Ap world History Review Important People, Places, & Things



Download 52.48 Kb.
Date30.01.2017
Size52.48 Kb.
#10088

AP World History Review Important People, Places, & Things

  • TOMORROW

What to bring?

  • No cellphones
  • Pop a mint after #35

About the Test

  • Total Exam: 3 hours and 5 minutes
  • Question Type
  • Number of Questions
  • Timing
  • 50% of your score:
  • Multiple Choice
  • 70
  • 55 minutes
  • Break
  • 50% of your score:
  • DBQ
  • 1 question
  • a 10-minute mandatory reading period
  • followed by
  • 120 self-budgeted minutes
  • Suggested Time:
  • DBQ 40 minutes
  • CCOT 40 minutes
  • Comparative 40 minutes
  • CCOT
  • Change and Continuity over Time
  • 1 question
  • Comparative
  • Compare and Contrast
  • 1 question

Content - Units

  • Period
  • Period Title
  • Date Range
  • Weight # of Q’s
  • 1
  • Technological and Environmental Transformations
  • 8,000 - 600 B.C.E.
  • 5% 3 - 4
  • 2
  • Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies
  • 600 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.
  • 15% 10 - 11
  • 3
  • Regional and Transregional Interactions
  • 600 C.E. - 1450
  • 20% 14
  • 4
  • Global Interactions
  • 1450 - 1750
  • 20% 14
  • 5
  • Industrialization and Global Integration
  • 1750 - 1914
  • 20% 14
  • 6
  • Accelerating Global Change and Realignments
  • 1914 - Present
  • 20% 14
  • No more than 20% of the questions will focus solely on Europe.

Multiple Choice Section

    • REMINDER: MULTIPLE-CHOICE SECTION SCORING
  • Total scores on the multiple-choice section will be based on the number of questions answered correctly.
  • Points will no longer be deducted for incorrect answers and, as always, no points will be awarded for unanswered questions.
  • Questions will have four choices.

Multiple Choice Section

  • Record starting time on your own paper.
  • Keep track of your own time with your own watch.
  • Go through list of questions 3 times:
        • Answer easy questions first.
        • Next, go back and answer those you need to think about.
        • Lastly, go back a third time and answer the questions you find to be very difficult.
  • Test Taking Tips:

Breakdown

  • Actual time that it takes to complete the exam: 3 Hours and 5 Minutes:
  • 55 Minutes for 70 Multiple Choice Questions
  • 130 minutes for 3 Free-Response Questions (Essays)
  • 50 Minutes for Document Based Question (10 minutes for Reading and Evaluating Documents)
  • 40 Minutes for Change Over Time Essay
  • 40 Minutes for Comparative Essay
  • Historical Periodization Coverage:
  • Foundations to 600 B.C.E: 5% of Questions
  • 600B.C.E- 600 C.E 15% of questions
  • 600 C.E-1450 C.E: 20 % of Questions
  • 1450 C.E- 1750 C.E: 20% of Questions
  • 1750 C.E- 1900 C.E: 20% of Questions
  • 1900-Present: 20% of Questions

What the multiple choice look like

  • The 70 questions fall into 6 basic categories: 50% of the Test!!!!!! Which is your best style?
  • Identification (35-40% of the test) - simply test whether you know a fact or facts.
  • Analytical (20-25% of the test) - makes you think about relationships, see connections, place in order.
  • Quotation Based (10% or less of the test) - match the quote with the appropriate person.
  • Image Interpretation (10% or less of the test) - determine images relevance, purpose, or meaning.
  • Map Based Questions (10% or less of the test) - identify what a map shows, or interpret its purpose.
  • Graph & Chart Interpretation (10% or less of the test) - interpret answer from data given in chart form.

5 Themes

  • Interaction between humans & the environment: demography & disease, migration, patterns of settlement, technology
  • Development and interaction of cultures: religions; belief systems, philosophies, and ideologies; science & technology; the arts and architecture
  • State-building, expansion, and conflict: political structures & forms of governance, empires; nations & nationalism; revolts & revolutions; regional, transregional, & global structures & organizations
  • Creation, expansion, & interaction of economic systems: agricultural & pastoral production, trade & commerce, labor systems, industrialization, capitalism & socialism
  • Development and transformation of social structures: gender roles and relations, family & kinship, racial & ethnic constructions; social & economic classes

Grading

  • 70 Multiple Choice Questions = 1/2 Score
  • Document Based Question = 16.66%
  • Change Over Time Essay = 16.66%
  • Comparative Essay = 16.66%
  • Essays Graded on Scale of 0 to 9
  • Basic score (7) achieved before expanded score points (2) considered

POV

  • POV MAD LIB
  •  (Person writing the document), a (RELEVANT description of the person), point of view about (group subject) is (emotional or analytical state) because (explanation of why the person thinks the way he does).  (Person) is (reliable/not reliable) because (explanation).  Example: 
  • "Adolf Hitler's point of view about the Jews of Europe while Chancellor of Nazi Germany was one of revulsion and disgust because of his ongoing and firm belief that they were a genetically "dirty," barbaric race responsible for all the world's evils.  While Hitler's point of view about Jews is a reliable source in understanding Nazi ideology because he was mostly responsible for shaping its racial theories,  his point of view about Jews is not reliable when evaluating the state of Jews' actual influence in the world because of the rabid hatred that led him to believe that they wielded more power than they actually had."  
  • Hitler - Author
  • Chancellor of Nazi Germany/Nazi Leader - Attribution  
  • Racial theories of the Nazis, Extent of Jewish "power" - Reliable/Not Reliable identified FOR A VALID REASON. 
  • Hatred, racist, revulsion, disgust - Tone

Additional Doc

  • EXTRA DOCUMENT MAD-LIB
  •  "An extra document that would help the analysis would be a (specifically identified type of document) written by a (specifically described person).  This document would be helpful to the analysis because (rationale)."
  • Here is an example. 
  • Assume the prompt deals with philosophy of governance and "deserving the power you hold" across the centuries, and you have all kinds of documents from political philosophers, practitioners of non-violence, rulers who believe in a monarchical police state, autocratic crowned heads, and communist revolutionaries.  Quite an assembly. 
  • With a little thought, though, it is not hard to see that there are many people not represented.  There are no fascists/reactionaries.  There are no socialists.  There are no proponents of representative democracy.  There are no anarchists.  There are no "back to nature politics be darned" "hippie" types.  So many students ask for an extra document from someone or something already there.  And that's silly.  It gets you nothing. 
  • So, the extra document paragraph might look something like this. 
  • "An extra document that would help my analysis is from, for example, a political treatise written by a fascist or Nazi political scientist, someone who believes that "deserving the power you hold" is a weak idea and that "power" should be seized without regard to "deserving it."  This extra document would be useful because it would explain the point of view of a political theoretician who, unlike all the others, believes that somehow justifying the "right" to hold power is nonsense and calls the rationalizations of the other authors into question."          

AP Test-Taking Tips

  • Days before the test
    • Review content material and the guidelines for essay writing
      • 50% of the test is multiple-choice ( how many have you practiced?)
      • 50% of the test is 3 essay questions
        • Make sure you know the nuances of each question. Reread the question!!!!! Write it down!!!!!!!
    • Get a good night’s sleep. Do not stay up late cramming.(watch crashcourse if you need a fix)
    • Eat breakfast Wake up early, get to school early!!! It is a long test.
  • Day of the test
    • Be here or South Gym by 7:30(no later!!!) Don’t run in at the last moment.
    • Bring pencils, blue or black ink pens, and a watch
    • Relax when you get there. Be confident that you know the material. Start focusing on task at hand. Chinese dynasty song http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XqHR1uAc_-Q

AP Test-taking Tips

  • Multiple-Choice Tips
    • No penalty for guessing
    • Answer the easiest questions FIRST
    • Fill out the answer sheet as you go
    • Essay Tips: TEAMGAP, TRACE, TAREA
    • Use the 10 minute prewriting time on the DBQ documents.
    • Answer your best essay question first. Save the worst question for last.
    • Pace yourself. You do NOT have to switch questions after 40 minutes. You should be close to the recommended time.
      • Use a watch to keep track of your own time if you plan to spend more time on an essay (e.g. 60 minutes on the DBQ).

Yesterday’s Questions not addressed yet:

  • Eastern Question-response by “West” to decaying Ottoman Empire( primarily Balkans)
  • Sepoy Rebellion- 1857 rebellion by disrespected Indian soldiers leading to rise of British Raj
  • Islam 600-1450- trade routes, Sharia, Dhimmi status, Dar Al Islam, cities, Golden Age, Adopt and Adapt, Afro-Eurasia, Umma, 5 Pillars
  • NeoConfucianism- Song Dynasty’s blending of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism (state-sponnsored schools and reinforced patriarchy through foot-binding)
  • Stateless societies- African societies without centralized systems of tax collections, justice and led by tribal chiefs ( usually animist and traditional)
  • Gunpowder Empires- 1450-1750 use of Musket and cannons to utilize overland or maritime empires ( Ottoman, Safavid, Mughal, Spain, Portugal, Russia, Kongo. England, France)
  • S.A.L.T Treaties- Strategic Arms limitation treaties during cold war to ease nuclear tensions between U.S and U.S.S.R
  • Women’s suffrage- inspired by enlightened ideals late 17th century leaders included Mary Wolstoncraft, Olympia DeGourges, Susan B. Anthony ( doe s not become realized in the West until after WWI because of Women’s role in total war) Women have backed every social movement
  • African Kingdoms- Ghana, Mali, Sonhai, Swahili city-states, Greater Zimbabwe( all trade, Islam influenced, and interaction with Middle East and/or Asia 600-1450 1450-1750 marks the rise of Slave trade Kingdome like Kongo, Dahomey, Benin, Ife ( trade with Portugese, Dutchand British coastal communities while Swahili trade continues)
  • Russia- 600-1450 influnce of Byzantine and Golden Horde, 1450-1750 Czarist Russia Absolutism and Westernizaton, 1750-1900 Emancipation of Serfs and Industrialization, 1900-Present Wars and Russian Revolutio, Lenin, Stalin 5 year plans, Cold War, Kruschev, Gorbachev Glastnost and Perestroika
  • Ottoman- Islamic Gunpowder Empire, Estern Mediterranenan power, tolerant, Millett, Jizya, Devshmire, Jannisaries, 1600’s Sick man of Europe, nationalism fragmenting, loss in Versailles, independept Turkey, Mandates
  • Vikings- trade with Northen Europe, Unsuccessful exploerers, reasons for Europea Feudalism
  • Encomienda/Mita- system of forced labor (1450-1750) in Latin America for exploitation of land labor and capital

Silly Answers

  • I do not watch anime but am very interested in it
  • If you cheat you will receive a star I will be disappointed in you but I do not believe there are grounds for a lawsuit
  • You cannot wear diapers unless there is a sound medical reason
  • You may dab after the test is over
  • Narcotics are definitively a no no for the WHAP ( and for everything else unless medically prescribed)
  • Do your hair in a comfortable manner
  • The meaning of life has been found in world religion and philosophies throughout the ages and each finds different meanings but according to the Hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy it is 42
  • Wear comfortable clothes ( morning temps will border the 50’s)
  • Eat sustaining breakfast which I will provide
  • Water is essential for life
  • The regents is not hard if you continue preparing after the WHAP Test
  • Obama is not Lucifer incognito ( this was a sentence and not a question)
  • I do not, I cannot, I will not sip lean after the test or ever.
  • Snow? Is that Jon, White or Selena?

Round 1: Who Am I? Important Founders & Builders

  • DETERMINE THE FAMOUS FOUNDER OR BUILDER BASED UPON THE INFORMATION.

Famous Founder & Builder #1

  • Emerged as leader of Egypt after failed invasion by Napoleon in 1802
  • Modernized Egypt by focusing on the military and economy
    • Encouraged farmers to grow cash crops such as cotton
  • Successors would build the Suez Canal

Famous Founder & Builder #2

  • Created an absolute monarchy in France
    • Considered the epitome of absolute monarchy
  • Nicknamed the Sun King
  • Built a lavish palace at Versailles
  • Practiced mercantilism
  • Made France one of Europe’s wealthiest nations

Famous Founder & Builder #3

  • Veteran of the Long March
  • In 1978 he replaced Mao Zedong as the Leader of Communist China
  • Started a series of reforms called the Four Modernizations
    • Reforms promoted a market economy
  • Credited for the revival of modern Chinese economy

Famous Founder & Builder #4

  • Became leader of the All-India Muslim League in 1913
  • United with Hindus to help India gain its independence
  • Favored two-nation strategy for independence
  • First governor-general of independent Pakistan
  • Nicknamed Quaid-e-Azam or Great Leader

Famous Founder & Builder #5

  • Founded a shogunate bearing his name in 1603
  • 1st person to unify Japan
    • Created a feudal monarchy in Japan
  • Began period of Japanese isolation
    • Banned Christianity & expelled Christian missionaries
    • Limited trade to the port of Nagasaki

Famous Founder & Builder #6

  • Expanded the Mughal Empire
  • Promoted religious tolerance between Muslims and Hindus
    • Eliminated the jizya on Muslims
    • Tolerated Jesuit missionaries
  • Attempted social reforms to benefit women
  • Supported the arts

Famous Founder & Builder #7

  • Lived in China during the Warring States Period
  • Promoted social harmony through proper relationships
    • Five Relationships
    • Filial Piety
  • Teachings became the political and social foundations of Chinese society

Famous Founder & Builder #8

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca brought attention to the wealth of the Mali Empire
    • Mali controlled trans-Saharan trade route
  • Built capital at Timbuktu
  • Built mosques and schools to promote Islam

Famous Founder & Builder #9

  • Expanded the Mauryan Empire
  • Built roads and inns to encourage trade
  • Converted to Buddhism after the battle of Kalinga
  • Encouraged the spread of Buddhism to central Asia and southeast Asia
  • Built pillars with inscriptions to explain laws & history

Famous Founder & Builder #10

  • Replaced Vladimir Lenin as the leader of the USSR
  • Ruled as totalitarian dictator
  • Promoted “socialism in one country”
    • Started five-year plans
    • Collectivization of agriculture
  • Ruled USSR in early stages of the Cold War

Famous Founder & Builder #11

  • Ruled the eastern portion of the Roman Empire
  • Attempted to rebuild the Roman Empire through military conquest
  • Rebuilt Constantinople
    • Built Hagia Sophia
  • Wife Theodora was very influential
  • Codified Roman law

Famous Founder & Builder #12

  • Considered by believers to be the last prophet of Allah
    • Allah’s revelations to him were recorded in the Quran
    • Teaching and sayings were recorded in the Hadiths
  • Converted and unified the Arab people prior to his death

Famous Founder & Builder #13

  • 19th century philosopher developed a socialist theory to deal with the problems caused by industrialization
    • Co-authored the Communist Manifesto with Engels
  • Emphasized class struggle in history
    • Called for working class revolution
    • Influenced revolutions in Russia, China, Vietnam, et al.

Famous Founder & Builder #14

  • Created an examination system based upon Confucianism
  • Built imperial university to train bureaucrats
  • Expanded the Han dynasty into Korea and Vietnam
  • Encouraged the development of the Silk Roads

Famous Founder & Builder #15

  • Unified German-speaking states into a unified nation in 1871
    • Promoted nationalism
    • Defeated the French in the Franco-Prussian War
  • Encouraged militarism & industrialization in Germany
  • Made a series of social reforms
  • Called Berlin Conference

#1 – Muhammad Ali

  • Emerged as leader of Egypt after failed invasion by Napoleon in 1812
  • Modernized Egypt by focusing on the military and economy
    • Encouraged farmers to grow cash crops such as cotton
  • Successors would build the Suez Canal

#2 – King Louis XIV

  • Created an absolute monarchy in France
    • Considered the epitome of absolute monarchy
  • Nicknamed the Sun King
  • Built a lavish palace at Versailles
  • Practiced mercantilism
  • Made France one of Europe’s wealthiest nations

#3 – Deng Xiaoping

  • Veteran of the Long March
  • In 1978 he replaced Mao Zedong as the Leader of Communist China
  • Started a series of reforms called the Four Modernizations
    • Reforms promoted a market economy
  • Credited for the revival of modern Chinese economy

#4 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah

  • Became leader of the All-India Muslim League in 1913
  • United with Hindus to help India gain its independence
  • Favored two-nation strategy for independence
  • First governor-general of independent Pakistan
  • Nicknamed Quaid-e-Azam or Great Leader

#5 – Tokugawa Ieyasu

  • Founded a shogunate bearing his name in 1600
  • 1st person to unify Japan
    • Created a feudal monarchy in Japan
  • Began period of Japanese isolation
    • Banned Christianity & expelled Christian missionaries
    • Limited trade to the port of Nagasaki

#6 – Akbar the Great

  • Expanded the Mughal Empire
  • Promoted religious tolerance between Muslims and Hindus
    • Eliminated the jizya on Muslims
    • Tolerated Jesuit missionaries
  • Attempted social reforms to benefit women
  • Supported the arts

#7 – Confucius

  • Lived in China during the Warring States Period
  • Promoted social harmony through proper relationships
    • Five Relationships
    • Filial Piety
  • Teachings became the political and social foundations of Chinese society

#8 – Mansa Musa

  • Pilgrimage to Mecca brought attention to the wealth of the Mali Empire
    • Mali controlled trans-Saharan trade route
  • Built capital at Timbuktu
  • Built mosques and schools to promote Islam

#9 – Ashoka

  • Expanded the Mauryan Empire
  • Built roads and inns to encourage trade
  • Converted to Buddhism after the battle of Kalinga
  • Encouraged the spread of Buddhism to central Asia and southeast Asia
  • Built pillars with inscriptions to explain laws & history

#10 – Joseph Stalin

  • Replaced Vladimir Lenin as the leader of the USSR
  • Ruled as totalitarian dictatorship
  • Promoted “socialism in one country”
    • Started five-year plans
    • Collectivization of agriculture
  • Ruled USSR in early stages of the Cold War

#11 – Justinian

  • Ruled the eastern portion of the Roman Empire
  • Attempted to rebuild the glory of the Rome by military conquest
  • Rebuilt Constantinople
    • Built Hagia Sophia
  • Wife Theodora was very influential
  • Codified Roman law

#12 – Muhammad

  • Considered by believers to be the last prophet of Allah
    • Allah’s revelations to him were recorded in the Quran
    • Teaching and sayings were recorded in the Hadith
  • Converted and unified the Arab people prior to his death

#13 – Karl Marx

  • 19th century philosopher developed a socialist theory to deal with the problems caused by industrialization
    • Co-authored the Communist Manifesto with Engels
  • Emphasized class struggle in history
    • Called for working class revolution
    • Influenced revolutions in Russia, China, Vietnam, et al.

#14 – Han Wudi (Wu Ti)

  • Created an examination system based upon Confucianism
  • Built imperial university to train bureaucrats
  • Expanded the Han dynasty into Korea and Vietnam
  • Encouraged the development of the Silk Roads

#15 – Otto von Bismarck

  • Unified German-speaking states into a unified nation in 1871
    • Promoted nationalism
    • Defeated the French in the Franco-Prussian War
  • Encouraged militarism & industrialization in Germany
  • Made a series of social reforms
  • Called Berlin Conference

Round 2: Regions

  • IDENTIFY THE REGION BASED UPON HISTORICAL INFORMATION.

Round 2: Post-Classical Regions

  • Events
  • Region
  • Arrival of Islam, caste system, trade cotton textiles
  • Chinampas, human sacrifice, tribute system
  • Mostly Buddhist, arrival of Islam, Hindu temples, spice trade
  • Mummification, mita, quipu
  • Ruled by Vikings, Orthodox Christian, invaded by Mongols
  • East Africa
  • East Asia
  • Eastern Europe
  • Mesoamerica
  • Middle East
  • North America
  • South America
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia
  • West Africa
  • Western Europe

Round 2: Post-Classical Regions

  • Events
  • Region
  • Support Buddhism, feudalism, invaded by Mongols
  • Rise of Islam, attacked by Christians, invaded by Mongols
  • Arrival of Islam, city-states, trade gold and exotic animals
  • Arrival of Islam, trade gold and salt, three major empires
  • Attacked by Arabs and Vikings, feudalism, manorialism
  • East Africa
  • East Asia
  • Eastern Europe
  • Mesoamerica
  • Middle East
  • North America
  • South America
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia
  • West Africa
  • Western Europe

Round 2 Answers

  • H South Asia
  • D & F Mesoamerica & North America
  • I Southeast Asia
  • G South America
  • C Eastern Europe
  • B East Asia
  • E Middle East
  • A East Africa
  • J West Africa
  • K Western Europe

AP Regions Map

  • STUDY THIS MAP!!!
  • You do NOT want to be the student who mixes up the regions on test day.

Round 3: Art & Architecture

  • NAME THE SOCIETY OR REGION THAT CREATED THE ART & ARCHITECTURE SHOWN ON EACH SLIDE

Art & Architecture #1

Art & Architecture #2

Art & Architecture #3

Art & Architecture #4

Art & Architecture #5

Art & Architecture #6

Art & Architecture #7

Art & Architecture #8

Art & Architecture #9

Art & Architecture #10

Answers to Art & Architecture (Pictures listed clockwise from upper left)

  • Arabs (Dome of the Rock, Prophets Mosque, cartography, mosaic, calligraphy)
  • France (Palace of Versailles, Notre Dame Cathedral, Arc de Triumph, Impressionist painting)
  • Japan (Osaka castle, samurai painting, Ukioye woodblock painting)
  • Benin or West Africa (Ivory mask, copper sculptures, Portuguese saltcellar)
  • Byzantine Empire (Byzantine mosaic, Hagia Sophia, the Hippodrome, mosaics of Justinian & Jesus)
  • Mughal Empire (Taj Mahal, Mughal paintings, Mughal fort, Akbar’s tomb)
  • Mesoamerica (Aztec god, Mayan pyramid, Aztec sacrifice, Olmec head)
  • Russia (St. Basil’s Cathedral, Painting of Peter the Great, the Winter Palace, socialist realism)
  • Southeast Asia (Angkor Wat, Cambodian Buddha, bas relief of Vishnu & statues at Angkor Wat)
  • China (Buddhist carvings along the Silk Road, painting of Empress Wu, Song dynasty painting, the Great Wall, Ming porcelain, the Forbidden City)

Round 4: Turning-point Dates

  • MATCH THE DATE TO THE EVENT

Round 4: Turning-point Dates

  • The American Revolution begins
  • Discovery of the New World
  • End of the Zheng He voyages
  • Fall of the Byzantine Empire
  • Fall of the Western Roman Empire
  • Invention of the steam engine
  • Mongol conquest of Eurasia
  • Rise of Islam
  • Split of the Christian Church
  • Start of World War I
  • 476 CE
  • 610 CE
  • 1054 CE
  • 13th century
  • 1433 CE
  • 1453 CE
  • 1492 CE
  • 1770 CE
  • 1775 CE
  • 1914 CE

Round 4: Turning-point Dates

  • The American Revolution begins – I
  • Discovery of the New World – G
  • End of the Zheng He voyages – E
  • Fall of the Byzantine Empire – F
  • Fall of the Western Roman Empire – A
  • Invention of the steam engine – H
  • Mongol conquest of Eurasia – D
  • Rise of Islam – B
  • Split of the Christian Church – C
  • Start of World War I – J
  • 476 CE
  • 610 CE
  • 1054 CE
  • 13th century
  • 1433 CE
  • 1453 CE
  • 1492 CE
  • 1770 CE
  • 1775 CE
  • 1914 CE

Round 6: Who Am I? Revolutionaries

  • DETERMINE THE FAMOUS “REVOLUTIONARY” BASED UPON THE INFORMATION.

Famous Revolutionary #1

  • Leader of the Bolshevik party in Russia
  • Seized control of Russia in October 1917
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Proletariat-based revolution
    • Land redistribution
    • New Economic Policy (NEP)
    • Spread Communism to other regions
      • Comintern

Famous Revolutionary #2

  • Creole from South America
  • Inspired by the Enlightenment and the American and French Revolutions
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Gained independence for most of northern South America
      • Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, & Bolivia
    • Hoped to unify northern South America into Gran Columbia

Famous Revolutionary #3

  • Became leader of the Communist Party in China after the Long March
  • Gained power after a successful revolution in 1949
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Peasant-based revolution
    • Great Leap Forward
    • Cultural Revolution
    • Attempted to minimize the influence of Confucianism

Famous Revolutionary #4

  • Proposed reforms for the Catholic Church in his Ninety-five Theses
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Believed faith alone would get people into heaven
    • The Bible was the final source for Christian teachings
  • Printing press spread his ideas across Northern Europe

Famous Revolutionary #5

  • Muslim fundamentalist
  • Opposed the reforms of Shah Reza Pahlavi in Iran
  • Became leader of Iran in 1979
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Anti-Western reforms
      • Banned western movies, books, & music
    • Strict adherence to Muslim laws & traditions

Famous Revolutionary #6

  • Born in India in the 6th century BCE
  • Member of the warrior caste
  • Claimed to be “the enlightened one”
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Ultimate goal is nirvana
    • Anybody of any caste or gender could achieve nirvana
      • Four Noble Truths
      • Eightfold Path

Famous Revolutionary #7

  • Indian lawyer and member of the Indian National Congress
  • Revolutionary ideas
  • Assassinated in 1948

Famous Revolutionary #8

  • Born in Palestine during the 1st century BCE
  • Attempted to reform Judaism
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Only two commandments
      • Love God; Love your neighbor
    • Followers believed he was the son of God
      • Called him the Messiah
  • Crucified for his teachings

Famous Revolutionary #9

  • English mathematician and physicist
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Laws of the heavens are true on Earth
      • Universal gravity
      • Three laws of motion
    • Made significant discoveries in optics & calculus
  • Influenced deism

Famous Revolutionary #10

  • Freed slave who helped lead a revolt against white settlers in Haiti
  • Educated and familiar with Enlightenment ideas & the American Revolution
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Slaves were equal to whites
    • Slaves could govern themselves
  • Arrested and died in prison

#1 – Vladimir Lenin

  • Leader of the Bolshevik party in Russia
  • Seized control of Russia in October 1917
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Proletariat-based revolution
    • Land redistribution
    • New Economic Policy (NEP)
    • Spread communism to other regions
      • Comintern

#2 – Simon Bolivar

  • Creole from South America
  • Inspired by the Enlightenment and the American and French Revolutions
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Gained independence for most of northern South America
      • Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, & Bolivia
    • Hoped to unify northern South America into Gran Columbia

#3 – Mao Zedong

  • Became leader of the Communist Party in China after the Long March
  • Gained power after a successful revolution in 1949
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Peasant-based revolution
    • Great Leap Forward
    • Cultural Revolution
    • Attempted to minimize the influence of Confucianism

#4 – Martin Luther

  • Proposed reforms for the Catholic Church in his Ninety-five Theses
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Believed faith alone would get people into heaven
    • The Bible was the final source for Christian teachings
  • Printing press spread his ideas across Northern Europe

#5 – Ayatollah Khomeini

  • Muslim fundamentalist
  • Opposed the reforms of Shah Reza Pahlavi in Iran
  • Became leader of Iran in 1979
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Anti-Western reforms
      • Banned western movies, books, & music
    • Strict adherence to Muslim laws & traditions

#6 - Buddha

  • Born in India in the 6th century BCE
  • Member of the warrior caste
  • Claimed to be “the enlightened one”
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Ultimate goal is nirvana
    • Anybody of any caste or gender could achieve nirvana
      • Four Noble Truths
      • Eightfold Path

#7 – Mohandas Gandhi

  • Indian lawyer and member of the Indian National Congress
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Satyagraha or non-violent resistance
      • Salt March in 1931
      • Organized boycotts of British goods
    • Demanded Indian independence
  • Assassinated in 1948

#8 – Jesus of Nazareth

  • Born in Palestine during the 1st century BCE
  • Attempted to reform Judaism
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Only two commandments
      • Love God; Love your neighbor
    • Followers believed he was the son of God
      • Called him the Messiah
  • Crucified for his teachings

#9 – Isaac Newton

  • English mathematician and physicist
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Laws of the heavens are true on Earth
      • Universal gravity
      • Three laws of motion
    • Made significant discoveries in optics & calculus
  • Influenced deism

#10 – Toussaint L’Ouverture

  • Freed slave who helped lead a revolt against white settlers in Haiti
  • Educated and familiar with Enlightenment ideas & the American Revolution
  • Revolutionary ideas
    • Slaves were equal to whites
    • Slaves could govern themselves
  • Arrested and died in prison

Round 7: 20th Century Institutions

Who am I?

  • I am an international organization formed in 1945 to help promote world peace. I replaced the failed League of Nations. I currently have 193 members. In 1948, I wrote the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which identifies the human rights goals for all nations.

Who am I?

  • I was formed in 1949 to help combat the threat of communism in Europe. I have continued to exist after the end of the Cold War. I currently have 28 members.

Who am I?

  • I am an organization, similar to the Irish Republican Army, that uses violence against civilians to achieve political aims. My most successful attacks were on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001.

Who am I?

  • I started in 1958 with six members. I currently have 27 members. Together we are a regional trade bloc, similar to ASEAN or NAFTA, that is designed to promote the movement of capital and goods across national borders. Not all members use the currency we introduced in 2002.

Who am I?

  • I am a controversial international financial institution that provides financial assistance to developing countries. My official goal is the reduction of global poverty. Founded in 1944, I have helped spread the principles and practices associated with free market economics around the world.

What am I?

  • I am a large Japanese company that works closely with the government to promote economic development. A couple of example companies: Mitsubishi & Panasonic

What am I?

  • Started in 1955 at the Bandung Conference, I was a movement to promote economic cooperation to avoid the potential neocolonialism of the United States or the USSR during the Cold War.

Who am I?

  • I am a specialized agency of the United Nations. Like Doctors Without Borders or the Red Cross, I was formed to help respond to humanitarian crises around the world. A couple years ago I played a major role in end the scourge known as the Swine flu (sarcasm intended).

Who am I?

  • I am a global movement that was started in Canada in the early 1970s. I protest the inequality of environmental and economic consequences of global integration. My main targets are global warming, deforestation, over-fishing, and nuclear proliferation. I am pretty much ignored by the U.S. government.

Who am I?

  • I am a famous multinational corporation. I have been accused of challenging state authority in India by using all of the groundwater in some areas and in Columbia where I have been accused of major labor violations. I have not dumped millions of gallons of oil in the Gulf of Mexico so I am better than BP.

Answers to Round 7

  • United Nations
  • NATO
  • Al-Qaeda
  • European Union
  • World Bank
  • Keiretsu (previously zaibatsu)
  • Non-Aligned Movement
  • World Health Organization
  • Greenpeace
  • Coca-Cola

Round 8: Miscellaneous Stuff

What am I?

  • Along with quantum mechanics and the Big Bang Theory, I am an example of the new scientific paradigms of the 20th century
  • I was proven by Max Planck and Albert Einstein
  • General meaning: “Time and space are not fixed”

What disease am I?

  • I am a tropical disease. Although I am preventable and easily curable. I still cause a large number of deaths in poor, tropical areas.

What disease am I?

  • I am the largest disease epidemic of the 20th century. I am a virus that is spread through blood transfusions and unprotect sexual intercourse.

What disease am I?

  • I forgot what I am. I tend to affect richer countries with longer life expectancies. What are we talking about? Oh, yeah. I tend to affect richer countries with longer life…

What am I?

  • I was painted by Pablo Picasso to draw attention to the atrocities committed by the Spanish government during the Spanish Civil War.

What am I?

  • I am one of the most popular video games of the 20th century. Historians use me as an example of the impact of modern warfare on popular culture. I also keep nerdy boys from sleeping, talking to girls, or going outside.

What am I?

  • I was political rally in 1989 by college students demanding democratic rights in China. Our movement was crushed by the Chinese government.

What am I?

  • I was intellectual movement started by African writers living in France in the 1930s. I called for a new “pan-African” identity to fight racism in French colonies.
  • Two leaders of this movement: Aime Cesaire (left) and Leopold Senghor (right)

What am I?

  • I am an example of a new form of spirituality that emerged in the 20th century. I combine slow-moving exercise with moral philosophy. I was introduced to China in 1992 and had millions of followers by the turn of the 21st century. The Chinese government declared us a “heretical organization” in 1999.

What am I?

  • I am a political movement within Christianity that interprets the teachings of Jesus Christ in terms of freedom from political, economic, or social oppression. I became very popular in Latin America during the 1950s and 1960s. My critics often calls me “Christianized Marxism.”

What am I?

  • Held for the first time in the modern era in 1896. I represent how sports came to symbolize national and social aspirations.

What am I?

  • I am a music style first popularized by Bob Marley (left) and Peter Tosh (above). My popularity has spread from the Caribbean to North America, Europe, Africa, and Japan.

Who Am I?

  • I am a Buddhist monk practicing self-immolation to protest the Vietnam War. My act is a chilling example of someone who challenged the brutality of war in the 20th century.

What am I?

  • I am observed worldwide on April 22. I was started in 1970 to bring awareness of the Earth’s natural environment. My flag is pictured above.

What disease am I

  • I am a viral disease that was almost entirely eradicated by the discovery of a vaccine by Jonas Salk in 1955.

Answers to Part 8

  • Theory of Relativity
  • Malaria
  • AIDS/HIV
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Guernica
  • Call of Duty
  • Tiananmen Square (Massacre)
  • Negritude Movement
  • Falun Gong
  • Liberation Theology
  • The Olympics
  • Reggae
  • Thich Quang Duc
  • Earth Day
  • Polio

Round 5: Regions

  • CHOOSE THE CORRECT REGION(S) FOR EACH COUNTRY. THERE CAN BE MULTIPLE ANSWERS.

Round 5: Regions

  • Abbasid Caliphate
  • Han Dynasty
  • Mauryan Dynasty
  • Mali Empire
  • Mongol Empire
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Portuguese Empire
  • Roman Empire
  • Spanish Empire
  • Song Dynasty
  • East Asia
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • North Africa
  • North America
  • South America
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia
  • West Africa
  • Western Europe

Round 5: Answers

  • Abbasid Caliphate – D, E
  • Han Dynasty – A, I (Vietnam)
  • Mauryan Dynasty – H
  • Mali Empire – J
  • Mongol Empire – A, B, D
  • Ottoman Empire – B, D, E
  • Portuguese Empire – C, G, H, I, J,K
  • Roman Empire – B, D, E, K
  • Spanish Empire – C, F, G, I, K
  • Song Dynasty - A
  • East Asia
  • East. Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East
  • North Africa
  • North America
  • South America
  • South Asia
  • Southeast Asia
  • West Africa
  • West. Europe

Abbasid Caliphate

Han Dynasty

Mauryan Dynasty

Mali Empire

Mongol Empire

Ottoman Empire

Portuguese Empire (Blue)

Roman Empire

Spanish Empire (Red)

Song Dynasty



Download 52.48 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©www.sckool.org 2022
send message

    Main page