Delta's key To the Next Generation toefl test



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DELTA'S Key To the Next Generation TOEFL Test


Advanced Skill Practice for the iBT
NANCY GALLAGHER

INTRODUCTION


The Next Generation TOEFL® Test

Contents


DELTA'S Key To the Next Generation TOEFL Test 1

How to Use this Book 4

PART 1 - READING 7

PART 2 - LISTENING 217

PART 3-SPEAKING 302

PART 4-WRITING 374

ANSWER KEY 547

PART 1-READING 547

PART 2-LISTENING 598

PART 3-SPEAKING 634

PART 4 - WRITING 648

AUDIO SCRIPTS 703

PART 2-LISTENING 703

PART 3 - SPEAKING 772

PART 4-WRITING 806


The Test of English as a Foreign Language' (TOEFL') is a standardized test that measures the English proficiency of students who wish to enter college and university programs in the United States and Canada, The TOEFL is produced and administered by Educational Testing Service, a professional test development organization in Princeton, New Jersey, USA.

The Nest Generation TOEFL' Test is the Internet-based test introduced worldwide in September 2005. This new version of [he test replaces the earlier computer-based TOEFL Test (CBT) The new test has four sections covering the language skills of reading, listening, speaking, and writing. The test is approximately 3% hours long, with one 10-minute break after the Listening section.

NEXT GENERATION TOEFL* TEST

Section

Content

Number of Questions

Approximate Time

Reading

3 passages

36-42

60 minutes

Listening

2 conversations 4 lectures

34

50 minutes

Speaking

2 independent tasks 4 integrated-skills tasks

6

20 minutes

Writing

1 integrated-skills task I independent task

2

60 minutes

In the Reading section, students read three passages and answer questions about them In the Listening section, students listen to two conversations and four lectures and answer questions about them. In the Speaking section, students speak in response to two questions about their own experience and four questions about texts that they listen to or read during the test. In the Writing section, students write in response to two questions. One question is about a reading passage and a lecture, and the other question is about a general topic.

The most important differences between the new TOEFL test and previous versions of the lest are:

Note taking is allowed throughout The test.

Speaking skills are evaluated.

Some questions involve integrated skills, such as reading-listening-speaking.

Knowledge of grammar is not tested separately but is tested indirectly in all sections of the test.

The content of the new TOEFL test reflects the language that is used in real academic settings. The content is based on a collection of spoken and written language that Educational Testing Service obtained from educational institutions throughout the United States The spoken language came from lectures, class discussions, office hours, study groups, and service interactions such as conversations at the library. The written language was collected from textbooks and other course materials.

Introduction

The Speaking and Writing sections of the test include some tasks that integrate, or combine, language skills. For example, a student might read a passage, listen to a lecture, and then write or speak in response. The integrated skills tasks reflect how people use language in real life; thus, they give academic programs a more realistic measure of how well prospective students will be able to communicate in an English- speaking environment.

For the most current information about the TOEFL test, including information on test dates and how to register to take the test, visit the official TOEFL Web site at: www.ets.org/toefi.

Scoring on the New Test

TOEFL scores help the admissions staff of colleges and universities to determine if a student's English skills are adequate for enrollment in a specific program of study. There is no single passing score: rather, institutions set their own standards for admission.

The TOEFL score report will show:
a separate score of 0 to 30 for each of the four language skills;

a total test score of 0 to 120; and

a TOEFL CBT score comparison.

In the Reading section, most correct answers will earn I raw point each, but some questions are worth 2, 3. or 4 points. In the Listening section, most correct answers will earn 1 raw point, but some questions are worth 2 points. In the Speaking section, each of the six responses will earn a raw score of I to 4 points. In the Writing section, the two responses will each earn a raw score of 1 to 5 points. In each section of The test, the total number of raw points earned will be converted lo a scaled section score of 0 to 30.




NEXT GENERATION TOEFL* TEST

Section

Number of Questions

Raw Points per Question

Total Raw Points

Scaled Section Score

Reading

36-12

1-4

42-46

30

Listening

34

1-2

34 36

30

Speaking

6

1-4

24

30

Writing

2

1-5

10

30

Total Test Score

120

The four section scores will be combined to obtain The total test score, which is on a scale of 0 to 120. The score report will also show a comparison between the total score and a score on the previous version of the test, the TOEFL CBT. For example, a total score of 100 on the Next Generation TOEFL test is equivalent to a score of 250 on the TOEFL CBT.

TOTAL SCORE COMPARISON

Next Generation

TOEFL Test



TOEFL" CBT Test

Paper-based TOEFL Test

120

100

677

100

250

600

BO

211

550

61

173

500

4b

133

450




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