Chapter eight True/False



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chapter eight
True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. In 1789, Congress set up the State Department, the Treasury Department, and the War Department to help President Washington run the government.
____ 2. The federal court system established by the Judiciary Act of 1789, allowed state courts to have more power than federal courts.
____ 3. The Bill of Rights limits the power of government and protects the rights of individuals.
____ 4. Southern states did not like Hamilton's plan to pay off the federal debt because they owed less for the cost of the American Revolution than Northern states.
____ 5. The Whiskey Rebellion was a civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government.
____ 6. The Proclamation of Neutrality barred French and English warships from American ports.
____ 7. Many people opposed Jay's Treaty because it allowed British soldiers to remain on American soil until 1803.
____ 8. Washington was turned down when he offered to serve three terms as president.
____ 9. As members of Washington's cabinet, Hamilton and Jefferson shared many of the same ideas on economic policy and foreign relations.
____ 10. Washington expressed concern that political parties were a threat to the ability of the people in government to work together.
____ 11. Federalists believed in a strong federal government that used representatives to speak for the people.
____ 12. Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts in an effort to protect the security of the nation.
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 13. With which of the following did Congress establish a federal court system?

a.

Bill of Rights

c.

Judiciary Act of 1789

b.

Hamilton's Plan

d.

Report on the Public Credit

____ 14. What department handles relations with other nations?



a.

State Department

c.

Treasury Department

b.

War Department

d.

Foreign Department

____ 15. To open Ohio to white settlement, Anthony Wayne forced 12 Native American nations from the Great Lakes region to sign the



a.

Treaty of Greenville.

c.

Treaty of the Great Lakes.

b.

Shawnee Treaty.

d.

Anthony Wayne Treaty.

____ 16. A person favoring one side of a political issue is



a.

a faction.

c.

a party favor.

b.

partisan.

d.

implying power.

____ 17. The Democratic-Republicans believed in



a.

state banks.

c.

rule by the wealthy class.

b.

a national bank.

d.

protective tariffs.

____ 18. The Democratic-Republicans believed in strong state governments and



a.

rule by the wealthy class.

c.

a strong federal government.

b.

a national bank.

d.

rule by the people.

____ 19. What law made it illegal to criticize the government?



a.

Alien Act

c.

Naturalization Act

b.

Sedition Act

d.

Tyranny Act

____ 20. What made it more difficult for white aliens to become citizens?



a.

Alien Act

c.

Naturalization Act

b.

Sedition Act

d.

XYZ affair

____ 21. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799 spelled out a theory of



a.

states' rights.

c.

federal rights.

b.

individual rights.

d.

soldiers' rights.

____ 22. What are the first 10 amendments that were added to the Constitution?



a.

Report on Public Credit

c.

Judiciary Act of 1789

b.

Bill of Rights

d.

American Government Plan

____ 23. The amount the nation's government owes is called the



a.

national loan.

c.

national plan.

b.

national debt.

d.

national credit.

____ 24. Most Americans considered Jay's Treaty



a.

dishonorable.

c.

an act of treason.

b.

honorable.

d.

an act of courage.

____ 25. George Washington warned that political parties would



a.

divide the nation.

c.

help the nation.

b.

create lively debate.

d.

destroy states' rights.

____ 26. Which view did Thomas Jefferson not hold?



a.

rule by the wealthy class

c.

strong state government

b.

pro-French ideas

d.

pro-state banks

____ 27. Federalists believed in



a.

free trade.

c.

a national bank.

b.

state banks.

d.

rule by the people.

____ 28. To prepare for an election, the Federalists and the Republicans held meetings called



a.

caucuses.

c.

political gatherings.

b.

Constitution meetings.

d.

partisan power meetings.

____ 29. What law gave the president the power to deport aliens?



a.

Sedition Act

c.

Citizen Act

b.

XYZ affair

d.

Alien Act

____ 30. What made it a crime to speak, write, or publish "false, scandalous and malicious" criticisms of the government?



a.

XYZ affair

c.

Sedition Act

b.

Citizen Act

d.

Alien Act

____ 31. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions suggested that states might



a.

be bound by federal laws.

c.

nullify federal laws.

b.

write their own laws.

d.

overturn neighboring states' laws.

“The President was conducted out of the middle window into the gallery [overlooking Wall Street], and the oath was administered by the Chancellor [the highest judicial officer in the state of New York]. Notice that the business done was communicated to the crowd by proclamation . . . who gave three cheers, and repeated it on the President’s bowing to them.

“As the company returned into the Senate chamber, the President took the chair and the Senators and Representatives took their seats. He rose, and all arose also, and [he] addressed them. The great man was agitated and embarrassed more than ever he was by the leveled cannon or pointed musket. He trembled, and several times could scarce make out to read, though it must be supposed he had often read it before. . . . [I wished] that this first of men had read off his address in the plainest manner, without ever taking his eyes from the paper, for I felt hurt that he was not first in everything.”

–Senator William Maclay of Pennsylvania, April 30, 1789


____ 32.



Which statement best describes Senator Maclay’s impression of George Washington at this first inaugural event?




a.

He was impressed by Washington’s powerful speech.

b.

He was disappointed by Washington’s nervousness.

c.

He enjoyed Washington’s easy rapport with the audience.

d.

He was confused by the contradictions in Washington’s speech.

“You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.”


____ 33.



James Madison said this quotation during the process of drafting the Constitution in _____.




a.

1779

c.

1787

b.

1782

d.

1791

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

–United States Constitution, Amendment I
____ 34.



The First Amendment protects the _____ of individuals in the United States.




a.

right to vote

c.

right to bear arms

b.

civil liberties

d.

right to a fair trial

“A well regulated Militia. being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”


____ 35.



This meaning of the Second Amendment, quoted here, has often been debated in regard to which issue?


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