Chapter 1 Understanding Your Health Lesson 1 What Is Health and Wellness?



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  • Lesson 1
  • What Is Health and Wellness?
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 1 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

Do Now

  • In your notebook, write down 5 or more conflicts that you have gotten into in YOUR life.
    • Example: Yesterday, I argued with my parents because I didn’t want to clean my room when they wanted me to.
    • Example: Last year, my best friend and I stopped talking to each other after she spread a rumor about me.

EQ: How can conflicts be dealt with appropriately?

  • EQ: How can conflicts be dealt with appropriately?
  • EU: Students will understand that conflicts are a normal part of daily life that can be dealt with in an appropriate way.
  • Agenda: Getting organized, PowerPoint, Skits

Your Health Triangle

  • Physical
  • Mental/ Emotional
  • Social

Physical Health

  • Eat nutritious foods and snacks.
  • Get regular checkups from
  • a doctor and a dentist.
  • Avoid harmful behaviors.
  • Physical Health

Mental/Emotional Health

  • You like and accept yourself.
  • You are able to handle challenges.
  • You find positive solutions to problems.
  • Mental/ Emotional Health

Social Health

  • Supporting the people you care about
  • Communicating with, respecting, and valuing people
  • Making and keeping friends
  • Social Health

Achieving a Healthy Balance

  • When one side of the health triangle changes, the other two are affected.
  • Over time, ignoring any side of your health triangle can affect your total health.

Wellness and Total Health

  • When your health is in balance, you are more likely to have a high level of wellness.
  • wellness A state of well-being, or total health
  • Wellness is an indication of your current health habits and behaviors.

Skills for a Healthy Life

  • Accessing Information
  • Practicing Healthful Behaviors
  • Stress Management
  • Analyzing Influences
  • Communication Skills
  • Refusal Skills
  • Conflict-Resolution Skills
  • Decision Making
  • Goal Setting
  • Advocacy

Practicing Healthful Behaviors

  • I eat well-balanced meals and choose healthful snacks.
  • I get regular daily physical activity and at least 8 hours of sleep each night.
  • I avoid using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
  • I understand the health benefits of brushing and flossing my teeth regularly.
  • I understand the benefits of wearing a safety belt every time I ride in a car.
  • I stay within 5 pounds of my healthy weight.
  • I practice good personal hygiene habits.
  • I get regular physical checkups.
  • I can name several things I do well.
  • I generally keep a positive attitude.

Practicing Healthful Behaviors

  • I express my emotions in healthy ways.
  • I ask for help when I need it.
  • I take responsibility for my actions
  • I take on new challenges to improve myself.
  • I relate well to family, friends, and peers.
  • I have several close friends.
  • I can disagree with others without becoming rude.
  • I treat others with respect.
  • I use refusal skills to avoid risk behaviors.
  • I get along with all kinds of people.

What Is Conflict?

  • Conflict can be caused by just about anything.
  • conflict A disagreement between people with opposing viewpoints, ideas, or goals
  • Possible Causes of Conflict
  • Relationships
  • Space
  • Property
  • Power
  • Rewards
  • Privileges

Kinds of Conflicts

  • Minor conflicts might involve something as simple as an exchange of words.
  • Major conflicts, such as gang confrontations, can be ongoing and severe.

Kinds of Conflicts

  • Interpersonal conflicts take place between two or more people.
  • Internal conflicts take place inside your own mind.

Kinds of Conflicts

  • Conflicts can arise out of the fact that people have different needs and wants.
  • Resolving conflicts helps people settle their differences, get along peacefully, and move on to positive action.

Conflicts at Home

  • Conflicts with parents or guardians usually occur over limits, responsibilities, or expectations.
  • Parents set limits to ensure their children’s well-being.
  • Remember:

Conflicts at Home

  • Conflicts with Siblings
  • Property
  • Space
  • The attention of parents or guardians
  • Privileges

Conflicts Outside the Home

  • Many of the conflicts you experience outside of the home relate to school, friends, and peers.
  • Conflicts between friends and peers often involve an incident.
  • Sometimes conflicts are one-sided and unprovoked.

Why Conflicts Build

  • The Warning Signs of Conflict
  • Physical Signs
  • Emotional Signs
  • A knot in the stomach
  • Feeling concerned
  • Faster heart rate
  • Getting defensive
  • A lump in the throat
  • Wanting to cry
  • Balled-up fists
  • Not feeling valued
  • Cold or sweaty palms
  • Wanting to lash out
  • A sudden surge of energy
  • Wanting to escape
  • !
  • !

Conflict Resolution

  • Conflict resolution skills will help you prevent conflicts from getting out of hand.
  • conflict resolution Solving a disagreement in a way that satisfies both sides

Conflict Resolution

  • T
  • A
  • L
  • K
  • Take a time-out.
  • Allow each person to tell his or her side.
  • Let each person ask questions.
  • Keep brainstorming.

Preventing Conflicts from Building

  • Preventing Conflicts from Building
  • Learn to understand your feelings.
  • Keep your conflicts private.
  • Avoid using alcohol or other drugs.
  • Show respect for yourself and for others.
  • Learn to accept people who are different from you.
  • Put yourself in the other person’s situation.

DO NOW:

  • Write down 5 healthy & 5 unhealthy ways to resolve conflict that you would see or experience on:
  • - TV
  • - At home
  • - At school
  • - Playing sports

Skits

  • Form groups of 3-4 students
  • You will have 5 minutes to come up with a 30 second skit that includes:
  • - A conflict (school appropriate)
  • - A healthy way to deal with it
  • - An unhealthy way to deal with it (school appropriate)
  • Then we will act them out in front of the class
  • Chapter 1
  • Understanding Your Health
  • Lesson 1
  • What Is Health and Wellness?
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 1 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.
  • Chapter 3
  • Mental and Emotional Health
  • Lesson 2
  • Your Mental and Emotional Health
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 3 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

Do Now

  • In 3-4 sentences, answer the following question in essay form:
  • How can conflicts be dealt with appropriately?
  • List as many phobias and what the fear is of as you can.
  • Example: Arachnophobia-spiders

Conflict Resolution Skits

  • Finish up Skits

EQ: Why is it important to understand mental/emotional disorders?

  • EQ: Why is it important to understand mental/emotional disorders?
  • EU: Students will understand that mental/emotional disorders can affect people of any age and can be treated with medication and/or counseling.
  • Agenda: PowerPoint, Videos

Mental and Emotional Health

  • People who have good mental and emotional health know how to adapt.
  • adapt Adjust to new situations

Stress Management

  • The health skill of stress management can help you develop strategies for managing stress.
  • stress Your body’s response to change
  • Some ways of positively managing stress include relaxation and managing one’s time efficiently.

Mental and Emotional Health

  • Mental and Emotional Health Checklist
  • You accept the fact that situations will not always go the way you plan.
  • You set and achieve goals.
  • You understand and cope with your feelings in healthy ways.
  • You accept constructive criticism.
  • You express your feelings through your words and creative outlets.

Expressing Anger

  • Anger Management
  • Take a deep breath and try to relax.
  • Identify the specific cause of your anger.
  • When you are calm enough to speak, tell the other person how you feel.
  • Write down your thoughts in a journal.
  • Practice relaxation skills.
  • Do a physical activity.
  • Look for opportunities to laugh.

Skills for Managing Stress

  • Skills for Managing Stress
  • Relaxation
  • Laughter and a Positive Outlook
  • Physical Activity
  • Time Management

Relaxation

  • Relaxation skills include taking deep, even breaths and doing exercises that relax your muscles.
  • Quiet activities, such as reading a book, can help you relax and reduce stress.

Kinds of Mental and Emotional Disorders

  • MYTH
  • Mental and emotional problems are not true illnesses.
  • MYTH
  • People with mental and emotional problems can just “shake it off.”

Glenn Close Mental Illness Video

  • Mental Illness Video

Kinds of Mental and Emotional Disorders

  • disorder A disturbance in the normal function of a part of the body

Anxiety Disorders

  • Anxiety disorders may first become apparent during the teen years or young adulthood.
  • anxiety disorder A disorder in which intense anxiety or fear keeps a person from functioning normally
  • Treatments are available that can help people with anxiety disorders.

Anxiety Disorders

  • One type of mental and emotional disorder is a phobia.
  • phobia An exaggerated fear of a specific situation or object
  • Some fears are not only normal, but necessary.

Anxiety Disorders

  • Types of Anxiety Disorders
  • Disorder
  • Symptoms
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Restlessness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, sleep disturbances
  • Panic Disorder
  • Pounding heart, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, nausea, fear of losing control
  • Phobia
  • An intense or exaggerated fear of a specific situation or object
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • A need to perform behaviors over and over again, such as handwashing, counting, hoarding, or arranging possessions
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Withdrawal or depression after a distressing experience such as sexual abuse, natural disaster, accident, or witnessing violence
  • OCD only

Anxiety Disorders

  • Types of Phobias from A to Z
  • Acrophobia
  • Fear of heights
  • Agoraphobia
  • Fear of crowded places or open areas
  • Astraphobia
  • Fear of thunder and lighting
  • Claustrophobia
  • Fear of enclosed spaces
  • Ecophobia
  • Fear of home
  • Hydrophobia
  • Fear of water
  • Kenophobia
  • Fear of empty spaces
  • Noctiphobia
  • Fear of night
  • Phasmophobia
  • Fear of ghosts
  • Socialphobia
  • Fear of people
  • Tachophobia
  • Fear of speed
  • Zoophobia
  • Fear of animals

Personality Disorders

  • Two examples of personality disorders are:
  • Passive-aggressive disorder
  • Borderline personality disorder
  • personality disorder A psychological condition that affects a person’s ability to interact normally with others

Mood Disorders

  • People who feel sad for a long period of time and for no explainable reason may have a mood disorder.
  • mood disorder A disorder in which a person undergoes changes in mood that seem inappropriate or extreme

Mood Disorders

  • A person with bipolar disorder experiences cycles of alternating high and low periods.
  • High, or Manic Period
  • Low, or Depressive Period
  • Increased energy
  • Energy slows down dramatically

Schizophrenia

  • People with schizophrenia may have hallucinations in which they see or hear things that are not actually there.
  • schizophrenia A severe mental disorder in which people lose contact with reality
  • There are medications available that allow schizophrenics to lead functional lives.

Howard Hughes Mental Illness Video

  • Mental Illness Video
  • Chapter 3
  • Mental and Emotional Health
  • Lesson 2
  • Your Mental and Emotional Health
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 3 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.
  • Chapter 4
  • Suicide
  • Lesson 3
  • Suicide
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 3 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

Do Now

  • In your notebook, answer the following question in at least 3 sentences: What is the difference between someone being sad and someone being depressed?

EQ: What is your role in preventing suicide?

  • EQ: What is your role in preventing suicide?
  • EU: Students will understand that suicide warning signs are recognizable.
  • Agenda: PowerPoint, Video

Depression Among Teens

  • Some studies suggest that as many as 20 percent of teens suffer from major depression.
  • Teens who are depressed may turn to alcohol or other drugs.
  • Left untreated, depression can become worse.
  • If you know someone who is depressed, encourage that person to talk to a parent or other trusted adult.

Depression Among Teens

  • Warning Signs of Depression
  • Irritability, anger, or anxiety
  • Lack of energy, feeling tired all the time
  • Significant change in sleep patterns
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Putting blame on other people for their problems
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Indifference to things that used to bring pleasure
  • Pessimism
  • Physical problems that can’t be explained
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Suicide

  • It is important to recognize the warning signs of suicide and seek help if you or someone you know is suffering from severe depression.
  • suicide The intentional taking of one’s own life

Causes of Teen Suicide

  • Causes of Depression that can Lead to Suicide
  • A family breakup
  • A death in the family
  • Alcoholism or other drug dependencies within the family
  • Witnessing domestic violence or being a victim of physical or sexual abuse
  • Inability to handle pressure of at school or at home
  • Unsupportive family
  • Feelings of being disconnected from or rejected by peers

Warning Signs of Suicide

  • Warning Signs of Suicide
  • Sharing suicide plans openly.
  • Dropping hints through words and actions.
  • A sudden fascination with the topic of death.
  • Dramatic changes in the person’s appearance.
  • Self-destructive behavior.
  • Withdrawal from friends, family, and regular activities.
  • A sudden change in mood.
  • !
  • !

Suicide Warning Signs Video

  • Suicide Warning Signs Video

Providing Support

  • Ways of Providing Support
  • Talk to the person.
  • Show an interest in the person’s problem.
  • Do not be afraid to ask whether the individual is planning to harm him or her self.
  • Urge the person to share his or her feelings and thoughts with a trusted adult.
  • Never promise to keep suicide plans a secret.

Dealing with Depression

  • Suicide is never the answer.
  • Feelings of depression do not go on forever.
  • You are not alone.

Dealing with Depression

  • Two sources of help for depression are:
  • SPAN USA (Suicide Prevention Action Network)
  • National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center
  • Both of these organizations have Web sites and telephone hot lines.

What to Do If You Need Help

  • You Might Need Help If…
  • you have been feeling sad or angry for two weeks or longer.
  • you want to spend all your time alone.
  • your feelings affect your sleep, eating habits, schoolwork, or relationships with family and peers.
  • you feel “out of control,” or feel worried or nervous all the time.

What to Do If You Need Help

  • If you feel that you need help, talk to a parent or guardian, the school nurse, a counselor at school, or other trusted adult.
  • The person you speak to may be able to help you or point you toward someone who can, such as a mental health professional.

Kinds of Help

  • For many emotional problems, professional counseling, or therapy, is often needed.
  • therapy An approach that teaches you different ways of thinking or behaving

Therapy Settings

  • Therapy setting include:
  • Individual therapy
  • Group therapy
  • Family therapy
  • family therapy Counseling that seeks to improve troubled family relationships

Drug Treatment Therapy

  • Many medicines used to treat emotional disorders work to restore chemical imbalances in the brain.
  • These medicines can provide relief for depression and other mental disorders.

Drug Treatment Therapy

  • Drug therapy medicines are not right for everyone.
  • Drug therapy medicines do not treat every mental and emotional problem.
  • Drug therapy medicines are not meant as a replacement for therapy.

What is YOUR role in preventing suicide?

  • With your partner, come up with an action plan to effectively communicate suicide warning signs to a trusted adult. (3 minutes)
  • Going to share with class steps you came up with and we’ll combine to make an effective action plan for communicating suicide warning signs.

Homework

  • Keep a food journal for the next 5 days
  • Track each meal, snack, & drinks
  • Chart how much of what you eat, drink, etc.
  • You also need to chart how much exercise you do each day
  • You will use this in 2 class periods!!!
  • 5 Day Nutrition & Exercise Log WS.xls
  • Chapter 4
  • Suicide
  • Lesson 3
  • Suicide
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 3 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.
  • Chapter 10
  • Nutrition for Health
  • Lesson 1
  • The Importance of Nutrition
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 10 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

Do Now

  • Get out your 5 day food journal.
  • Go through it and make sure that it is up to date with food, drink, snacks, and exercise along with the amounts of each.

EU: The student will understand that…

  • EU: The student will understand that…
  • There are different factors that influence food choices.
  • Knowing how to interpret food labels will allow you to make healthier food choices.
  • Having a healthy meal plan will help you maintain a healthy weight.

Essential Questions:

  • Essential Questions:
  • How do I make good consumer choices?
  • How does my meal plan help me stay healthy?
  • Agenda: PowerPoint

The Role of Food

  • Your relationship to food affects all three sides of your health triangle.
  • Choosing healthy foods is a positive behavior that can help you prevent certain health problems.

Vocabulary

  • appetite The psychological need for food
  • hunger The body’s physical need for food

Food, Nutrients, and Nutrition

  • Your body depends on nutrients in food to function properly throughout the day.
  • nutrients Substances in food that your body needs

Food, Nutrients, and Nutrition

  • Nutrients
  • Helps the body build new tissue
  • Helps the body repair damaged cells
  • Helps the body produce energy

Food, Nutrients, and Nutrition

  • Two Kinds of Nutrients
  • Nutrients that provide energy
  • Nutrients that help the body run smoothly
  • Proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water

What Influences Your Food Choices?

  • Family and Culture
  • Advertising
  • Knowledge of Nutrition
  • Convenience
  • Availability
  • Peer Pressure

In Your Notes

  • For each of these categories, write 1 way in which you are influenced:
  • Family/Culture Advertising
  • Peer Pressure Convenience
  • Knowledge of Nutrition Availability

Food and Emotions

  • Emotions influence your food choices because food can bring up feelings connected to past experiences.
  • A craving for food can be especially strong when people feel sad, lonely, or discouraged.

Fats

  • Eating too many foods containing saturated fats can increase your risk of heart disease.
  • saturated fats Fats that are solid at room temperature

Fats

  • Most of the fats in your diet should be unsaturated fats.
  • unsaturated fats Fats that remain liquid at room temperature

Fats

  • Fats
  • Saturated Fats
  • Unsaturated Fats
  • Butter, cheese, fatty meats
  • Plant foods such as olive oil, nuts and avocados

Cholesterol

  • Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood.
  • LDL (low-density lipoprotein)
  • HDL (high-density lipoprotein)
  • Collects on the walls of arteries and forms plaque
  • Removes LDL from the arteries
  • Known as “bad cholesterol”
  • Known as “good cholesterol”
  • Eating too much saturated fat can increase the body’s level of cholesterol.

Vitamins and Minerals

  • Vitamins and minerals are essential to your body’s health.
  • vitamins Substances that help your body fight infections and use other nutrients, among other jobs
  • minerals Elements that help form healthy bones and teeth, and regulate certain body processes

Eat a Variety of Foods

  • When you eat a variety of foods, your body gets all the nutrients it needs.

Eat More Fruits, Vegetables, and Whole Grains

  • The guidelines recommend making half the grains you eat each day whole grains.
  • Include leafy greens and colorful vegetables and fruits in your meals.

Balance the Calories You Consume with Physical Activity

  • Consume only as many calories as your body needs.
  • calorie A unit of heat that measures the energy available in food.
  • A calorie also measures how much energy your body uses.

Reaching an Appropriate Weight

  • Females between the ages of 14 and 18 need approximately 1,800 to 2,400 calories each day depending on how active they are.
  • Males between the ages of 14 and 18 need approximately 2,200 to 3,200 calories each day depending on how active they are.

Reaching and Appropriate Weight

  • Calories in (from food)
  • Calories out (from physical activity)
  • Balance
  • The Energy Equation

Weight Control

  • Calories Burned = Calories Consumed = No Weight Gain
  • Calories Burned > Calories Consumed = Weight Loss
  • Calories Burned < Calories Consumed = Weight Gain

Portion Sizes Video

  • Super Size Me Portion Video

Balance the Calories You Consume with Physical Activity

  • Teens should be physically active for at least 60 minutes on most days.
  • Physical activity builds strength, gives you energy, and helps you feel good about yourself.

Balance the Calories You Consume with Physical Activity

  • The Energy “Equation”

Limit Fats, Sugar, and Salt

  • Limit your intake of oils, butter, salad dressing, and other high-fat foods.
  • Many processed and prepared foods contain hidden fats.

Reading Nutrition Labels

  • Nutrition Label Video

Planning Healthy Meals

  • Variety
  • Moderation
  • Balance
  • Variety makes meals and snacks more nutritious and interesting.
  • Lower risk of developing certain diseases by eating reasonable portions of fats, sugars, and salt.
  • Maintain a healthy weight by not eating more calories than your body can burn.

Vocabulary

  • Foodborne Illness: Sickness resulting in eating food that is not safe to eat

Breakfast: Start the Day Out Right

  • After a night of sleep, you need breakfast to turn your body’s fuel-producing mechanism back on (kick starts metabolism).
  • Fuel for the brain.
  • Breakfast provides the fuel you will need later in the morning.

Breakfast: Start the Day Out Right

  • Any food that supplies calories and nutrients can be part of a healthful breakfast.
  • Round out your meal with a cup of fruit and a glass of low-fat milk.

Lunch and Dinner

  • Eating four or five small meals spread out over the whole day will help keep your body burning calories throughout the day.

Lunch and Dinner

  • Vary your proteins.
  • Use limited amounts of fats, sugars, and salt.
  • Avoid empty-calorie foods.
  • Balance your eating plan.
  • empty-calorie foods Foods that offer few, if any, nutrients, but do supply calories

Snacking Smart

  • Pay attention to what you are eating.
    • Eating absent-mindedly can lead to overeating.
  • Avoid snacking just before mealtime.
  • Choose healthy foods as snacks.

Snacking Smart

  • Nutrient density is an important factor to consider when choosing snack foods.
  • nutrient density The amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories they provide

Beyond the Energy Equation

  • Chocolate Bar
  • Turkey Breast Sandwich on Whole Wheat Bread
  • 250 Calories
  • Empty calories
  • Nutrients from 2 food groups

Snacking Smart

  • Food
  • Calories from Fat
  • Food Group Equivalent
  • Air-popped popcorn, plain, 1 cup
  • 0
  • 1 cup Grains
  • Applesauce, ½ cup
  • 0
  • ½ cup Fruit
  • Gelatin with ½ cup sliced banana
  • 0
  • ½ cup Fruit
  • Graham crackers, 2
  • 2
  • 1 ounce Grains
  • 1½ ounces of low-fat cheese and 4 saltines
  • 52
  • 1 ounce Grains, 1 cup Milk

Eating Out, Eating Right

  • Tips for Eating Out
  • Order an appetizer as your meal.
  • If you order a main course, eat only half and take the other half home.
  • Check the menu for heart-healthy selections.
  • Select foods that are grilled, broiled, or roasted, instead of fried.
  • Ask for salad dressing, sauces, gravies, and other toppings on the side.

Parkway Lunch Nutrition Facts

  • http://www.pkwy.k12.mo.us/foodservice/File/sec.pdf
  • Chapter 11
  • Your Body Image
  • Lesson 1
  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight
  • >> Main Menu
  • Next >>
  • >> Chapter 11 Assessment
  • Click for:
  • Teacher’s notes are available in the notes section of this presentation.

Do Now

  • Get out your 5 day food journal.
  • Go through it and make sure that it is up to date with food, drink, snacks, and exercise along with the amounts of each.

Group Project

  • With assigned group, you will come up with ways to educate other middle school students on your assigned 10 tips
  • At least 2 posters, 1 announcement written out properly in your own words to give to Ms. Waelder, & a quick presentation to class hitting highlights of 10 tips
  • You only have 1 day to work on this!!!

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