Bulliet Chapters 9 and 10 Test



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Bulliet_Chapters 9 and 10 Test

On your answer document indicate the letter of the response which best answers the question or completes the prompt.


1.

The Byzantine Corpus Juris Civilis was important in the late eleventh century because it

A)

tried to spread Byzantine influence more broadly.

B)

was adopted only in England.

C)

became the basis for civil law in the West.

D)

separated the Byzantine church and state.

E)

reintroduced Roman law in Byzantium.




2.

After the seventh century, Byzantine women

A)

began to officially rule the empire.

B)

were no longer allowed to serve as religious leaders.

C)

won increased rights to property and inheritance.

D)

no longer wore veils.

E)

were increasingly confined to home life.




3.

Which fabric went through a production boom as a result of commerce between China and Central Asia?




A) Muslin B) Linen C) Hemp D) Wool E) Silk




4.

Which of the following is not true about the Crusades?

A)

The pope promised atonement from sins for the Crusaders.

B)

The Crusaders failed to capture Jerusalem.

C)

Prior to the Crusades, Muslim leaders generally protected Christian pilgrims.

D)

Economic forces such as the desire to increase trade and land hunger were contributing factors.

E)

They were a series of religiously inspired campaigns.




5.

Vietnam's economic and political life centered on the Red River valley in the north and the ________ River valley in the south.




A) Mekong B) Koryo C) Champa D) White E) Yellow




6.

As time went on, armored knighthood

A)

was taught to all citizens.

B)

was limited to those with revenue from land.

C)

was restricted to those with hereditary titles.

D)

continued only in areas with a free peasantry.

E)

required permission of the king and the church.




7.

As a result of the Crusades, Europeans were exposed to all of the following except

A)

original thought-provoking works by Arab and Iranian writers.

B)

new land cultivation techniques.

C)

access to a variety of classical Latin works, particularly those of Aristotle, heretofore unknown in western Europe.

D)

Arabic translations of ancient Greek science and philosophy.

E)

pasta, paper, refined sugar and colored glass.




8.

Agricultural workers who belonged to the manor and were obligated to the lord were




A) bailiffs. B) sheriffs. C) serfs. D) mobads. E) satraps.




9.

Murasaki Shikibu is famous for what?

A)

Writing The Tale of Genji.

B)

Writing a collection of poetry called the Manyoshu.

C)

Being an accomplished warrior.

D)

Becoming Japan's only female emperor.

E)

Creating the literary form of the Pillow Book.




10.

Which of the following was a Korean innovation that was borrowed by the Chinese?




A) Papermaking B) Woodblock printing C) Movable type D) Calligraphy E) Ink making




11.

The Tang Empire declined when

A)

political decay and military decline undermined the social order.

B)

the Yellow River flooded and destroyed all of the good farmland.

C)

earthquakes and tidal waves destroyed coastal cities.

D)

plague swept the capital.

E)

the Grand Canal silted up and the government couldn't afford to dredge it.




12.

During the revival of Western Europe (1000-1200), the population nearly doubled, in part, because of

A)

the abolition of the death penalty for debtors across Europe.

B)

the introduction of rice (from Arab lands) to the diet.

C)

the Christian Crusades.

D)

technological innovations such as a new type of plow and efficient draft harnesses for pulling wagons.

E)

papal edicts to encourage increased birthrates.




13.

According to Neo-Confucianism, the ideal person is the




A) simple peasant. B) monk. C) merchant. D) soldier. E) sage.




14.

The term investiture controversy refers to the

A)

amount of power local priests were allowed.

B)

issue of whether a noble could marry a commoner.

C)

struggle for control of ecclesiastical appointments.

D)

debate over how to invest church funds.

E)

conflict over choosing new popes.




15.

In the seventh century, the Byzantines experienced an economic transformation similar to, though less pronounced than, that of western Europe. This was caused by all of the following except

A)

the replacement of a money economy with barter.

B)

the disappearance of the traditional urban class.

C)

the decline of some cities in wealth and population.

D)

beginning rivalry between the power held by families and the power of class-based officeholders.

E)

the rapid growth of the merchant class.




16.

During the Song period, women experienced subordination and social restriction, epitomized by

A)

widow-burning.

D)

a decrease in voting rights.

B)

veiling.

E)

footbinding.

C)

loss of custody of their children after divorce.










17.

A fief was

A)

a grant of land exchanged for military service.

D)

any estate governed by a hereditary lord.

B)

any small and independent kingdom.

E)

a Germanic peasant.

C)

a small, nonhereditary manor.










18.

In Kievan Russia, power derived from




A) mining. B) trade. C) warfare. D) landholding. E) religion.




19.

The movement for reformed monasticism under the austere Rule of Benedict included all of the following changes except

A)

prayer at specified intervals.

B)

independence of the monastery from local secular politics.

C)

hard labor.

D)

rule from the monastery at Cluny.

E)

poverty.




20.

Historians believe that Song technological innovations led to

A)

constant warfare due to competition for resources.

B)

abandonment of their traditional work ethic.

C)

abandonment of Confucianism as incompatible with industry.

D)

the Song coming close to having an industrial revolution.

E)

widespread pollution and destruction of Song society.




21.

The key element in the rise of the Carolingian family to power was

A)

public support.

D)

diplomatic skill.

B)

religious fervor.

E)

enormous wealth.

C)

military effectiveness.










22.

Which of the following Chinese customs did the Japanese choose not to implement?

A)

The Confucian legal code

D)

A Confucian-style central government

B)

The study of Buddhism

E)

Architectural styles

C)

Walls around its cities for protection










23.

The sixth-century “plague of Justinian” was

A)

an outbreak of bubonic plague during Justinian's rule.

B)

an economic crisis caused by the emperor's economic policies.

C)

a further divide between the Western and Eastern Churches.

D)

the moral decay and social class struggle in the empire.

E)

the death and destruction caused by Justinian's marauding armies.




24.

Which of the following events occurred last?

A)

Treaty of Verdun

B)

Monastery of Cluny founded

C)

Battle of Tours

D)

Formal schism between Latin and Orthodox Churches

E)

Vladimir becomes grand prince of Kievan Russia




25.

Whom did the Tang blame most for growing instability in the empire?




A) Daoists B) Christians C) Buddhists D) Muslims E) Confucians




26.

By instituting civil service examinations for entrance into the government bureaucracy, the Song

A)

tried to limit the number of civil servants.

B)

severely limited its ability to get competent civil servants.

C)

recruited the most talented men for government service.

D)

ensured that only the wealthy elite would retain positions of power.

E)

drove the most talented people out of the country.




27.

In general, which of the following did not occur in western Europe after the decline of Roman authority?

A)

The population depended on local strongmen rather than on monarchs.

B)

The city of Rome lost its prominence as the seat of the Roman church.

C)

There was increasing political fragmentation.

D)

A legal framework disappeared.

E)

Roman traditions were replaced with family-based German traditions.




28.

The tributary system was a practice in which

A)

countries acknowledged the supremacy of the Chinese emperor.

B)

the emperor made a pilgrimage to please the gods and the ancient ancestors.

C)

the emperor traveled to foreign countries to pledge his allegiance to them.

D)

China built new canals for transportation and irrigation.

E)

the emperor made an annual trip down the Grand Canal.




29.

What was the most significant architectural contribution of the Byzantine Empire?

A)

The Hippodrome

D)

The Great Horn

B)

The library of Alexius Comnenus

E)

Hagia Sophia

C)

The palace of the Porphyrogenitus rulers










30.

One of the most significant sources of conflict for western Europe between 1000 and 1400 was

A)

the loss of status when Russia chose to convert to the "eastern" form of Christianity.

B)

a struggle to keep the Muslims from crossing the Straits of Gibraltar.

C)

the reputation of corrupt popes.

D)

a struggle for holding together the Holy Roman Empire as Charlemagne had created it.

E)

a struggle for power between the church and state.




31.

Confucianism spread to East Asia with the spread of

A)

the Chinese writing system.

D)

slavery.

B)

the Mongols.

E)

the bubonic plague.

C)

Daoism.










32.

Technology to improve military skills in the Middle Ages included all of the following except

A)

stirrups.

D)

an early form of dynamite.

B)

heavy horses.

E)

chain mail.

C)

metal weapons.










33.

In western Europe, the primary centers for agricultural production were

A)

self-sufficient farming estates known as manors.

B)

normally worked by slaves.

C)

communal property under village control.

D)

scattered farms owned by the regional nobility.

E)

small farms owned by those who worked on them.




34.

One effect that the sea trade had on China was the

A)

transmission of ideographic writing.

D)

transmission of papermaking.

B)

transmission of the plague.

E)

expansion of the slave trade.

C)

introduction of wheat into the diet.










35.

What was the predominant language of the church in the West?




A) Italian B) German C) Greek D) Latin E) French




36.

The Tang dominated world trade markets. They were the sole suppliers of which product?




A) Tea B) Cotton C) Wine D) Opium E) Porcelain




37.

The Tang Empire is considered “cosmopolitan” because

A)

the peasants were mandated to live in the cities.

B)

public education was mandatory.

C)

the government fully supported artists, musicians, and dancers.

D)

there was social equality.

E)

it mixed styles, goods, and cultures from every part of Asia.




38.

Which sect of Buddhism was connected with the Tang dynasty?




A) Ayuravedic B) Theraveda C) Nichiren D) Zen E) Mahayana




39.

One of the most important effects of monasticism was

A)

the new hierarchy it imposed on the church.

B)

the aggressive missionary efforts of Benedictine monks.

C)

preserving the work of the ancient Greeks.

D)

the preservation of literacy and learning, particularly with regard to ancient Latin texts.

E)

the creation of a religious warrior class.




40.

Which of the following is not responsible for the success of many cities in Italy and Flanders?

A)

They had more abundant coinage.

B)

They specialized in trade and manufacturing.

C)

They passed laws making serfs free once they came to the city.

D)

They controlled extensive agricultural lands.

E)

They were independent rather than controlled by feudal lords.

Essay Questions: Select ONE essay topic. Outline your Essay. Thesis (three sections); blueprint (rule of 3) to be used to write body paragraph topic sentences. For each topic sentence (rule of 3) provide evidence to support your topic sentence and your essay thesis.

Essay Thesis

I. Topic Sentence

A. Evidence

B. Evidence

C. Evidence

II. Topic Sentence

A. Evidence

B. Evidence

C. Evidence

III. Topic Sentence

A. Evidence

B. Evidence



C. Evidence


41.

What was the importance of Confucianism in East Asia, and why was it so readily adopted in East Asia but not so well in Inner Asia?




42.

Describe the political and economic transformation of Western Europe after the decline of Rome. How did the organization of Medieval European societies differ from that of Rome at its height?




43.

How did the decline of the Byzantine Empire correlate with the growth in the power and prestige of the Holy Roman Empire in western Europe?




44.

What were the causes and consequences of the Crusades?




45.

What were the significant technological developments in the Late Middle Ages, and how were they responsible for expanding the European economy?




46.

What were some of the most important aspects of the Song technological explosion? How was the technological explosion shared with people?




47.

Describe life in feudal society in the period from 600 to 1200. Include various economic, gender, and social groups in your answer.




48.

Discuss the absorption and also repression of Buddhism in China. What was the impact of these two trends in Asian history?


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