Eng 213 final exam



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ENG 213 FINAL EXAM

ENG 213 FINAL EXAM

  • An Introduction to Language
  • By Fromkin, Rodman & Hyams
  • 8th Edition, 2007

Assimilation Rules

  • Voicing
  • Nasalization
  • Aspiration
  • Palatalization
  • Vowel lengthening
  • Fronting
  • Rounding

Contrast I

  • Competence-Performance
  • Deixis of Time-Place-Person
  • Homonyms-Polysemes
  • Cognates-Heteronyms-Homophones
  • Synonyms-Antonyms-Converses

Contrast II

  • Pidgin-Creole
  • Marked-Unmarked Forms
  • Ideograms-Pictograms-Syllabary
  • Alphabet-Morphophonemic System
  • Broca’s-Wernike’s Aphasia

Definitions I

  • AMESLAN
  • Etymology
  • Contradiction
  • Critical Age Hypothesis
  • Corpus Colosum
  • Cuneiform
  • Hieroglyph

Definitions II

  • Ideolect
  • Innateness Hypothesis
  • Rebus Principle
  • Spelling Pronunciation
  • Tautology
  • Verner’s Law

Examples

  • Artificial Language
  • Metanalysis

Indo-European Languages

  • Celtic (4)
  • Romance (7)
  • Germanic (10)
  • Slavic (9)
  • Indo-Iranian (5)

Listing (10 of each)

Long-Answer Essay (15 pts each)

  • 1. Explain pragmatics in detail, using examples from English to support your explanation.
  • 2. Explain “semantics” in detail, using examples from English to support your explanation.

Short-Answer Essay (5 pts each)

  • 1. Compare and contrast animal languages with human languages.
  • 2. Draw the great English vowel shift
  • 3. Draw Grimm’s law
  • 4. Explain why the human brain is capable of language while the animal brain is not.

Vowel Grades (25 pts)

          • A E I O U
  • Long
  • Short
  • R-
  • Schwa
  • Zero

Silent vs. Non-Silent Consonants

  • Muscle
  • Thumb
  • Sign
  • Knowledge
  • mnemonic

!Full vs. Reduced Grade of Consonants

  • Critic
  • Part
  • Sonar
  • describe

!!Morphophonemic Spelling System

  • Give seven insights that are provided by a morphophonemic spelling system which are not provided by a phonemic spelling system.

!!!Fromkin-Rodman-Hyams PowerPoints



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