רעיונות יסוד בפילוסופיה יהודית Jewish Faith In a Changing World (lecture) 03-005-80



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רעיונות יסוד בפילוסופיה יהודית

Jewish Faith In a Changing World (lecture) 03-005-80
Year of Studies: 2013-14 Semester: one and two Hours: 2 weekly

  1. Goals of the Course: (General and specific)

To give the students a basic understanding of the main issues of Classical Jewish philosophy. To offer an overview of the thinkers and books and to teach the main issues while comparing the various view points in these issues.

  1. The content of the course (rationale and topics)

The course is made specifically for students who are not majoring in Jewish philosophy. To introduce to them the eternal themes and issues in Jewish philosophy. These include: understanding Man, the image of God, human free will, the place of ethics, theories of the soul, eschatology, the afterlife, belief in God and the interface between science and Judaism.

  1. The classes are in lecture format. There is a source reader which we use in class.

  2. Detailed lecture schedule :



Topic

Class no.

What is Philosophy, Religious Philosophy and Jewish philosophy. What are the three main categories of Jewish Thought

1.

Who was Maimonides and why did the Rabbi of Provence take issue with his thinking

2.

Discussion of Guide I chap. 1 , Man created in “the image of God”. Man according to Maimonides and the neo-Aristotelian thinking of his day

3.

Guide For the Perplexed: I chapter 2, The Garden of Eden story as a paradigm for human moral decision making.

4.

Maimonides interpretation of Adam and modern psychological theories

5.

The world according to Muhammad Al-Farabi, and the Arab influence on Maimonides

6.

Four possibilities regarding human free will and Maimonides position

7.

Can God know the future if the is human free-will? (Maimonides, Gersonides and Avicenna)

8.

Maimonides’ theory of the soul and the link to Al-Farabi.. (from his Eight chapters). Maimonides and the Kalam on the imaginative faculty.

9.

(continuation) Which faculty is responsible for good and bad deeds? Can one commit a transgression through the intellect?

10.

Is there a Mitzvah to believe in God? (Maimonides vs. Crescas)

11.

Aristotle’s theory of Ethics. “The Golden Mean” as found in Maimonides and the problems therein.

12.

Aristotle’s theory of Ethics. “The Golden Mean” as found in Maimonides and the problems therein.

13.

The absence of the afterlife in the Bible

14.

Maimonides’ eschatology: his three introductions to the issue of the afterlife

15.

Maimonides’ three introductions continued

16.

Maimonides: Messianism

17.

The argument over Maimonides’ understanding of the resurrection of the dead.

18.

Ramchal’s ideas on the Afterlife

19.

Ramhal on Messianism

20.

Developments in Monotheism over the ages

21.

Arguments for the Belief in God in the middle ages

22.

Can arguments for the belief in God be used in the post-Kantian Period

23.

Biblical Creation and the Modern Theory of Cosmogony and Evolution

24.

(Continuation) comparing views: Rabbi Kook, Rabbi Hirsch, Rabbi Israel Lipshutz

25.

Summary and discussion of the relevance of Jewish philosophy today.

26.



  1. Requirements of course:

The course is based on the source book and the lectures. There is a requirement to read Prof. N Aviezer’s book: “In the Beginning”. In addition: Dr. Shuchat’s Book: “Jewish Faith in a changing World” is an optional aid in understanding the course. The final mark is based on the final test as well as participation in the classes.
Bibliography (Optional reading related to the course)
Agus Jewish Identity- Agus, Jacob, Jewish Identity in an Age of Ideologies, NY 1978

Albo, Ikkarim - Albo, Joseph,Sefer Ha-Ikkarim, Jerusalem 1960

Alfarabi, Selected Aphorisms - AlFarabi : The Political Writings, Selected Aphorisms and Other Texts, Trans. By Butterworth, Charles E

Alfarabi, The Perfect State - Alfarabi, Muhammad, Al-Farabi on the Perfect State, Trans. By R. Walzer, Oxford 1985

Armstrong, The Case for God - Armstrong, Karen, The Case for God, NY 2009

Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, in Mckeon Richard, The Basic Works of Aristotle, NY 1941

Aurbach Hazal - Aurbach, Efraim, Hazal: Pirkei Emunot ve-De’ot, Jerusalem 1969

Avivi, “Historia Zorekh Gavoha - Avivi, Yosef, “Historia Zorekh Gavoha,” Sefer Hayovel Le-Rav Mordecai Breuer, Jerusalem 1992 Vol. II

Bar Hiyya, Meggilat Ha-Megaleh – R. Abraham Bar-Hiyya, Meggilat Ha-Megaleh, Berlin 1924

Ben-David, Scientific Growth - Ben-David, Joseph, Scientific Growth: Essays on the Social Organization and Ethos of Science, Freudenthal, Gad ed., University of California at Berkley 1991

Ben-Shlomo, “Shlemut ve-Hishtalmut” - Ben-Shlomo, Yosef, “Shlemut ve-Hishtalmut be-Torat ha-Elohut Shel haRav Kook”, Iyyun 33 (1984) a-b

Benamozegh, Eim la-Miqra - Benamozegh, Eliyahu, Eim la-Miqra, Livorno 1862

Benamozegh, Israel and Humanity - Elijah Benamozegh, Israel and Humanity, Maxwell Luriah editor, NY 1995

Bertens, The Idea of the Post Modern - Bertens, Hans, The Idea of the Post Modern, London 1995

Birnbaum , “Bahya and Maimonides” - Birnbaum, Ruth “The Role of Reason in Bahya And Maimonides”, Shofar 19, 2 (2001).

Burnyeat , Aristotle - Burnyeat, M. F., “Aristotle on Learning to Be Good”, in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, Berkley and Los Angeles 1980

Cherry, Evolution and Jewish Thought - Cherry, Michael Shai, Creation, Evolution and Jewish Thought, Phd Dissertation, Brandies University, Boston 2001

Cherry, “Three Jewish Responses to Evolution” - Cherry, Michael Shai, “Three Twentieth-Century Jewish Responses to Evolutionary Theory,” Aleph 3 (2003),

Chopra, Life After Death - Chopra, Deepak, Life After Death, NY 2006

Cordovero, Pardes - Cordovero, R. Moses, Pardes Rimonim, Jerusalm 1962

Coplston, A History of Philosophy - Copleston, Fredrick, A History of Philosophy, NY 1962

Cornford, Socrates - Cornford, Francis Mcdonald, Before and After Socrates, Cambridge 1968

Crescas Or Hashem - Crescas, R. Hasdai, Or Hashem, Jerusalem 1990

Cescas Or Hashem Hebrew - Crescas, Hasdai, Or Hashem, Ferrara 1555

Davidson, “Metaphysical Knowledge” - Davidson, Herbert, “Maimonides on Metaphysical Knowledge”, Maimonedean Studies, 3, NY. 1993

Davies , Physics - Davies, Paul,: God and the New Physics, London 1983

Eliade, Myth of the Eternal Return - Eliade, Mircea, The Myth of the Eternal Return or, Cosmos and History, Princeton 1974

Fackenheim, “The Revealed Morality - Fackenheim, Emil, “The Revealed Morality of Judaism and Modern Thought”, Contemporary Jewish Ethics, M. Kellner Ed. NY 1979

Feldman, Rav A. I. Kook - Feldman, Zeev, Rav A. I. Kook, Selected Letters, Maaleh Adumim 1986

Feldman , Wars of the Lord - Feldman, Seymour, translation of Levi Ben Gershom, The Wars of the Lord, Philadelphia 1984

Fromm, Escape from Freedom - Fromm, Erich, Escape From Freedom, New York 1941

Gefen, HaMemadim HaNevuav veHaadmetanut - Gefen, R. Shem Tov, HaMemadim HaNevuav veHaadmetanut, Jerusalem 1974

Gersonides, Wars of the Lord - Gersonides, (Levi Ben Gershom)Wars of the Lord, III, 3, Gersonides on

God’s Knowledge, Samuelson, Norbert Max., Toronto 1977

Gilson Modern Philosophy - Gilson, Etienne, Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant, NY 1965

Girgerenzer Gut Feelings - Girgerenzer, Gerd, Gut Feelings: The Intelligence of the Unconscious, NY 2007,

Gvirtzma, “Be’ayat beri’at haolam” - Gvirtzman, Gedaliah, “Be’ayat beri’at haolam vehamehkar hamada’I,” in Emunah Dat U-Madda, (Hackinus Hashenati Le- Mahshevet Hayahadut), Jerusalem 1966

Halevi kuzari - Halevi, R. Judah, Kuzari, Tel Aviv 1977, Even-Shmuel, Judah, Translation

Hallamish, Kabbalah - Hallamish, Moshe, Mavoh la-Kabbalah, Jerusalem 1992.

Handlin “Ambivalence in Responses to Science” - Handlin, O., “Ambivalence in the Popular Responses to Science,” in The Sociology of Science, B. Barnes ed. Harmondsworth 1972, p. 268. See also Parsons, Keith M., Drawing Out Leviathan: Dinosaurs and the Science Wars, Indiana U. Press at Bloomington 2001

Hartman Maimonides - Hartman, Maimonides Torah and Philosophic Quest, Philadelphia 1976

Heidegger, Philophy - Heidegger, Martin, “What is Philosophy” New Haven 1956

Heschel, Torah Min Hashamayim - Heschel, Abraham Joshua, Torah Min Hashomayim, New York 1962

Hirsch, The Collected Writings - Hirsch, Samson Raphael, The Collected Writings, E. Bondi and D. Bechhofer ed., NY-Jerusalem 1992

Hovat Hatalmidim - Shapiro, R. Klonimus Kalman of Piaseczno, Hovat Ha-Talmidim, Shelosha

Maamarim, Tel Aviv 1957

Huss, “All You Need is Love” - Huss, Boaz, “All You Need is Lav,” unpublished article originally published in German as: “Madonna, die 72 Namen Gottes und eine postmoderne Kabbala,” in the catalogue book of the exhibition 5+10=Gott, of the Jewish Museum of Berlin, 2004

Isaac of Acre, Meirat Eynaim - Isaac Ben Samuel of Acre, Meirat Eynaim, Jerusalem 1993

Jacobs, “The Relationship Between Religion and Ethics” - Jacobs, Louis, “The Relationship Between Religion and Ethics in Jewish Thought”, Contemporary Jewish Ethics, Kellner, Menahem, Ed. NY 1979

Jameson Postmodernism - Jameson, Frederick, Postmodernism or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism, Duke University Press, 1991

Kafih, Sefer Hamitzvot - Kafih, R. Joseph,Maimonides’ Sefer Hamizvot, Jerusalem 1971

Kant, Critique of Pure Reason - Kant, Immanuel, Critique of Pure Reason, Everyman Publishers’ London 1991

Kant, Future Metaphysics - Kant, Immanuel, Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics, Indianapolis 1979

Kaplan,“Torah U’Mada in the Thought of Rabbi Hirsch - Kaplan, Lawrence, “Torah U’Mada in the Thought of Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch,” BDD 5 (1997)

Kohlberg, The Adolescence - Kohlberg, Lawrence, and Gilligan, C.. “The Adolescent as a Philosopher: The Discovery of the Self in a Post -conventional World”, Daedalus 100/4 (1971)

Korn, Tselem Elokim - Korn, Eugene,. Tselem Elokim and the Dialectic of Jewish Morality, Tradition 31, 2,

Korner, Kant - Korner, Stephan, Kant, London 1977

Korman, Evolution and Judaism - Korman, Avraham, Evoluzia ve-Yahadut, Tel Aviv 1974

Kook, Hazon HaGeula – R. Abraham Isaac Kook, Hazon HaGeula, NY 1974.

Kook, Igrot Harayah - Kook, R. Abraham Isaac, Igrot ha-Raayah, Jerusalem 1961.

Kook Orot HaKodesh - Kook, R. Abraham Isaac, Orot HaKodesh,I, II, III, Jerusalem1963, 1964

Kook, Shemoneh Kevazim – R. Abraham Isaac Kook, Shemoneh Kevazim, Jerusalem 1999

Lane Arabic-English Lexicon - Lane, E. W., Arabic-English Lexicon, London 1877

Lamm Faith - Lamm, Norman, Faith and Doubt, NY 1971

Lobel, Between Mysticism and Philosophy - Lobel, Diana, Between Mysticism and Philosophy, Albany 2000

Lyotard, The Postmodern Condition - Lyotard, Jean Francois, The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge, Minneapolis 1999

Maimonides Guide - Maimonides, Moses, Guide For the Perplexed, Pines, Solomon trans., University of Chicago Press 1963

Maimonides Guide Ibn Tibbon ed. - Guide for the Perplexed, (Moreh Nevukhim, Hebrew Edition) NY 1946,

Maimonides Guide Schwartz edition – Schwartz, Moshe, Moreh Nevuhim, Tel Aviv 2002

Maimonides, Higayon - Milot Ha-Higayon, Jerusalem 1965

Maimonides Responsa – Maimonides (Moses Ben Maimon), Responsa, (Teshuvot Harambam) ed. by Freimann, Abraham Chayyim, Jerusalem 1934

Maimonides Eight Chapters - Maimonies, Eight Chapters, chapter one, Rabinovitch ed. Jerusalem 1961

Maimonides, Igrot - Igrot Harambam, Rabinovitch, Mordecai Dov, ed. Jerusalem 1974

Maimonides, Eight Chapters - in Twersky, Isadore, A Maimonides Reader, NY, 1972

Maimonides , Mishneh Torah, Book Of knowledge – in Twersky, Isadore, A Maimonides Reader NY 1972

Maimonides, Hakdamot - Hakdamot Ha-Rambam, Jerusalem 1992, Shilat, Yitzhak ed.,

Maimonides, Maamar Tehiyat Hametim - Maimonides, Ma’mar Tehiyat Hametim, in Igrot Harambam,

Rabinovitch, Mordecai Dov, ed., Jerusalem 1974

Manekin, “Belief, Certainty and Divine Attributes” - Manekin, Charles, “Belief, Certainty, and Divine Attributes in the Guide of the Perplexed”, Maimonidean Studies, New York, Vol. 1 (1990), A. Hyman ed.

McCarthy “Postmodern Pleasure and Perversity - McCarthy, Paul, “Postmodern Pleasure and Perversity: Scientism and Sadism” in Essays in Post Modern Culture, Amiran and Unsworth eds. Oxford 1993

McKeon, Aristotle - The Basic Works of Aristotle, ed. McKeon, Richard, NY 1941

Merton, “The Sociology of Science” - Merton, Robert King, “The Sociology of Science: An Episodic Memoir,” in The Sociology of Science in Europe, Merton, Robert King, and Gaston, Jerry, ed., Southern Illinois U. Press, Carbondale 1977

Moody, Reflections on Life After Life - Moody,Raymond, Reflections on Life After life, NY 1977

Moody, Life After Life -Moody, Raymond, Life After Life, NY 1975

Norwich,“The Physics of Prayer” - Norwich, Kenneth, “The Physics of Prayer and the Origin of the Universe,” Conservative Judaism, 40,2 (1987)

Numbers, Darwinism comes to America – Numbers, Ronald, Darwanism Comes to America, Cambridge 1998.

Pines “Truth and Falsehood - Pines, Solomon, “Truth and Falsehood Versus Good and Evil, A Study in Jewish and General Philosophy in Connection with the Guide of the Perplexed , 1,2”, Studies in Maimonides, Twersky, Isidore, Ed., London 1990

Pines, Solomon, “The Limitations of Human Knowledge According to Al-Farabi, Ibn Bajja and Pines

The Limitations of Human Knowledge - Maimonides”, Studies in Medieval Jewish History and Literature, Twersky, Isidore, Ed., Cambridge Mass., 1979

Rabeinu Bahya : Commentary to the Torah - Rabeinu Behayei Ben Asher: Beur al-Hatorah H. D. Chavel Edition, Jerusalem 1967

Reines, “Miracles” - Reines, Alvin J., “Maimonides’ Concept of Miracles”, HUCA 45 (1974)

Robinson, “Judaism Since 1700” - Robinson, Ira, “Judaism Since 1700”, The History of Science and Religion in the Western Tradition, Ed. Ferngren, G. NY and London 2000

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