Higher education commission islamabad-pakistan curriculum division, hec



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CURRICULUM
OF
AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY
BS/MS/PhD

Revised 2015






HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION

ISLAMABAD-PAKISTAN
CURRICULUM DIVISION, HEC

Prof. Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Chairman, HEC



Mr. Fida Hussain Director General (Acad)

Ms. Ghayyur Fatima Director (Curri)

Mr. Rizwan Shoukat Deputy Director (Curri)

Mr. AbidWahab Assistant Director (Curri)

Mr. Riaz-ul-Haque Assistant Director (Curri)

Composed by: Mr. Zulfiqar Ali, HEC, Islamabad



TABLE OF CONTENTS




Rationale

6



Aims and Objectives

7



Introduction

8



Framework/Template of 4-year BSc (Hons) in Agricultural Disciplines

12



Details of Foundation Course

15



Details of Major Courses

16



Detail of Major Courses for MS/MSc (Hons) in Agricultural Chemistry

41



Framework/Template for PhD in Agricultural Chemistry

55



Detail of Major Courses for PhD in Agricultural Chemistry

56



Compulsory Courses

73



Recommendations

86


PREFACE
The curriculum, with varying definitions, is said to be a plan of the teaching-learning process that students of an academic programme are required to undergo. It includes objectives & learning outcomes, course contents, scheme of studies, teaching methodologies and methods of assessment of learning. Since knowledge in all disciplines and fields is expanding at a fast pace and new disciplines are also emerging; it is imperative that curricula be developed and revised accordingly.
University Grants Commission (UGC) was designated as the competent authority to develop, review and revise curricula beyond Class-XII vide Section 3, Sub-Section 2 (ii), Act of Parliament No. X of 1976 titled “Supervision of Curricula and Textbooks and Maintenance of Standard of Education”. With the repeal of UGC Act, the same function was assigned to the Higher Education Commission (HEC) under its Ordinance of 2002, Section 10, Sub-Section 1 (v).
In compliance with the above provisions, the Curriculum Division of HEC undertakes the revision of curricula after every three years through respective National Curriculum Revision Committees (NCRCs) which consist of eminent professors and researchers of relevant fields from public and private sector universities, R&D organizations, councils, industry and civil society by seeking nominations from their organizations.
In order to impart quality education which is at par with international standards, HEC NCRCs have developed unified templates as guidelines for the development and revision of curricula in the disciplines of Basic Sciences, Applied Sciences, Social Sciences, Agriculture and Engineering in 2007 and 2009.
It is hoped that this curriculum document, prepared by the respective NCRC’s, would serve the purpose of meeting our national, social and economic needs, and it would also provide the level of competency specified in Pakistan Qualification Framework to make it compatible with international educational standards. The curriculum is also placed on the website of HEC (www.hec.gov.pk).
(Fida Hussain)

Director General (Academics)
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PROCESS



Rationale:
Agricultural chemistry deals all aspects of agriculture for food/feed production, processing, packaging, food quality & safety, nutrition and utilization of materials including bioenergy. The subject also investigate the causes and effects of biochemical reactions related to plant and animal growth, seek ways to control these reactions, and develop chemical products that provide help in controlling these reactions. Chemical products developed to assist in the production of food, feed, and fiber include herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, plant growth regulators, fertilizers, and animal feed supplements. So, Agricultural chemistry being a distinct discipline, ties together genetics, physiology, microbiology, entomology, soil, organic chemistry, biochemistry and other sciences that contribute chemical techniques to agriculture. The actual work can entail the grand or the mundane, but the importance of their shared mission provides a sense of responsibility and satisfaction in the role of their work in society.
The principal aim of Agricultural Chemistry is to increase yield, improve quality and support the global population in a sustainable way while being responsible stewards of our environment and ecosystem. With this in mind, the curriculum of Agricultural Chemistry is re-designed and updated to help students acquire a critical awareness about global food security issues, to alert them to the need to be vigilant about the consequences of their decisions and actions, and to provide them with opportunities to take action for positive change. The core objective is to train students to meet the present day needs of foods security within the available resources. The key goals are: 1. Eradicate poverty, ignorance, and hunger 2. Achieve maximum yield per acre 3. Promote new ideas, instruments and procedures for higher yield 4. Reduce food and postharvest losses 5. Improve value added products 6. Combat pathogens and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a Global Partnership for agriculture Development and farmer’s lifestyle.
For this purpose, we require efficient and skilful agricultural chemistry professionals who should be competent enough to motivate/convince farmers to fully understand and utilize the latest innovations in agriculture, develop technology and then disseminate to local industry. The curriculum in the discipline of Agricultural chemistry has therefore been updated to meet the present day needs of our country. Efforts have been made to make a world-class curriculum so that Pakistani students should be able to compete for the relevant jobs in international market.
The task of curriculum development has been accomplished with great zeal, enthusiasm, passion and sense of responsibility. It is anticipated that its successful implementation in all institutions across Pakistan shall produce well-trained graduates competent enough to achieve targets of self-sufficiency in food for ensuring food security of Pakistan.

Aims and Objectives


  • Upgrade and update the knowledge regarding the progress in Agricultural Chemistry and related disciplines.




  • To bring uniformity with curricula taught in different universities of the country offering Agricultural Chemistry as major.




  • To develop the curriculum which is need based and continuous developments shall be made considering the changing global and national requirements.




  • To bring standards of national agricultural universities at par with the international universities.




  • Provide recent trends and skills in research to help in an agricultural system which can meet the need of our country and contribute to global requirement as well.




  • Encourage students to broaden their knowledge and develop their own capabilities and self-confidence.




  • Advance communication and interpersonal skills, both verbal and written particularly in the context of the Agricultural Chemistry.




  • To develop critical and rational reasoning in the Students so that they will be able to work on complex and unforeseen problems and seek their solution.




  • To develop hands-on experience in different laboratory techniques for the promotion of local food and pharmaceutical industry.




  • To train our youth for careers in teaching, research and industry in government / private organizations.


Introduction:
National Curriculum Revision Committee (NCRC) of the HEC revisits the scheme of studies on Agricultural Chemistry with input from leading educators. The educators represented the Professors, Researchers, academicians from universities as well as professionals from research organizations, agri-based industries and NGO’s. A preliminary meeting was held from 13-15 January at HEC Regional Center Karachi, Karachi and finally it was reviewed in the second Final meeting that was held on April 28-30, 2015 at University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Faisalabad. The committee focused on the development of curriculum in consonance with the national and international demands and realities and to review and upgrade the current syllabus. The following experts participated in the meeting:


Sr. No.

Name & Address





Dr. Anwar Ali Shad

Associate Professor

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, FNS

The University of Agriculture, Peshawar.




Convener



Dr. Haq Nawaz Bhatti,

Professor / Chairman,

Department of Chemistry,

University of Agriculture,

Faisalabad.


Member



Prof. Dr. Syed Abdul Majid,

Professor& Chairman,

Department of Botany,

University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Muzaffarabad



Member



Dr. Ismat Naeem,

Professor,

Department of Chemistry, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore.


Member



Prof. Dr. Muhammad Umar Khan,

Professor / Chairman,

Faculty of Agriculture,

Department of Agricultural Chemistry,

Gomal University,

Dera Ismail Khan



Member



Professor Dr. Saghir Ahmad Sheikh.

Dean,Faculty of Crop Production

Institute of Food Sciences and Technology,

Sindh Agriculture University,

Tandojam


Member



Dr. Arjumand Iqbal Durrani,

Associate Professor,

Department of Chemistry,

University of Engineering & Technology,

Lahore.


Member



Dr. Farooq Ahmad Kiani,

Associate Professor,

Research Centre for Modeling and Simulation, National University of Sciences & Technology, Acad-I Building, NUST. H-12, Islamabad.


Member



Dr. Tahir Mehmood

Assistant Professor of Biochemistry

Department of Chemistry,

University of Sargodha, Sargodha.



Member

10.

Dr. Barkat Ali Khan,

Senior Research Officer,

Agricultural Research Institute,

Tarnab, Peshawar.



Member

11.

Dr. Maazullah Khan,

Principal Engineer,

Food Science Division,

Nuclear Institute for Food & Agriculture (NIFA), Tarnab, Peshawar



Member

12.

Mr. Saeed Akhtar Abro

Assistant Professor,

Institute of Plant Sciences,

University of Sindh, Jamshoro.



Member

13.

Dr Zia-ul-hassan,

Assistant Professor of Soil Science, Sindh Agriculture University,

Tandojam-70060


Member

14.

Dr. Muhammad Arif Ali,

Assistant Professor,

Department of Soil Sciences,

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences & Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University,

Multan.


Member

15.

Dr. Amjad Iqbal,

Assistant Professor,

Department of Agriculture

Abdul Wali khan University,

Mardan


Member

16

Dr. Fayyaz Ahmed,

Cheif Executive Officer (CEO),

Eco-Foods,

14-Kilometer Multan Road, Lahore.



Member


17

Dr. Midrar Ul Haq

Peshawar Region

Fauji Fertilizer Company


Member

18

Dr Saba Jamil

Assistant Professor,

Department of Chemistry,

University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.



Member

19.

Dr. Rashid Mahmood,

Assistant Professor,

Soil Sciences,

Institute of Agricultural Sciences,

University of the Punjab,

New Campus, Lahore.



Secretary


Proceeding of the First NCRC Meeting
A meeting of the National Committee for Curriculum Revision was held from 13-15 January at HEC Regional Center Karachi. The Meeting started with recitation of verses from the holy Quran. Mr. Fida Hussain, Director General Academics welcomed the participants and briefed them about the significant and objectives of the meeting through video link from HEC Islamabad. Ms. Ghayyur Fatima, Director Curriculum HEC coordinated the meeting and assured them that the Regional Centre would extend all sort of facilities to make their stay comfortable. She briefed them about the overall structure of template/framework of BS (4-years), MS (2-years) and PhD (4-years) programme, being developed by the conveners of the National Curriculum Revision Committee. The Committee before taking up the regular agenda unanimously agreed to select Dr. Anwar Ali Shad as convener and Dr. Rashid Mahmood, as secretary of the meeting. Dr. Anwar Shad, in his opening remarks, thanked the participants for reposing confidence in him and assured the house forhis full support, wherever and whenever it is needed.
The committee thoroughly reviewed the existing scheme of studies and course contents for BSc. (Hons)/BS, MSc. (Hons)/MS and PhD Agricultural Chemistry. After in-depth deliberations the course contents were revised to make them in-line with modern trends and international standards so that the graduates will be more competitive in the global scenario. Several new courses were included as well.After a long discussion, the following layout and scheme of study for BS/BSc. (Hons) 04-Years (Annexure-1), MS/MSc. (Hons) andPhDwas developed. All the newly developed and existing courses (Total 56) are assigned to honorable members for detail review. The convener assured the house that the opinion from Ex-students, researchers, professionals from agro-based industries and NGO’s will also be obtained and will be incorporated in the curricula. The curriculum as compiled by the Convener in the light of discussion of the committee was circulated among members on January 20, 2015.
At the closure of the meeting, members thanked HEC for its untiring efforts to achieve excellence in the academic standards of the country. They also thanked Ms. Ghayyur Fatima and the regional HEC hospitality and making their stay at Karachi very comfortable.
The meeting ended with Thanks from the Chair.

Proceeding of the Final NCRC Meeting
The second & final meeting started with recitation of verses from the Holy Quran. Ms. Ghayyur Fatima, Director Curriculum HEC and Dean Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad welcomed the participants and assured them of all possible help and assistance to make this program a success.
The Convener of the NCRC (Agricultural Chemistry) welcomed all the members and thanked the participants and HEC for providing this opportunity then briefed the members on the work done in the last meeting and appreciated their valuable inputs that was incorporated in the draft that was already circulated. He also shared the members that separate meetings were arranged with Ex-students, Researchers and professionals from NGO’s and Industries to obtained their opinions and inputs regarding Agricultural Chemistry as a discipline.
The Convener informed the members that there are two newly established universities in Baluchistan Province but unfortunately no one represent in this NCRC (Agricultural Chemistry) due to unforeseen reason. Therefore, the faculty members from Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences, Lasbela and Balochistan Agriculture College, Quetta were also contacted through various means and briefed about the curricula. They also contributed in this national cause. The committee then took up the agenda of the meeting and started discussion on the course outlines, one by one. After methodical discussions and deliberations, necessary changes were made in the courses and the proposed draft was developed for Agricultural Chemistry, comprising core and supporting courses. More emphasis has been given to the major courses in Agricultural Chemistry at post graduate level. Sufficient flexibility has also been incorporated in the curriculum for giving more emphasis to the courses to cater the need of the area where university/college/institute is located. Recommendations were chalked out towards the end of the meeting.
Convener Dr Anwar Ali Shad on behalf of all the members thanked Vice Chancellor University of Agriculture, Faisalabad and Ms. Ghayyur Fatima, Director Curriculum HEC for their comfortable stay at Faisalabad. The meeting adjourned with vote of thanks and appreciation to all members for attending the meeting and their contributions by the Convener.
FRAMEWORK/TEMPLATE OF 4-YEAR BSc. (HONS.)

IN AGRICULTURAL DISCIPLINES

1. Compulsory Courses Credit Hours
Mathematics / Biology (2 courses) 6 (3-0) (2-1)

Statistics 1 & 2 6 (3-0) (3-0)

Computers / IT 3 (2-1)

Pakistan Studies 2 (2-0)

Islamic Studies 2 (2-0)

Communications Skills 3 (3-0)

English 3 (3-0)

Basic Agriculture 3 (2-1)



Sub-Total: 28
2. Interdisciplinary Foundation courses
Agronomy 3 (2-1)

Plant Breeding & Genetics 3 (2-1)

Agriculture Chemistry 3 (2-1)

Entomology 3 (2-1)

Plant Pathology 3 (2-1)

Food Technology 3 (2-1)

Horticulture 3 (2-1)

Soil Sciences 3 (2-1)



Sub-Total: 24
3. Supporting Courses {6 – 8 courses (3 Cr. Hr) amongst below}
Agriculture Extension

Forestry & Range Management

Animal Science

Marketing & Agri. Business

Rural Development

Human Nutrition

Agriculture Engineering

Water Management

Agriculture Economics

Any other discipline recommended by the university



Sub-Total 18-24
Sub-Total during the first four semesters 70 – 76

Semester 5, 6, 7 & 8 56-60

Project / Internship 4

Grand Total 130 – 140
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