History 152 Final Test



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History 152 Final Test

  • Part A. Locate the following countries and identify their capitals (20 points):
  • Mexico Guatemala Honduras Salvador Nicaragua
  • Panama Colombia Argentina Chile Peru
  • Brazil Venezuela Ecuador Bolivia Uruguay
  • Part B. Identify the following (30 points):
  • Algerian Revolution Mobutu Allende NAFTA
  • Escobar Mandela Castro Che
  • Apartheid Peron Populism Pinochet
  • Part C. Write a comprehensive essay on the following (50 points). Cite your source and support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 1. In your opinion, what factors in particular made the processes of modernization in Africa so difficult?
  • 2. Discuss and compare various approaches to economic development in two modern states in Africa. In your opinion, which one is more successful?
  • 3. Despite various efforts, most Latin American countries today are still struggling to build viable economies. In your opinion, what are the main factors that have inhibited these efforts?
  • 4. In 1895 Porfirio Diaz said: “Poor Mexico - so far from God, so close to the United States.” In your opinion, what did Diaz mean and to what extent is his statement actual to Latin America today?

History 152 Test 4. Part A. Locate the following countries, identify their modern capitals and the dominant religious denominations (30 points):

  • Egypt Turkey Syria Lebanon Israel
  • Jordan Saudi Arabia Iraq Iran Kuwait Afghanistan Yemen Oman UAE Qatar
  • Part B. Write one identification essay on the following (30 points):
  • OPEC Khomeini Mahatma Gandhi Camp David Treaty
  • Balfour Declaration Nasser PLO Indira Gandhi Mao
  • 6-Day War Pol Pot “Four Tigers of South-East Asia”
  • Part C. Write one comprehensive essay on the following (40 points). Cite your source and support your assertions with specific examples:
  • 1. Define Sun Yat-Sen’s “Three People’s Principles.” In your opinion, which state in South-East Asia came closest to implement these principles? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. What were the main principles of Deng Xiaoping’s “Four Modernization” program? How successful was it?
  • 3. India’s modernization program was rooted in the mixture of capitalism and socialism? How did it work? How successful was it?
  • 4. After World War II most countries in the Middle East failed to establish viable economies and stable political systems. Why?

History 152 Test 4.

  • Part A. Locate the following countries of South-East Asia and indicate their capitals (20 points):
  • India Sri Lanka N. Korea S. Korea Japan Burma Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam Malaya Indonesia Philippines
  • Part B. Identify the following items (30 points):
  • Versailles Peace Treaty Spanish Civil War Decolonization Korean War Fascism Chaplin Solidarity Berlin Airlift EU Thatcher Churchill March on Washington
  • Part C. Write a comprehensive essay in response to the following (50 points). Cite your source and provide specific examples:
  • 1. The Great War left the most profound impact on the history of 20th century. In your opinion, what were its most important ramifications?
  • 2. The two World Wars brought a number of cumulative changes in the governments and societies of their major participants. According to the text, what were the most important of these changes?
  • 3. Some of the 20th century’s most noted figures (Yeats, Wiesel, Picasso, Camus, Ghandi, Szymborska) have bitterly criticized the concepts of “civilization” and “progress” in the light of the uses and misuses of technology since 1914. With a specific reference to one of these personalities, discuss the main points of this critique.
  • 4. In your opinion, who or what should be blamed for the Cold War? What were its most profound effects? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 5. In your opinion, what factors played the most critical role in the economic recovery of Western Europe after World War II?
  • 6. Throughout 20th century, the USSR and Japan tried to catch up with Western achievements in technology and industrialization. In your opinion, which country was more successful in this regard and why?

History 152 Test 3 (midterm). Part A. Locate the following countries. Indicate their modern capitals and the countries that had colonized them in the 19th century (30 points): Morocco Algeria Tunisia Sudan Cameroon Angola Mozambique Nigeria South Africa Congo/Zaire Rwanda Kenya Part. B. Identify the following items (30 points): Socialism Marx Social Darwinism “Scramble for Africa” Zionism unification of Italy feminism Meiji Colonialism Bismarck Reform Act of 1832 Opium Wars Communist Manifesto Part C. Write a comprehensive essay on the following. Support your assertions with specific examples and cite your source (40 points): 1. In your opinion, what were the main driving forces of the Industrial Revolution? What was so “revolutionary” about it?   2. Act as a champion or critic of the Industrial Revolution. What would be your line of argument?   3. Examine the connection between the Industrial Revolution and the rise of new political ideologies in the 19th century.   4. Explain the basic tenets of socialism and the reasons for its popularity around the world.   5. What were the main driving forces of colonialism in the 19th century? What were its main ramifications? 6. Explain the term “nationalism” and compare its different manifestations in the 19th Europe or Asia.

History 152 Test 2

  • Part I. Identify one of the following (30 points). See the guidelines for identification essay writing.
  • Fernand Braudel Voltaire Atlantic system Napoleon
  • Thomas Hobbes Rousseau Montesquieu Scientific Revolution
  • John Locke Glorious Revolution Vienna Congress Enlightenment
  • Part II. Write a comprehensive essay on one of the following (70 points). Cite your source and support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 1. In your opinion, what were the most profound repercussions of the demographic shifts in the world system between 1500 and 1800?
  • 2. In your opinion, what were the most profound repercussions of slave trade in the Atlantic Ocean basin between 1500 and 1800? How did slavery affect the Western world?.
  • 3. Some historians have argued that the Atlantic revolutions reflected the “general will” of the population. Other commentators, however, stressed that the men of property carried out revolutions in pursuit of their own economic and political interests. Which argument seems more convincing to you?
  • 4. According to the Western theoretical concept, the American revolution was ideologically-driven. The proponents of Marxism, however, argue that a group of wealthy merchants and businessmen simply utilized the revolutionary ideology to pursue their selfish interests. In your opinion, which concept (Western or Marxist) seems more convincing to you?
  • 5. The French revolution began as a movement to establish a constitutional monarchy on the model of the Glorious Revolution, but ultimately became more radical and violent. Why?
  • 6. Although the revolutions in Latin America resulted in the establishment of independent republics, they were the least progressive in comparison to the revolutions in England, France, and the United States. Why?

History 152 Test 1 Write a comprehensive essay in response to one of the following. Support your arguments with specific examples (cite page numbers from your textbook). :

  • 1. Your textbook shows that modern capitalism originated between 1500 and 1700. In your opinion, what were the most important features of this development?
  • 2. In your opinion, what were the main driving forces and ramifications of the European geographic explorations?
  • 3. Some historians have argued that the Protestant Reformation made the Protestant countries more successful in economics and financial matters than their Catholic rivals. In your opinion, is such assertion correct?
  • 4. In your opinion, how effectively did the Islamic empires respond to the increasing European dominance in international trade and commerce in 1500-1700
  • 5. In your opinion, how effectively did Russia or China respond to the increasing European dominance in international trade and commerce in 1500-1700?

History 152 Final Test. Part A. Locate the following countries and identify their modern capitals (20 points):

  • Rwanda Sudan Cameroon Angola South Africa
  • Kenya Libya Ethiopia Madagascar Somalia
  • Mozambique Ghana Morocco Algeria Nigeria
  • Part B. Write one identification essay on the following (30 points):
  • Nasser OPEC Mandela Jacobo Arbenz Che
  • Camp David Treaty Khomeini Apartheid Peron NAFTA Pinochet PLO
  • Part C. Write one comprehensive essay on the following (50 points):
  • 1. After World War II most countries in the Middle East failed to establish viable economies and stable political systems. Why? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. In your opinion, what particular factors have contributed to the prevailing economic problems and fragmented politics in the post-colonial Africa? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. Despite numerous efforts, most Latin American countries today are still struggling to build viable economies and stable political systems. In your opinion, what are the main factors that inhibited these efforts? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 4. US policies in Latin America have fluctuated from the “Dollar Diplomacy” to NAFTA. In your opinion, what was the general effect of these policies on the region? Support your assertions with specific examples.

Test 5. Part A (20 points). Locate the following countries and identify their capitals: Pakistan India China N. Korea S. Korea Japan Burma Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam Malaya Indonesia Philippines Taiwan Part B. Write an identification essay on the following (30 points): Stalin Collectivization Co-Prosperity Sphere Prague Spring Korean War Khrushchev Solidarity movement Chernobyl’ Rape of Nanking Living Thoughts of Chairman Mao Indira Ghandhi ”Great Leap Forward” Part B. Write a comprehensive essay in response to one of the following (50 points). Cite your source and provide specific examples: 1. Michail Gorbachev’s “perestroika” and “glasnost’” reforms effectively led to the downfall of the Soviet Union. Why? 2. What were the main aspects of Japan’s “economic miracle”? How successful was it? 3. What were the main principles of Deng Xiaoping’s “Four Modernization” program? How successful was it? 4. India’s modernization program was rooted in the mixture of capitalism and socialism? How did it work? How successful was it?

History 152 Test 4. Identify one of the following:

  • Part. A. Identify the following items (40 points):
  • Versailles Peace Treaty Spanish Civil War Decolonization
  • Korean War Fascism Chaplin
  • Solidarity Berlin Airlift EU
  • Thatcher Globalization Guernica
  • Part B. Write a comprehensive essay in response to the following (60 points). Cite your source and provide specific examples:
  • 1. The Great War left the most profound impact on the 20th century. In your opinion, what were its most important ramifications? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. The two World Wars brought a number of cumulative changes in the governments and societies of their major participants. According to the text, what were the most important of these changes? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. Some of the 20th century’s most noted figures (Yeats, Wiesel, Picasso, Camus, Ghandi, Szymborska) have bitterly criticized the concepts of “civilization” and “progress” in the light of the uses and misuses of technology since 1914. With a specific reference to one of these personalities, discuss the main points of this critique.
  • 4. In your opinion, who or what should be blamed for the Cold War? What were its most profound effects? Support your assertions with specific examples.

History 152 Test 3. Part A. Locate the following countries. Indicate their modern capitals and the countries that had colonized them in the 19th century (30 points): Algeria Libya Sudan Ethiopia Somalia Nigeria Cameroon Kenya Angola Mozambique Congo/Zaire Rwanda Part. B. Identify the following items (30 points): Socialism Marxism Social Darwinism “Scramble for Africa” Zionism unification of Italy feminism Meiji Colonialism Bismarck Chartist movement Reform Act of 1832 Opium Wars Part C. Write a comprehensive essay on the following and cite your source (40 points): 1. How do you understand the concept of “industrial revolution”? What is so “revolutionary” about it? What were its positive and negative effects? Support your assertions with specific examples.   2.The 19th century is often called the “century of the middle class.” How do you explain this term? Support your assertions with specific examples.   3. Examine the connection between the Industrial Revolution and the rise of new political ideologies in the 19th century. Support your assertions with specific examples.   4. Explain the basic tenets of Marxism and the reasons for its attraction to so many people around the world. Support your assertions with specific examples.   5. What were the main driving forces of colonialism in the 19th century? What ideas and arguments were employed to justify it? Support your assertions with specific examples.   6. Explain the term “nationalism” and compare its different manifestations in the 19th Europe and Asia. Support your assertions with specific examples.

History 152 Final Test. Part A. Locate the following countries and identify their modern capitals (20 points):

  • Morocco Algeria Sudan Cameroon
  • Angola Nigeria Congo (Zaire) Rwanda
  • Kenya Libya South Africa Ethiopia
  • Madagascar Somalia Mozambique Ghana
  • Part B. Write an identification essay on the following (30 points):
  • Suez Canal Crisis Camp David Treaty Khomeini
  • Balfour Declaration Nasser OPEC
  • Mandela Apartheid Rwanda
  • Jacobo Arbenz Peron Che
  • NAFTA Pinochet PLO
  • Darfur

History 152 Final Test Part C. Write a comprehensive essay on the following (50 points):

  • 1. Define Sun Yat-Sen’s “Three People’s Principles.” In your opinion, which state in South-East Asia came closest to implement these principles? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. In your opinion, what particular factors have contributed to the prevailing economic problems and fragmented politics in the post-colonial Africa? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. Mao Zedong and Fidel Castro transformed their respective countries. Who, in your opinion, managed to have built a more viable economic system? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 4. After World War II but a few countries in the Middle East have established relatively stable political systems, economies and currencies, while most continue to stagnate. Why? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 5. Despite various efforts, most Latin American countries today are still struggling to build viable economies. In your opinion, what are the main factors that inhibited these efforts? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 6. Analyze the following statement: “China and India have clearly demonstrated that large nations find their own developmental patterns, appropriate to each country’s cultural heritage and economic potential.” Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 7. Discuss and compare various approaches to economic development in two modern states in Africa. In your opinion, which one is more successful? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 8. US policies in Latin America has fluctuated from “Dollar Diplomacy” to NAFTA. In your opinion, what was the general effect of these policies on the region? Support your assertions with specific examples.

Test 5. Part A (30 points). Locate the following countries, identify their capitals and the major religious denominations (traditionally practiced by the demographic majority): Pakistan India Nepal Mongolia China N. Korea S. Korea Japan Bhutan Bangladesh Burma Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam Malaya Indonesia Philippines Taiwan Sri Lanka Part B. Write an identification essay on the following (70 points): Mexican revolution Versailles Peace Treaty Spanish Civil War Prague Spring Korean War Appeasement Khrushchev Solidarity movement Chernobyl’ Rape of Nanking NEP Prague Spring Mikhail Gorbachev Margaret Thatcher Japan’s “economic miracle” Guomindang Living Thoughts of Mao Cultural Revolution Indira Ghandhi Kashmir Berlin Blockade

History 152 Test 4. Write an essay on the following:

  • In your opinion, what were the most important consequences of World War I? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • The two World Wars brought a number of cumulative changes in the governments and societies of their major participants. According to the text, what were the most important of these changes? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • Some of the 20th century’s most noted figures (Yeats, Wiesel, Picasso, Camus, Ghandi, Szymborska) have bitterly criticized the concepts of “civilization” and “progress” in the light of the uses and misuses of technology since 1914. With specific references to two of these personalities, discuss the main points of this critique.
  • In your opinion, who or what should be blamed for the Cold War? What were its most profound effects? Support your assertions with specific examples.

History 152 Test 3. Identify the following:

  • socialism Karl Marx Social Darwinism
  • “Scramble for Africa” unification of Italy feminism
  • unification of Germany Meiji Restoration
  • Colonialism “Second Industrial Revolution”
  • Chartist movement Reform Act of 1832 “Sick Man of Europe”
  • Opium Wars Zionism Emmeline Pankhurst
  • Crimean War Bismarck Russian-Japanese War

History 152 Test 1 Write a comprehensive essay in response to the following:

  • 1. By 1500 Europe had slowly begun emerging from the turbulent Dark Ages. In your opinion, what were the main driving forces of this process? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. Your textbook shows that modern capitalism originated between 1500 and 1700. How would you define it? In your opinion, what were the most apparent signs of this development? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. In your opinion, what were the main driving forces of the European geographic explorations? Support your arguments with specific examples.
  • 4. Compare and analyze the geographic explorations by a Roman-Catholic and a Protestant state between the 16th and 18th centuries. In your opinion, which one was more successful? Why? Support your arguments with specific examples.
  • 5. The socio-economic development of the Islamic empires between 1500 and 1700 was quite different from western Europe. In your opinion, what were the main differences? Support your arguments with specific examples.
  • 6. In your opinion, how effectively did one of the following countries - Russia, China or Japan - respond to the increasing European dominance in international trade and commerce? Support your arguments with specific examples.
  • Test 2
  • Part I. Identify the following items (30 points):
  • Quakers Fernand Braudel Columbian exchange
  • Thomas Hobbes John Locke Bill of Rights 1689
  • Voltaire Jean-Jacques Rousseau Montesquieu
  • Robespierre Napoleon Bolivar
  • Part II. Write a comprehensive essay on the following (70 points):
  • 1. In your opinion, what were the most crucial political, social, and economic repercussions of slave trade in the Atlantic Ocean basin between 1500 and 1800? How did slavery affect the Western world? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. In your opinion, what were the most crucial political, social, and economic repercussions of the European settlement in the New World or Polynesia in 1500-1800? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. In your opinion, which Atlantic revolution of the 17-19th centuries most closely reflected the “general will” of the population? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 4. Which concept (Marxist or Western) of the American revolution seems more convincing to you? Why? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 5. The French revolution began as a movement to establish a constitutional monarchy on the model of the English revolution 1688, but ultimately became more radical and violent than the American revolution. Why? In your opinion, what factors accounted to such radicalization? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 6. It has been argued that although the Latin American revolutions resulted in the establishment of independent republics on the model of the United States, in many aspects these were the least “revolutionary” revolutions of the period. Would you agree or disagree with such assessment? Support your assertions with specific examples.

History 152 Map Quiz 1 . Locate the following countries and Identify their modern capitals:

  • Guatemala Brazil Venezuela
  • Honduras Salvador Nicaragua
  • Panama Colombia Ecuador
  • Peru Bolivia Chile
  • Argentina Paraguay Uruguay

History 152 Quiz 1. What/who is?

  • Trade diasporas Machu Picchu
  • Jenne Zheng He
  • Genghis Khan Marco Polo
  • Guilds Tamerlane
  • Vasco de Gama Humanism
  • Vasco Nuňez de Balboa Safavids
  • Cultural transfer Martin Luther

History 152 Map Quiz 2. Locate the following countries, indicate their status by 1914, and identify their modern capitals:

  • Morocco Algeria
  • Sudan Cameroon
  • Angola Mozambique
  • Nigeria Congo/Zaire
  • Rwanda Kenya

History 152 Test 2 Write a comprehensive essay in response to the following:

  • 1. Assess the differences and commonalities in the “social contract” ideas as delineated by Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In your opinion, what exactly was the nature of this contract, according to each thinker? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 2. In your opinion, which Atlantic revolution of the 17-19th centuries most closely reflected the “general will” of the population? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. In your opinion, which Atlantic revolution of the 17-19th centuries was the least successful in achieving “liberty, equality, and fraternity”? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 4. How do you understand the concept of “industrial revolution”? What was so “revolutionary” about it? How did it affect the situation of a particular social group? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 5. Analyze the connection between the Industrial Revolution and the rise of a new political ideology of the 19th century. Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 6. Explain the term “nationalism” and examine its different manifestations in the 19th century Europe, America, or Asia. Was it a progressive or regressive force? Why? Support your assertions with specific examples.

History 152 Map quiz 3. Locate the following countries and identify their modern capitals and the dominant religious denominations:

  • Egypt Turkey Syria
  • Lebanon Israel Jordan
  • Saudi Arabia Iraq Iran
  • Kuwait Afghanistan Yemen
  • Oman UAE Qatar

History 152 Quiz 2. Write a comprehensive identification essay (see the sample in the syllabus):

  • Mexican revolution Russian revolution
  • Stalin Versailles Peace Treaty
  • Great Depression NSDAP
  • Munich Conference Spanish Civil War
  • Nazi-Soviet Pact Holocaust
  • Tokyo International Tribunal Berlin Airlift
  • Korean War Khrushchev
  • Prague Spring Solidarity movement

History 152 Map quiz 4. Locate the following countries, identify their modern capitals and the dominant religious denominations:

  • Pakistan India Nepal
  • Mongolia China N. Korea
  • S. Korea Japan Bhutan
  • Bangladesh Burma Thailand
  • Laos Cambodia Vietnam
  • Malaya Indonesia Philippines
  • Taiwan Sri Lanka

History 152 Quiz 1. Identify the following:

  • Suez Canal Crisis Camp David Peace Khomeini Algerian Revolution Solzhenitsyn McCarthyism
  • Jacobo Arbenz Brezhnev Doctrine Salvador Allende Charles de Gaulle Gorbachev Congo Crisis
  • NAFTA Pablo Escobar

History 152 Final Test Write a comprehensive essay in response to the following:

  • 1. In your opinion, who/what is to blame for the Cold War? Support your answer with specific examples.
  • 2. In your opinion, what factors in particular have contributed to the prevailing economic problems and fragmented politics in the post-colonial Africa? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 3. It has been argued that although Japan lost World War II, it eventually achieved its war-time goal of economic dominance in the post-war East Asia. Do you agree with such statement? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 4. After World War II but a few affluent Middle Eastern countries have established relatively stable political systems, economies and currencies, while most continue to stagnate. Why? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 5. In 1895 Porfirio Diaz said: “Poor Mexico - so far from God, so close to the United States.” What, in your opinion, did Diaz mean? To what extent his statement can be applied to Latin America today? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 6. “China and India have clearly demonstrated that large nations find their own developmental patterns, appropriate to each country’s cultural heritage and economic potential.” Do you agree with such argument? Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 7. In the 1950-1960s the “welfare state” was an efficient tool to rejuvenate Europe’s economies. From the 1970s, however, the system became less effective. Support your assertions with specific examples.
  • 8. The road to the European Union was long and arduous, but it was worth it. Support your assertions with specific examples.


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