contrast, you look for differences.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • Look at these two photographs of eggs. First compare the two photographs. Then contrast them.
  • Using a Venn Diagram
  • To compare and contrast things, writers use a compare-and-contrast organizational pattern. Writers use one of two methods.
  • Block method
  • The writer discusses all the features of subject 1, then all the features of subject 2.
  • Point-by-point method
  • The writer chooses a feature and shows how it applies to subject 1, then how it applies to subject 2.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • To use the block method, discuss all the features of subject 1. Then discuss all the features of subject 2.
  • Topic-eggs
  • Container-basket
  • Container– nest
  • Setting-natural
  • Topic–eggs
  • Subject 1
  • Subject 2
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • To use the point-by-point method, choose a feature and show how it applies to subject 1. Then show how each feature applies to subject 2.
  • Subject 1
  • Subject 2
  • Feature 1
  • Feature 2
  • Feature 3
  • Container-basket
  • Setting– artificial
  • Topic–eggs
  • Topic-eggs
  • Container– nest
  • Setting-natural
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • photo of eggs
  • contained in a nest
  • contained in basket
  • A Venn diagram can help you sort out and analyze similarities and differences.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • Using a Venn Diagram
  • artificial setting
  • natural setting
  • Use a Venn diagram to compare and contrast these two types of biking.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • Reading Focus
  • Remember, when you compare two or more things, think about how they are the same; when you contrast, you look for differences.
  • These two dragons are the same in some ways and different in other ways.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • To compare the dragons of Pern in “The Smallest Dragonboy,” you would look for ways in which the dragons are the same.
  • They all bond with a human for life.
  • They all help defend the planet from the evil Thread.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • To contrast the dragons of Pern, you would look for ways in which they are different.
  • Green dragons are small and fast.
  • Brown dragons are large and strong.
  • Only the huge bronze dragons can mate with the queen.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • In “Here Be Dragons,” the writer compares and contrasts dragons. Which method does the writer use?
  • Block Method
  • Point-by-Point Method
  • Subject 2: Western dragons
  • Feature 1: Behavior
  • Feature 2: Origins
  • Feature 3: Appearance
  • Feature 1: Behavior
  • Subject 1: Eastern dragons
  • Subject 2: Western dragons
  • Feature 2: Origins
  • Subject 1: Eastern dragons
  • Subject 2: Western dragons
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • The writer of “Here Be Dragons” uses the block method to compare and contrast Eastern and Western dragons.
  • First she describes features of Eastern Dragons. Then she describes features of Western dragons.
  • Comparison and Contrast
  • In “Here Be Dragons,” the writer compares and contrasts dragons. Which method does the writer use?
  • Block Method
  • Subject 1: Eastern dragons
  • Feature 1: Behavior
  • Feature 2: Origins
  • Feature 3: Appearance
  • Subject 2: Western dragons
  • Feature 1: Behavior
  • Feature 2: Origins
  • Feature 3: Appearance
  • The End
  • Comparison and Contrast


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