Copyright: Vithalbhai Jhaveri/GandhiServe



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  • GANDHI
  • "Copyright: Vithalbhai Jhaveri/GandhiServe"
  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Year 12 History

Contents

  • This powerpoint presentation is designed to be used as an introduction or for revision of History 2.6 AS90470 version 2.
  • ‘Examine individual or group identity in an historical setting, in an essay.’
  • Focus is on Gandhi as the Individual
  • Factors that have contributed to the formation of an individual
  • Expression of that identity
  • Characteristics of Gandhi
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Achievement with Excellence

  • Comprehensively explain a range of factors that have contributed to the formation of an individual or group identity, and ways the identity was expressed, in an historical setting.
  • Comprehensively explain characteristics of the individual or group identity.
  • Extract from NZQA History 2.6 AS 90470 Version 2

FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY: Father WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED:

  • Gandhi drawing by Fitzgerald.
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FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY: Hindu

  • Indian
  • Unity of religion
  • Vegetarian
  • Spiritual
  • Gita
  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED:

FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY:

  • Wife
  • WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED:
  • Child marriage
  • Children
  • Women’s rights
  • Scenes from old India, women at tomb of Itmad-ud-daula, Agra, India (photographer unknown: SchoolhistoryNZ collection.

FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY: The British Empire WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED: Supporter Ambulance Corps English language Anglophile London Viceroy Quit India

  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY:
  • Nationalism
  • WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED:
  • Campaigns
  • Politics
  • Promoting India
  • Hind Swaraj
  • Left: Village scene depicting poverty in old India, (photographer unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.
  • FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY:
  • South Africa
  • WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED:
  • Lawyer
  • Reputation
  • Satyagraha
  • FACTOR CONTRIBUTING TO GANDHI’S IDENTITY:
  • Train
  • WAYS IDENTITY EXPRESSED:
  • Humility
  • Satyagraha
  • Miniature sheet postage stamps issued by India to commemorate the Salt March.

Characteristics

  • Saintly:
  • Gandhi was influenced early by his ‘saintly and deeply religious’ mother.
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  • Left: Workers at the River Duma (photographer unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.

Characteristics

  • Energetic:
  • He was an active man right until his death.
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Characteristics

  • Educated :
  • He was a university graduate and a skilful lawyer.
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Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Khadi: He encouraged the spinning of khadi and it became a symbol of Gandhi and his cause.
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Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Politician:
  • He became an able politician; someone equally at ease with people from the highest and lowest backgrounds. He became leader of the Congress party and India’s representative at the Round Table Conferences.
  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Top-right: water carrier at Taj Mahal, India (photographer unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.

Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Organiser:
  • His campaigns of protest became legendary for their simplicity and effectiveness. He quickly saw what needed to be done and was able to come up with innovative political solutions.
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Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Spiritual:
  • Gandhi was given the title of ‘Mahatma’ for his spirituality and leadership qualities. He transcended religion and it was something of a spiritual experience to see or be near Gandhi.
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Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Staff:
  • Gandhi always walked where he could and used a long staff as a walking stick. He had so few possessions: glasses, staff, sandals, book and monkey ornament, that they came to symbolise the man himself.
  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Above: "Copyright: Vithalbhai Jhaveri/GandhiServe"

Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Revered:
  • He was universally admired for his determination and genuine spirituality and belief in equality and non-violence.
  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Scenes from the River Duma (photographer unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.

Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Indian:
  • As an Indian Gandhi was the right man in the right place at the right time.
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  • Scenes from India (photographers unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.

Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Unwavering:
  • He never lost sight of his causes and persisted until the end even though at times he compromised his personal relationships.
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  • Scenes from India (photographers unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.

Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Dhoti: His distinctive loincloth which he made himself allowed him to identify with the peasants and became symbolic of the man and his beliefs, and became a symbol of Gandhi and his cause.
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  • ‘Punch’ cartoon depicting Gandhi and Jinnah.”When East meets West” August 9, 1944

Characteristics

  • Characteristics
  • Leader:
  • His humble demeanour and his quick wit combined with his astute reading of people and the law made him an able leader.
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Summary

  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Gandhi the Failure
  • Caste system still survives.
  • Hindu/Muslims still divided.
  • Non-violence has few followers in India today.
  • Simple living not attractive.
  • Inconsistent views.
  • Simplistic views of the economy
  • Gandhi the Success
  • He remains an ideal
  • Commitment to non violence was unshakeable
  • Commitment to truth an example to others.
  • Satyagraha was new and effective
  • Inspiration to Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela

Scenes of old ‘India’

  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Scenes from the River Duma (photographer unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.
  • Above right: Scenes from India (photographer unknown: schoolhistoryNZ collection.

Video 1

  • WWW.SCHOOLHISTORY.CO.NZ
  • Real News Footage of Mahatma Gandhi 1948, India, approx 45 secs
  • Footage: "Courtesy: GandhiServe Foundation, www.gandhiserve.org"

Great Gandhi Posters Available Contact

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